Entire Written History of the 26th Wisconsin


This is the entire historical account of the 26th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, written by those who were there. This page contains letters and diary entries in one continuous string.
Diary entries are:
[KK] Karl Karsten
[FB] Frederick Buerstatte
[GJ] George Jones
[FS] Frank Smrcek

Letter entries are:
[FW] Major Fredrick C. Winkler
[AM] Corporal Adam Muenzenberger
[CW] Sergeant Charles Wickesberg
[ED] Private Ernst Damkoehler

Newspaper entries are:
{WD} The Wisconsin Daily
{MS} The Milwaukee Sentinel
{MP} The Manitowoc Pilot
{MH} The Manitowoc Herald
{MW} The Manitowoc Semi-Weekly
{WP} The West Bend Post
{CT} The Clifton Times
{SE} The Sheboygan Evergreen City Times

______________________________________________________________________________

8/9/1962
{WP} Article #4

8/12/1862
{MS} Article #18
{MS} Article #27

8/13/1862
[KK] I signed up as a solder for the U.S.A. for three years.
{MS} Article #19

8/14/1862
{MS} Article #20
{MS} Article #21
{MH} Article #1

8/15/1862
{MS} Article #22

8/16/1862
{MS} Article #25
{WP} Article #5

8/18/1862
[FS] Because of the war between the North and the South both sides needed soldiers. In the North meetings took place and the speakers encouraged people to take up arms. They were successful and many young men who were qualified for military service joined the army and pledged allegiance to the flag. Several months went by. Finally August 18, I too, touched by the words of one of the speakers, joined the volunteers.

8/19/1862
{MS} Article #28

8/20/1862
{MS} Article #31

8/21/1862
{MS} Article #33

8/22/1862
{MS} Article #35

8/26/1862
{MS} Article #36

8/30/1862
{WP} Article #6

9/1/1862
[ED] Letter #1
{MS} Article #37

9/3/1862
[KK] Left West Bend to Schlesingerville and stayed for three days. We got to Milwaukee at 4:00 am. I, Jacob Wagner, and John Schultz, had to look for six more men. We could not find any.
[FS] On September 3, I bade farewell to my home and left with other young men for Milwaukee.

9/6/1862
{MS} Article #38
{WP} Article #7

9/8/1862
[FS] On the 8th of September, we were sent to Camp Sigel where we joined the 26th regiment of volunteers from Wisconsin.

9/9/1862
{MS} Article #41

9/10/1962
{MS} Article #42

9/11/1862
{MS} Article #43 & #44
{MP} Article #1

9/13/1862
{WP} Article #8

9/15/1862
[KK] 10:00 am to 10:00 am 9/16 Stood guard duty with twenty-one men.
{MS} Article #45

9/16/1862
{MS} Article #46

9/17/1862
[KK] We got our bounty.
[FS] On the 17th, we were inspected and attached to the 26th regiment. We stayed at Camp Sigel for one month and received our basic training.
{MS} Article #47

9/18/1862
[KK] One man was taken off guard duty.
{MS} Article #48

9/19/1862
[KK] Our Captain, and First Lieutenant, got his sword.

9/20/1862
{WP} Article #9

9/23/1862
{MS} Article #49

9/26/1862
{MS} Article #50

9/29/1862
{MS} Article #51

9/30/1862
[FW] Letter #1
[AM]Letter #1

10/1/1862
[AM] Letter #2
{MS} Article #52

10/3/1862
[CW] Letter #1
{MS} Article #53

10/4/1862
{MS} Article #54
{WP} Article #10
{SE} Article #1

10/5/1862
Indian Scare

10/6/1862
[KK] We went form Milwaukee to Chicago.
[FS] Finally, the day of our departure from Milwaukee arrived and we left for the war against the enemy. It was the 6th of October. From the early morning the Camp was busy. Many people from Milwaukee poured into the camp, both to witness our departure, and to bid farewell to their beloved ones. Eyes were filled with tears. And how could they not be? There was a father parting with his son, a brother with his brother, a wife with her husband, a friend with a dear friend. Nobody was ashamed of his tears. This scene was interrupted by the roll of the drums announcing our departure. Our files marched to the sound of the band to the Chicago railway station, escorted by many bystanders. Here we boarded the train and, taking leave from Milwaukee, we headed toward Racine. In Racine the local population bade farewell to their beloved ones. After this scene we rushed away.
{WD} Article #1
{MS} Article #55

10/7/1862
[KK] From Chicago through Toledo, to Cleveland.
{MS} Article #56

10/8/1862
[KK] From Cleveland through Dunkirk (Lake Erie) to Elmira (N.Y.). Fences are made of pine.
[FW] Letter #2
{WD} Article #2
{MS} Article #57

10/9/1862
[KK] From Elmira to Baltimore.
{WD} Article #3
{MS} Article #58
{MP} Article #2

10/10/1862
[KK] In Baltimore we saw more blacks than white people. Six regiments waited for transportation. Along the train to Washington there were guards posted.
[FS] ..on October 10, we arrived in Washington where we stayed over night.
[FW] Letter #3

10/11/1862
[KK] From Washington we had to march 10 miles with our full pack.
[FS] On the 11th we crossed the Potomac River and proceeded into Virginia. We stopped at Arlington Heights and spent the first night in a soldier's way, i. e., in the open.
{WP} Article #11

10/12/1862
[KK] We received tents and (material impregnated with wax). We were a mile from Ft. Corcoran, and eight miles from Bull Run. Eighty thousand men in infantry, cavalry, and artillery, lie here in this area.
[FW] Letter #4

10/13/1862
[KK] We got our horse and wagon. We used our bayonets to make sparks to create a fire. We received rations for two days and our marching orders.
{WD} Article #4

10/14/1862
[KK] Our regiment left here, except our company stayed for guard duty. I had guard duty with ten men.
[FS] On the 14th we left Arlington Heights and proceeded to Fairfax where we arrived in the evening and pitched a camp.
[AM] Letter #3
[ED] Letter #2
{WD} Article #5

10/15/1862
[KK] We had guard duty with ten men.

10/16/1862
[KK] Again guard duty and I talked to Low about West Bend.
[FS] On the 16th, General Sigel inspected our camp ...
[CW] Letter #2

10/17/1862
[KK] We marched for Fairfax C. H. Our backpacks were transported. I wrote a letter to my parents.
{MS} Article #59

10/18/1862
[KK] This was the first washday
[FW] Letter #5
[FW] Letter #6

10/19/1862 Sunday
[KK] There was an inspection and we received the "War Laws".

10/20/1862
[KK] Forenoon we had a parade for Sigel because we belong to the second brigade [Krzyzanowski], and the Third Division [Schurz], Eleventh Army Corps [Sigel].
[FS] ... on the 20th we had the first maneuvers ...
[FW] Letter #7

10/21/1862
[KK] Heipp again in our company.

10/22/1862
[KK] Got forty bullets.

10/23/1862
[KK] We learned to shoot, to load, and lie.
[FW] Letter #8

10/24/1862
[KK] We shot at the target.

10/25/1862
[KK] Washday. We got marching orders, but it was cancelled. In the evening we suddenly got orders to march and to bring all our belongings, and then we dispersed.

10/26/1862 Sunday
[KK] Stormy Rain.

10/27/1862
[FS] ... on the 27th, we received ammunition.

10/28/1862
[KK] Stormy Rain. We formed a square with four sections and went by six calvary men. Schlesinger and Philips, from Milwaukee, was with us.

10/29/1862
[KK] Our regiment marched for three miles. I stayed back as a guard.
[FS] On the 29th, we moved approximately 1/4 of a mile south of Fairfax and were attached to Sigel's 11th Corps, the third division under the command of Carl Schurtz (Schurz), the 2nd brigade under the command of Krizanovsky (Krzyzanowski).

10/30/1862
[KK] Noon: The guard also went to the regiment and we put up our tents, flooring of hay. There was a picket from the New York regiment who was shot.
[AM] Letter #4
{WD} Article #6

10/31/1862
[KK] We had a parade in front of Sigel and the finance minister, Mr. Chase. I had guard duty in the afternoon.
[FS] On the 31st, our division was inspected.
[FW] Letter #9

11/1/1862
[KK] Before I had guard duty in the afternoon, we received an inspection and marching orders.
[FW] Letter #10 11/2/1862 Sunday
[KK] 4:00 am we had to get ready to march. We received the full number of bullets and rations for two days. Noon: We reached Centerville (left) and rested an hour. We went across the battlefield of Bull Run (right) - five miles. We slept at night under the stars and I received a letter from my parents.
[FS] The campaign began. This very day we moved via Centerville to Bull Run and spent the night there.

11/3/1862
[KK] We continued our march at 6:00 am to Thoroughfare Gap - 15 miles. We stopped in the woods. In the morning we went (?ReBellow), 300 men of the regiment had to go to the front to guard. Got rations for 2 days and passed through two battlefields.
[FS] On the 3rd we reached Thoroughfare Gap.

11/4/1862
[KK] Rested and we also took horses, sheep, pigs, chickens, ducks, geese, honey, apples from the countryside. Cooked and we fixed the meat all day and had a good time.
[FW] Letter #11
[CW] Letter #3

11/5/1862
[KK] Our company went to the front guard duty. I and John Horn, us two corporals with twenty-four men were put to the most forward guard position. We could hear the drums of the enemy. We were in a sunken road. For the first time we had milk for our coffee. The railway was fixed. A Lieutenant was accidentally shot by our own men. Stormy night.
[FW] Letter #12

11/7/1862
[FS] We left this place on the 7th and proceeded to New Baltimore.

11/8/1862
[KK] We stayed there and wrote to my parents.
[FW] Letter #13

11/9/1862 Sunday
[KK] We left New Baltimore to Gainesville Station - 6 miles, and then put up our tents.
[FS] On the 9th, we proceeded to Gainesville where we stayed several days.
{MS} Article #60

11/10/1862
[KK] Forenoon, had a parade. Afternoon, marching drills.
[FW] Letter #14
[ED] Letter #3

11/11/1862
[KK] I got a letter form my parents. On guard duty.
[ED] Letter #4

11/12/1862
[KK] Forenoon, guard duty. Afternoon, wrote a letter to my parents.
[AM] Letter #5

11/13/1862
[KK] We had six hours of marching drills.

11/14/1862
[KK] Marching practice and general inspection. I asked for orders to go to (? honismaker - possibly a tent fixer).
[FW] Letter #15

11/15/1862
[KK] Forenoon, we packed logs for the tents. Afternoon, we were on cattle guard.
[FW] Letter #16
{WP} Article #14

11/16/1862 Sunday
[KK] Forenoon, cattle guard. Afternoon, received rations for three days and marching orders. Jacob Heipp resigned.
[FW] Letter #17
[AM] Letter #6

11/17/1862
[KK] In the morning at 6:30 am, we got ready to march, but did not march. The Seventy-fifth Pennsylvania regiment and two pieces of artillery had to chase away rebels who were going to destroy the railroad.

11/18/1862
[KK] At 6:00 am, we marched to Centerville - 10 miles. Rained. Six of us made a hut from a half roof, boards, and tents. Also, the telegraph was fixed that was destroyed by the rebels.
[FS] On the 18th we returned to Centerville and pitched a camp.

11/19/1862
[KK] We stayed here, we cleaned our rifles and it rained.
[AM] Letter #7
[AM] Letter #8

11/20/1862
It rained and I wrote a letter to my parents. Centerville was surrounded with trenches. It is only a very small town. The hospital was in the church. Four brigades lie in this town.

11/21/1862
[KK] We went for four miles to get straw from an eighty-year-old farmer. He had 500 acres.
[FW] Letter #18

11/22/1862
[KK] Washday and letter to parents.

11/23/1862 Sunday
[KK] Forenoon, inspection. Afternoon, went again to front guard duty. I, together with three men, had to guard a barn with hay, and also had to check the pass on that street. The password was "Springfield".
[FW] Letter #19

11/24/1862
[KK] Forenoon, in the front guard line again. Afternoon, we got lodge tents with split logs for floors.

11/25/1862
[KK] Jacob Heipp went home. We got bricks and stones. We got marching orders for three days.

11/26/1862
[KK] I got a shirt, underpants, and socks from the government. Cold day.
{MS} Article #61

11/27/1862
[KK] We put up our tent and made a chimney and a fireplace.
{WD} Article #7
[AM] Letter #9

11/28/1862
[KK] Forenoon, we had target shooting, and stopped to get ready to go to the front for guard duty. Afternoon, we had the guard duty in the front. The password was "Corinth".

11/29/1862
[KK] Forenoon, we were in the front. We saw the wooden cannons that frightened McClellen so much. Afternoon, I got a letter from my parents and I finished the chimney.
[AM] Letter #10
{CT} Article #1

11/30/1862 Sunday
[KK] Forenoon, inspection and someone died of nerve fever in company A.
[FW] Letter #20

12/1/1862
[KK] Darned some clothing.

12/2/1862
[KK] At 2:00 am we got ready to attack, but nothing came of it. Also, Lewis Grosshans, also known as Padro Schnorrenburg, shot himself in the leg with his own revolver. It was target practice.

12/3/1862
[KK] Forenoon, we drilled. Afternoon, cattle guard.
[FW] Letter #21

12/4/1862
[KK] Forenoon, cattle guard. Afternoon, I went to get firewood.
{MS} Article #62

12/5/1862
[KK] Forenoon, drill. Afternoon, I got a newspaper from Abram Baer. After, wrote him a letter. Snow, cold day.

12/6/1862
[KK] Wrote a letter to Housmann. Cold day.

12/7/1862 Sunday
[KK] Afternoon, advance guard duty (?cassel). Very cold night.
[AM] Letter #11

12/8/1862
[KK] Forenoon, advance guard duty. Afternoon, received a letter from parents and answered our Captain left,(?) finished his duty.
[AM] Letter #12

12/9/1862
[KK] Forenoon, drill. Afternoon, marching orders. Big tents were taken down and taken away.
[AM] Letter #13

12/10/1862
[KK] Morning at 5:00 we received rations for three days. Left to Fairfax Station - 12 miles.
[FS] On the 10th, we marched toward Fredericksburg. We reached Fairfax the same day.

12/11/1862
[KK] We went on for 14 miles. Evening at eight, we came to our camp.
[FS] On the 11th, we continued and marched far into the night.

12/12/1862
[KK] Morning at 4:00 we received half rations for two days. Went on for 10 miles. I had to guard the wagons and help get the wagons unstuck. At 11:00 pm we got to our camp.
[FS] On the 12th, we arrived in Dumfries where we rested the entire following day.

12/13/1862
[KK] At night I had to guard the wagon. At 7:00 am we went on. After 5:00, we met up with our regiment, which was lying in the vicinity of Dumfries.

[KK] 12/14/1862 Sunday
We received five crackers and we had to continue for 10 miles until 8:00 pm. Reviewed letters from parents. We marched through Dumfries, which was a nice town, but it is now fully destroyed.
[FS] On the 14th we attacked Stafford Courthouse.

12/15/1862
[KK] We went on 3 miles to Brooks Station, where we received rations for two days and went on for 9 miles.
[FS] On the 15th we reached Falmouth. The battle at Fredericksburg raged for 5 days, but just when we attacked it was ended and our division was withdrawn and ...

12/16/1862
[KK] Captain Pizzala took company C.
[AM] Letter #14

12/17/1862
[KK] We went back to Stafford C. H. - 14 miles.
[FS] ... we returned to Stafford Courthouse on the 17th, where we broke camp.

12/18/1862
[KK] We didn't go anywhere. I wrote a letter to my parents. I received bandages from J. Wagner.
[FW] Letter #22

12/19/1862
[KK] General inspection, I made a chimney for Captain Pizzala.

12/20/1862
[KK] Did nothing. Cold day.
[AM] Letter #15

12/21/1862
[KK] My birthday. In forward guard. The word was "Jerusalem". The guards were very far apart.
[AM] Letter #16

12/22/1862
[KK] Forenoon: Forward guard. Afternoon, Conrad Mack died. Wrote a letter to my parents. I received a letter from Jacob Hert and a newspaper from Abram Baer.
[ED] Letter #5

12/23/1862
[KK] Forenoon, marching drills. Afternoon, buried Conrad Mack. I commanded the funeral persuasion.
[FW] Letter #23

12/24/1862
[KK] I borrowed a dollar form Jacob Ritger. Received a letter from my parents and Jacob Wagner. Evening, received a show by General Schurz, and forty tambours serenaded him.

12/25/1862 Christmas
[KK] I bought cookies for a half dollar and received a box of crackers for Christmas. Wrote a letter to my parents and Jacob Wagner.
[CW] Letter #4

12/26/1862
[KK] Drilled. Bought half a pound of butter for 30 cents.

12/27/1862
[KK] Wash day and guard duty.

12/28/1862 Sunday
[KK] Guard duty. Wrote a letter to John Biederbeck. Afternoon, our 75th regiment had to go six miles for reconnaissance, and came back in the evening.
[AM] Letter #17

12/29/1862
[KK] Drill. Wrote to Jacob Hert.

12/30/1862
[KK] Our company went to picket, except me.

12/31/1862
[KK] Drill. Got a letter from my parents. Also received whiskey and molasses.

1/1/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to my parents and got another newspaper from Abram Baer.
[FW] Letter #24
[AM] Letter #18
[CW] Letter #5

1/2/1863
[KK] We cut logs with an axe and we blocked up a house.
{WD} Article #8

1/3/1863
[KK] Our company again went to picket and I stayed back to make a fireplace for our Lieutenant.
{MS} Article #63

1/4/1863
[KK] I am helping blocking a house up for our Lieutenant.
[FW] Letter #25
[FW] Letter #26

1/5/1863
[KK] In the morning, orderly John Crowley died. We chinked the house and stared the chimney. Afternoon, we had a battalion drill and buried John Crowley. The orders were given by John Horn and we shot three rounds.
{MS} Article #64

1/6/1863
[KK] We finished the chimney and the house and received a letter from Abram Baer.
[AM] Letter #19
[AM] Letter #20

1/7/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to Abram Baer.

1/8/1863
[KK] Made a chimney for our Captain.
{MS} Article #65
{MH} Article #2

1/9/1863
[KK] Made a chimney for Captain Boebel.
[AM] Letter #21

1/10/1863
[KK] I became Sergeant. Evening, we had a joyful time and drank alot.

1/11/1863 Sunday
[KK] I got a letter from Jacob Wagner and Fred Dowlend and one from my parents who sent three dollars. One dollar pay back to John Ritger.

1/12/1863
[KK] Wrote to Jacob Wagner and Fred Dowlend. Our company (Verbing ?).

1/13/1863
[KK] Drilled in Forenoon. Afternoon, picket. Password was "Kentucky". Evening, some one arrived in my line who wanted to visit a sick friend in Dumfries and it looked like M. Cracken. This man stayed the night with my reserve. Also, one of the guards became sick one quarter hour before his relief came.
[FW] Letter #27

1/14/1863
[KK] In the morning I sent two men home, the German gave him some of my coffee and crackers. When I came back at noon, there was Nic Immel and Conrad Fenzel. They came to visit and we had a great time.

1/15/1863
[KK] Conrad and Nic went back to their regiment. We waited to come along but couldn't get a pass.
[AM] Letter #22

1/16/1863
[KK] Wrote to H. Wendelborn.
[FW] Letter #28

1/17/1863
[KK] Didn't do anything. It was a cold day.
[ED] Letter #6

1/18/1863 Sunday
[KK] Forenoon, inspection. Afternoon, me and John Remmel got orders, along with twenty men, to get ready for a march in the morning.
[CW] Letter #6

1/19/1863
[KK] In the morning, 5:00 am, we marched ten miles, to Bell Plains (right), to erect a hospital there. Afternoon, had to erect tents with ten men from company H. Also, two steam ships arrived with sick men.
[FW] Letter #29

1/20/1863
[KK] Erected tents. Again two steam ships of sick men, of which, six had already died.
[FW] Letter #30

1/21/1863
[KK] Put trenches around the tents.
[FW] Letter #31

1/22/1863
[KK] I had them carry beds. Afternoon, Aquia Creek Landing (right), where we slept in the warehouse.

1/23/1863
[KK] We went back to our regiment that advanced two miles.

1/24/1863
[KK] Advanced four miles.
[FW] Letter #32

1/25/1863 Sunday
[KK] We didn't do anything.

1/26/1863
[KK] We went three miles. General Sigel rode by on his horse and asked us if there was enough groceries.

1/27/1863
[KK] Again to Hartwood Church (right), ten miles. It rained the whole day.
[FS] On the 27th we approached Beria Church.
{MS} Article #66

1/28/1863
[KK] Again we didn't move. Cold weather with snow.

1/29/1863
[KK] Went on guard by the Brigadier Headquarters and signed for pay roll and got a songbook from my brother.
[AM] Letter #23

1/30/1863
[KK] Forenoon, guard. Rusco stabbed a scout to death, he was tied, close to General Schurz's headquarters. He was ordered to do this. Afternoon, got our pay. I got thirty-three dollars.
[AM] Letter #24

1/31/1863
[KK] I got a letter from my parents with five dollars, and Abram Baer with four steel pens. I finished our chimney.
[AM] Letter #25

2/1/1863 Sunday
[KK] I wrote a letter to my parents and Abram Baer, and received one from Herman Zipp.
[FW] Letter #33

2/2/1863
[KK] I got a newspaper from Abram Baer and a letter from John Biederbeck and wrote to Herman Zipp and Biederbeck.
[ED] Letter #7

2/3/1863
[KK] I was on forward guard. I took a deserter as prisoner, from the 103rd New York regiment. Word was "Antietam".

2/4/1863
[KK] Forenoon, forward guard. Gave the deserter to the Provost Marshal. Cold night.
[FW] Letter #34

2/5/1863
[KK] Night at 12:00am, we had to get up to receive our rations. Marched at 8:00 for six miles. Snowed. Evening, it started to rain for the whole night.
[FS] On the 5th we marched to Stafford Courthouse for winter quarters.

2/6/1863
[KK] Went for ten miles near Brooks Station.

2/7/1863
[KK] Rested
[AM] Letter #26

2/8/1863
[KK] Sunday inspection - wrote letter to my parents

2/9/1863
[KK] Put the house on blocks again.

2/10/1863
[KK] Chinked the house.

2/11/1863
[KK] Made chimney and fireplace

2/12/1863
[KK] Forward post three miles away. Word was quote "shum."

2/13/1863
[KK] Forenoon, on pickets.
[FW] Letter #35

2/14/1863
[KK] Inspection and wash day.
{WP} Article #15

2/15/1863 Sunday.
[KK] Rainy weather.

2/16/1863
[KK] Forenoon, had drill. Afternoon, inspection from Hooker (right), Sigel, Schurz, Krzyzanowski and got a letter from parents.
[AM] Letter #27

2/17/1863
[KK] It snowed.

2/18/1863
[KK] Rained and got a newspaper from my brother.
{WP} Article #18

2/19/1863
[KK] Did nothing.

2/20/1863
[KK] Got a letter from my parents.
[FW] Letter #36
[AM] Letter #28

2/21/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to my parents and I built a portal (arch) to honor and marched through.

2/22/1863 Sunday
[KK] Snowed. Washington's Birthday.

2/23/1863
[KK] Cold day. Received letter from parents.
[ED] Letter #8

2/24/1863
[KK] Wrote to Karl Schmidt.

2/25/1863
[KK] Wrote to parents
[AM] Letter #29

2/26/1863
[KK] I was on forward guard, word was "bath." Rained terribly.

2/27/1863
[KK] I was on forward guard. Afternoon, got a letter from my parents.
[AM] Letter #30
[AM] Letter #31

2/28/1863
[KK] One from Company B shot himself through the head because of uncleanliness (unclear).
{WP} Article #17

3/1/1863 Sunday
[KK] Wrote to parents and sent five dollars. Then Mustering.

3/2/1863
[KK] Washday.

3/3/1863
[KK] I wrote a letter to John Hebluser and drilled.

3/4 /1863
[KK] On Division guard.

3/5/1863
[KK] Division guard. Got a letter from home.

3/6/1863
[KK] Wrote to parents. Got one from Herman Zipp.

3/7/1863
[KK] I had myself photographed. Martin Armo was here for a visit.
[CW] Letter #8
[AM] Letter #32
[AM] Letter #33
{WP} Article #19

3/8/1863
[KK] Went to visit the 5th Regiment.
{MS} Article #67

3/9/1863
[KK] Went to visit the 6th Regiment.

3/10/1863
[KK] Went back to our regiment.
[FW] Letter #37

3/11/1863
[KK] I got a letter and newspaper from my parents.

3/12/1863
[KK] I sent a letter and the picture to my parents. We drilled.
[FW] Letter #38
[FW] Letter #39
[AM] Letter #34
{MS} Article #68

3/13/1863
[KK] Drill.

3/14/1863
[KK] I went to "Vertinge" duty. Got a letter from John Heldiser and answered it.

3/15/1863 Sunday
[KK] Had inspection and dress parade.
[FW] Letter #40

3/16/1863
[KK] On "Vertinge" duty. A road was built from trees.

3/17/1863
[KK] Forward duty. Grand reserve number one the word was "London."
[FW] Letter #41

3/18/1863
[KK] Our outpost number three, counter sign was "Warsaw." I got a letter from Jacob Wagner.
{MS} Article #69

3/19/1863
[KK] Picket number three, counter sign was "Lisbon."
[FS]On the 19th we were visited by Wisconsin Governor Edward Solomon. Following our stay at Stafford Courthouse we were assigned General Howard as the head of our corps.

3/20/1863
[KK] I got a letter and newspaper from parents and answered.
[FW] Letter #42

3/21/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to Jacob Wagner.

3/22/1863 Sunday
[KK] Wrote a letter to Jacob Hert and I got a letter from my parents and answered it.
[FW] Letter #43

3/23/1863
[KK] Drilled and wrote a letter to Henry Lemke.
[AM] Letter #35

3/24/1863
[KK] Drilled. We exercised and our lieutenant gave us wine and we had an enjoyable day.

3/25/1863
[KK] Drilled. Corporal Alfred Cassell died.

3/26/1863
[KK] Buried Corporal Cassell. Snowed. Got a letter from John Heldmeier. Newspaper from my brother.

3/27/1863
[KK] Forenoon, general inspection and afternoon drill.
[FS] On the 27th we started our summer campaign under General Hooker. After 2 days of marching we arrived at the river.

3/28/1863
[KK] Drill and wrote to John Heldmeier. Rained.
[FW] Letter #44

3/29/1863 Palm Sunday
[KK] Forward duty, guard reserve number two, picket number three, outpost number one, counter sign was "Frederick."

3/30/1863
[KK] On reserve. Got a letter and newspaper from my parents and it snowed heavily.

3/31/1863
[KK] On picket. Afternoon, we were relieved by our lieutenant and everyone received a glass of beer from him.

4/1/1863
[KK] I wrote a letter to my parents and Germany.
[FW] Letter #45
[AM] Letter #36

4/2/1863
[KK] Drilled. I sent crackers and bacon to William Gant.
[AM] Letter #40

4/3/1863
[KK] Forenoon, day drill. Afternoon, review with General Howard who got the command of the 11th Corps from Sigel.
[FW] Letter #41
[AM] Letter #41

4/4/1863
[KK] Wash day. Sent a letter and newspaper to parents.
[AM] Letter #42

4/5/1863 Easter Sunday
[KK] Snowed.
[FW] Letter #47

4/6/1863 Easter Monday.
[KK] Got a letter and newspaper from parents.
[AM] Letter #44

4/7/1863
[KK] Wrote letter to parents. Target shooting.
{MS} Article #70

4/8/1863
[KK] Election. 47 democrats, 5 republican in our company. I was the election clerk. Received a letter and newspaper from parents.
[FW] Letter #48

4/9/1863
[KK] Target shooting. Drill.
[FW] Letter #49

4/10/1863
[KK] A review for President Lincoln. He is a long, thin and haggard man. He had ten women and a large amount of officers. Received a 25 gun salute. Afternoon, mustering. Received a letter from Henry Lemke.
[FS] On the 10th our company was reviewed by President A. Lincoln. (this entry was marked 3/10/63 and conflicts with Karl's entry.)

4/11/1863
[KK] Wash day. Wrote a letter to parents, Henry Lemke, and Herman Zipp.
[FW] Letter #50
{MS} Article #71

4/12/1863 Sunday
[KK] Forenoon, general inspection. Afternoon, dress parade. Letter from Herman Zipp.
[AM] Letter #45
[AM] Letter #46
[ED] Letter #9

4/13/1863
[KK] Forward guard, grand guard number one, countersign "Norfolk." Weather nice.

4/14/1863
[KK] Forward guard, countersign "Dumfries." Night started to rain.
[ED] Letter #10

4/15/1863
[KK] Forenoon, at 10 am rained the whole day.
{MS} Article #72

4/16/1863
[KK] Got a letter and newspaper from parents and answered it.

4/17/1863
[KK] Forenoon, drill. Afternoon, had to learn signals and it was nice weather.
[AM] Letter #47
[AM] Letter #48

4/18/1863
[KK] Maneuvers. Afternoon, on camp guard and the weather was warm.

4/19/1863
[KK] Forenoon, on guard. Afternoon, on review for Governor Salomon. Warm weather.
[FW] Letter #51

4/20/1863
[KK] Rainy weather. Got a letter from Jacob Hert.
[AM] Letter #49

4/21/1863
[KK] Answered Jacob Hert. Afternoon, brigade guard. Warm weather.

4/22/1863
[KK] Brigade guard. Wrote to Pay Bollswater. Weather warm.

4/23/1863
[KK] We were on camp guard. It rained.

4/24/1863
[KK] Camp guard. Rained very heavily.

4/25/1863
[KK] Got money. Paid up to March. Received fifty-nine dollars. Also received money that I have lent to others. Letter and newspaper from parents. Sent sixty dollars to parents through Adams Express.

4/26/1863 Sunday
[KK] Inspection. Received marching orders. Warm weather
[FW] Letter #52

4/27/1863
[KK] Received rations for eight days. Left at 5 am two miles behind Hardwood Church, eighteen miles. Warm.

4/28/1863
[KK] Left at 4 am. After sixteen miles we rested. Went on. At night, 11:30 p.m. we went across the Rappahonock River. The whole night through to morning of 4 am. In evening our lieutenant had words for the captain. Lieutenant took his saber off. Captain straightened things out, marched another six miles. Raining.
[FS] We crossed the Rappahanock the same evening and marched on the other side the entire night until morning.

4/29/1863
[KK] Forenoon, forward guard. Thirty paces from my reserve. There was a small fighting between our cavalry and guerillas. One of ours was killed and one was wounded and one was taken prisoner. Two guerillas were taken prisoner. Afternoon, continued to march 14 miles to the Rapidan, where the 12th Corps got several hundred prisoners who were building a bridge for Stonewall Jackson. Night at 11 p.m. went over Rapidan and three miles beyond.
[FS] On the 29th, we stopped for a rest. Here our cavalry had a skirmish with the enemy and put him to rout. At 9 o'clock we proceeded and in the evening we reached the river Rappid Ann and crossed it the same night.

4/30/1863
[KK] Morning, rested. Afternoon, we marched ten miles and it rained.
[FS] On the 30th, we arrived at Wilderness Church.

5/1/1863
[KK] Forenoon, did nothing. Afternoon, we moved over 1/2 miles to the left where the rebels attacked us. We were on the outer right wing of the line of combat and had our position behind a hill. The bombs flew above us and next to us. Evening, the 33rd Massachusetts Regiment made a bayonet attack and captured a cannon. We had one wounded. The 29th New York had one wounded through a bomb. At night we built rifle pits for the 29th New York and we were lying on the plank road.
[FS] At noon on the 1st of May the shell fire began at Chancellorsville. We formed up into battle lines; our regiment moved straight to Wilderness Church; our front was in the south, our division defended the right flank. On our side the firing continued throughout the night, whereas the enemy responded only sporadically.
[FW] Letter #53

5/2/1863 (Chancellorsville Day 1)
[KK] Forenoon, nothing happened. Afternoon, we changed our position and went to a hill right behind the woods. Our skirmishers positioned ourselves in the woods. Around 5 p.m the battle started. I was drinking coffee, the Rebels had gone around us and we received orders, after a short skirmish to go back. We lost through death 12: Cpt. C. Pizzala, Corporals H. Guenther, J. Weinand, G. Rusco, Privates, R. Daily, J. Dixheimer, J. Steinmetz, J. Schmidt, C. Vetter, Franz Zilsdorf, and M. Zoeger; wounded 16: Sergt. H. Blenker, Corporals F. Guenther, A. Fullerton, Privts. M. Abbott, F. Disller, Ch. Fenz, J. Knobel, H. Miller, F. Schaefer, P. Ullwelling, J. Meier, R. Templeton, P. Dellenbach, G. Emmet;t, P. Ripplinger, and M. Shupp; missing: J. Lauermann, taken prisoners 3: Orderly W. Satter, Privates N. Allen, E. Smith, Total 32 out of 65
[FS] On the 2nd, our division moved the front to the west, our regiment on the right flank. Vanguards were sent into the forest which stretched approximately 100 feet in front of us. Around 6 o'clock they were attacked by the rebels and heavy shooting began. The arrays of enemy stormed forward, following close upon the heels of our vanguards. The latter gradually began forming battle lines. Hard on their heels the enemy wallowed from the forest throwing in our lines the deadly fire. We paid them back in their own coin. At first it seemed as if the rebels were giving in, but then they attacked us so violently that we could not hold against their attacks. Three times we retreated and then again faced them. Finally disorder broke out in our weakened lines and we began to run in full flight. But soon we rallied again and formed into lines at Chancellorsville. We had lost approximately 200 men [dead, wounded, taken prisoner].

5/3/1863 Sunday (Chancellorsville Day 2)
[KK] Morning, fresh troops came and the battle began again. The Rebels were pressed back and prisoners were made.
[FS] On the 3rd, at 4 o'clock in the morning, we were transferred to the left flank at U.S. Ford ...
[AM] Letter #50

5/4/1863 (Chancellorsville Day 3)
[KK] Advanced our positions behind a hill and we were to protect a battery. I became acting orderly and had to write out the report of our losses. Noon, advance somewhat to the right and received fresh rations. Evening, changed our position and advanced somewhat.
[FW] Letter #54

5/5/1863
[KK] We kept our position. It rained terribly. Twelve at night we got into the rifle pits.

5/6/1863
[KK] Morning, 4 am we marched back over the Rappahonock. From there to Stafford Courthouse. Twenty miles to our old quarters.
[FS] ... and stayed there until the 6th. Then we marched back to Stafford Courthouse where we arrived in the evening.

5/7/1863
[KK] Didn't do much, it rained.
[FW] Letter #55
[AM] Letter #50

5/8/1863
[KK] Got a letter from Jacob Wagner and wrote to parents.
[FW] Letter #56

5/9/1863
[KK] I got a letter and newspaper from parents and wrote to Jacob Wagner. Our clothing was inspected and we had to write down what was lost in the battle.
{MS} Article #73
{CT} Article #2

5/10/1863 Sunday
[KK] Inspection. Warm weather.

5/11/1863
[KK] I made out the muster and payrolls and the discipline list. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #57
[AM] Letter #51

5/12/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to parents. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #58

5/13/1863
[KK] Made a list of lost equipment.
[ED] Letter #11

5/14/1863
[KK] Letter and newspaper from parents and made out the discipline list.
[FW] Letter #59

5/15/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to the father of Jacob Weisand. Got our marching orders.
[FS] On the 15th, we moved our camp closer to Brook Station.
{MP} Article #3

5/16/1863
[KK] Morning, 6 am, marched one mile. I commanded the company because the lieutenant was sick. We took down the tents.
{WP} Article #20

5/17/1863
[KK] Inspection. Letter to parents.
[FW] Letter #60

5/18/1863
[KK] Letter and newspaper from parents. C. Vetter died and was buried.
[FW] Letter #61

5/19/1863
[KK] Drill. I drilled the company.
[AM] Letter #52

5/20/1863
[KK] General inspection. Wrote to parents.
[FW] Letter #62
{MW} Article #1

5/21/1863
[KK] Made out muster and payroll. Drilled the company very strongly.
[CW] Letter #9

5/22/1863
[KK] I wrote to John Meier. Drilled company but had a good time.

5/23/1863
[KK] My birthday. Wash day.
[AM] Letter #53
{MS} Article #74
{CT} Article #3
{SE} Article #2

5/24/1863
[KK] Inspection.

5/25/1863
[KK] Letter from Jacob Wagner and answered. There was a letter from Nic Young and Weinand, and I wrote to P. Immel.

5/26/1863
[KK] Forenoon, drill. Afternoon, review from General Howard.

5/27/1863
[KK] Drill. Got letter from Jacob Wagner and answered.

5/28/1863
[KK] Drill. Letter from John Meier.
[ED] Letter #12
{WP} Article #21

5/29/1863
[KK] Drill.
{MS} Article #75

5/30/1863
[KK] Signed for payroll and got a letter from Reinhardt Schneph and answered.

5/31/1863 Sunday
[KK] Inspection. Wrote to John Meier.
[AM] Letter #54

6/1/1863
[KK] Washday. Wrote to parents.
{MS} Article #76

6/2/1863
[KK] Drilled and paid for two months.

6/3/1863
[KK] Received a letter from parents and answered.
[FW] Letter #63

6/4/1863
[KK] Letter from John Bedlebeck.

6/5/1863
[KK] Got a letter from parents and Weinant. Evening, strong cannon thunder on our front which lasted several hours.
{MS} Article #77

6/6/1863
[KK] Wash day. Letter to my parents and Weinant.

6/7/1863 Sunday
[KK] Inspection. Letter to Abram Baer.
[AM] Letter #55

6/8/1863
[KK] Nothing happened.

6/9/1863
[KK] Letter and newspaper sent to my parents.

6/10/1863
[KK] Drill and letter from John Meier.

6/11/1863
[KK] Drilled. Received marching orders.
[FW] Letter #64

6/12/1863
[KK] Left at noon and marched twelve miles near Barea Church.
[FS] On the 12th, we left Brook Station and reached Weaversville on the creek Cider Run in the evening. Here we spent the night.
[FW] Letter #65

6/13/1863
[KK] Morning at 3 a.m. we went on to Beaverville, 22 miles. Noon, rest for two hours, very hot.
[FS] On the 13th, we crossed the creeks Broad Run and Bull Run and reached Centerville in the evening. Here we rested three days.

6/14/1863 Sunday
[KK] We went on till the evening, 10 p.m., 24 miles. We positioned close to Centerville. Got a letter from brother.

6/15/1863
[KK] Morning, we went on through Centerville along the Gainesville road, 4 miles. But we could have reached the place in 1/4 mile. We didn't do much less that day and visited Herman Zipp.
[FW] Letter #66

6/16/1863
[KK] Our brigade was put on forward guard and we were positioned on Bull Run River in the woods.

6/17/1863
[KK] Morning at 2 am we went on. We marched 28 miles to Goose Creek, 5 miles this side of Leesburg. Terrible heat, some had sunstroke.
[FS] On the 17th, we proceeded and arrived the same day at Goose Creek and stayed there for six days.

6/18/1863
[KK] Got up at 4 am, started marching at 9 only two miles. Positioned ourselves in a battle line. Nothing happened that day and it rained in the evening.
[FW] Letter #67

6/19/1863
[KK] Nothing happened and it rained.

6/20/1863
[KK] Nothing happened and it rained.

6/21/1863 Sunday
[KK] Company built up. I bought a revolver from John Remmel.
[FW] Letter #68

6/22/1863
[KK] I received two letters and two newspapers from my parents.
[AM] Letter #56
[AM] Letter #57
[ED] Letter #13

6/23/1863
[KK] Letter to my parents.
[AM] Letter #58
{MS} Article #78

6/24/1863
[KK] Forenoon, marched to Edward's Ferry, eight miles.
[AM] Letter #59

6/25/1863
[KK] Morning at 3 am left for Jefferson, Maryland, 24 miles, it rained.
[FS] On the 25th, we crossed the Potomac, proceeded into Maryland and turned to a hill not far from the Potomac River. At noon we crossed the Monocacy River at Nollance Fort and, toward evening, arrived in Jeffersonville.

6/26/1863
[KK] Afternoon, we went to Middletown, eight miles. It rained somewhat.
[FS] On the 26th, we marched to Middletown and rested there the entire following day.
[FW] Letter #69

6/27/1863
[KK] Nothing happened. Received letter from Jacob Heipp and answered.

6/28/1863 Sunday
[KK] Left at noon, went to Frederick, 12 miles. Arrived at 11 p.m. and Frederick had twenty towers and looked half the size of Milwaukee and some rain.
[FS] On the 28th, we arrived in Fredrick City.

6/29/1863
[KK] Left at 5 a.m to Emmetsburg. Twenty-four miles. It rained strongly.
[FS] On the 29th, we proceeded via Utica and Creagerstown and arrived in the evening at Emittsburg.
[FW] Letter #70

6/30/1863
[KK] Went for two miles, layed still. Got a letter from Jacob Wagner and sent one to E.G. Best.
[AM] Letter #60
[FS] Here we spent the 30th resting.
[FW] Letter #71
[AM] Letter #55

7/1/1863 (Gettysburg Day 1)
[KK] Forenoon, we went to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, sixteen miles. Marched ten miles without rest. Afternoon, 4:00 p.m. we went into the battle behind the town in a wheat field. We had to face a strong artillery fire until our artillery came in to make them stop. Then we had to face a small (musket) gun fire. After half hour we got orders to withdraw because the enemy was too strong. We retreated before the town to a cemetery, stopped and positioned behind a stone fence until we got reinforcement which came during the night. Our losses in Company G were 25 men in 33 men: Corp. George Koehler, Corp. and Colobearer J. Rilger, Privates F. Fritz, P. Kuhn, N. Young, F. Zilsdorf; wounded: H. Fuerstenberg, Sergt. J. Schultz, Corps. John Walter, H. Mueller, Privts. G. Dellenbach, B. Daul, J. Filling, C. Frenz, Ch. Frienz, Ch. Hapemann, J. Heinz, W. Hughes, G. Metzner, G. Schultz, H. Stubanus, J. Weidemann, P. Walters; missing Prvt. J. Cervlson; Prisoners: Privt. H. Starg, I received six ball holes through my rubber.
[FS] On the 1st, early in the morning, our corps left Emmitsburg and marched to Gettysburg where our army met the enemy. We fought a bloody battle. I and Jozef Smrcek did not participate in this first encounter. On the 30th of June, we were on outpost duty. Because of the speedy departure of our brigade the outposts remained behind and we joined the regiment not until evening. At that time the encounter was over. Jozef Zbytovsky was wounded in this battle.

7/2/1863 (Gettysburg Day 2)
[KK] Forenoon, regrouped. Afternoon, at 4 p.m. rebels started to attack us until 10 p.m. but it was repelled with heavy losses. Heavy artillery fire was kept up the whole time and it rained somewhat.
[FS] On the 2nd, we had to endure a violent shell fire. It began at 2:30 and lasted far into the night. The shells fell like peas on our heads. During the night the rebels stormed the first division which was standing to the right of us but were driven back at great casualties.

7/3/1863 (Gettysburg Day 3)
[KK] Artillery fire opened the day, whereby the rebels threw a lot of bombs to our lines. We were lucky because they did not explode. Also, the rebels made several desperate attacks but they were thrown back every time with heavy losses. At night they left our position and in file. It rained somewhat.
[FS] In the morning of July 3rd, the enemy resumed the shell fire which lasted until 10 o'clock. Then there was only scatters of shooting. The outposts were under permanent fire. At noon the cannonade began again and lasted until 4 o'clock. At the same time the rebels stormed our entire line but were driven back. They suffered heavy casualties; many were taken prisoner. The night was quiet and the enemy retreated. Thus, the next day we had command over the battlefield.

7/4/1863
[KK] Everything is quiet. Our regiment had to go two miles as skirmishers. Made forty prisoners without firing a shot.
[FS] On the 4th, our cavalry began to pursue the enemy ...
[FW] Letter #72

7/5/1863 Sunday
[KK] Our captain came to visit our wounded. We also marched six miles in the evening. It rained.
[FS] ... and we followed on the 5th in the afternoon.

7/6/1863
[KK] We went to Emmetsburg, Maryland, ten miles.
[FS] Retreating, we arrived in the afternoon of the 6th of July in Emmitsburg.
[FW] Letter #73
[CW] Letter #10

7/7/1863
[KK] Morning at 3 am. left to Middletown, 37 miles. We stopped at 11 p.m at night. It rained strongly.
[FS] On the 7th we marched toward Middletown ...

7/8/1863
[KK] Forenoon, we didn't do anything. It rained. Afternoon, we went to Boonsbourgh where there were still rebels but withdrew too fast when we attacked.
[FS] ... but we left this place already on the 8th at noon, and marched toward Bronsbors. During the whole day our cavalry had skirmishes with the rebels, but we remained in reserve.
[FW] Letter #74

7/9/1863
[KK] We were relieved through the Sixth Corps. Went to reserves and wrote two letters to parents.

7/10/1863
[KK] 6 a.m. we marched six miles and wrote letter to Faisley and Weil.
[FS] On the 10th we advanced...
[FW] Letter #75

7/11/1863
[KK] Did nothing and I wrote to parents and received one.

7/12/1863
[KK] Marched six miles further to Funkstown.
[FS] ... and on the 12th we reached Hagerstown where we entrenched.
[FW] Letter #76

7/13/1863
[KK] We didn't march. Built fortification.
{MS} Article #79

7/14/1863
[KK] Went to Hagerstown, then Williamsport where the rebels went over the Potomac - eighteen miles.
[FS] On the 14th our corps was reinforced with new regiments, and the same day we moved toward Williamsport where we stayed overnight.
[FW] Letter #77
[CW] Letter #11

7/15/1863
[KK] Went back through Hagerstown to Middletown - thirty miles.
[FS] On the 15th we returned via Hagerstown to Middletown which we reached in the evening.

7/16/1863
[KK] Through Jefferson - sixteen miles.
[FS] On the 16th we proceeded via Jefferson to Berlin. There we had two days of rest.

7/17/1863
[KK] Started muster and payroll. Received a letter from Jacob Heipp.

7/18/1863
[KK] Finished muster and payroll.
[FW] Letter #78

7/19/1863 Sunday
[KK] Went through Berlin (right), over the Potomac, into Virginia - eighteen miles.
[FS] On the 19th we crossed the Potomac into Virginia and reached Goose Creek where we again had a rest of two days.

7/20/1863
[KK] Went on sixteen miles.

7/21/1863
[KK] Wrote a let to Jacob Heipp.
[FW] Letter #79

7/22 /1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to parents. Made out the monthly report.

7/23/1863
[KK] We went on through Middlesburg and Middplains to New Baltimore- thirty miles. Evening, our whole regiment went forward three miles, then two back. On the 23rd we marched toward New Baltimore ...
{MS} Article #80

7/24/1863
[KK] Morning, we had to go on to the cross road of New Salem and Warrenton where we were also on forward guard.
[FW] Letter #80

7/25/1863
[KK] Went on to Warrenton Junction - fourteen miles. Our regiment had to guard the wagon train.
[FS] ...but left this town on the 25th in order to continue to Warrentown Junction.
[FW] Letter #81

7/26/1863 Sunday
[KK] Made out the discipline list. Got a letter from parents and Christian Fremz.

7/27/1863
[KK] I wrote a letter to parents and Christian Fremz and Jacob Heinz.

7/28/1863
[KK] I got a letter form Jacob Heinz and we went on for two miles.
[FS] On the 28th we moved to Weaversville and ...
[CW] Letter #12

7/29/1863
[KK] Made out the quarterly of the ordinance store.

7/30/1863
[KK] Did nothing.
[FS] ... on the 30th we concentrated several miles south of it next to Cider Run.
[FW] Letter #82

7/31/1863
[KK] Made out the monthly and quarterly return of deceased soldiers. Wrote a letter to M. E. Cole of Cincinnati.
{MP} Article #4

8/1/1863
[KK] We went on for ten miles.
{WP} Article #22

8/2/1863 Sunday
[KK] Did not go any place. Built tents.
[FW] Letter #83

8/3/1863
[KK] Went back to Wierville and I got a letter from Peter Dellenbach.
[FS] On the 3rd we moved back to Weaversville and took our old positions.

8/4/1863
[KK] Made inventory of deceased soldiers. Signed payroll and wrote a letter to Abram Baer.
[FW] Letter #84
[ED] Letter #14

8/5/1863
[KK] Made out discipline list. Wrote a letter to Schultz in Iowa.

8/6/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to parents and John Bedlebech. Also sent back George Koehler letters.
[FS] On the 6th I was promoted to corporal.
[FW] Letter #85

8/7/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to Henry Lemke.
[FW] Letter #86

8/8/1863
[KK] I received the discipline roll for C. E. Cole and got a letter form Peter Walter.

8/9/1863 Sunday
[KK] Made out the quarterly return for clothing.

8/10/1863
[KK] I sold my revolver to William Wehe. Wrote a letter to Jacob Heinz, Peter Bedlebech, Peter Walter, and I made out the discipline list.
[FW] Letter #87

8/11/1863
[KK] I received and answered a letter from Martin Arno.

8/12/1863
[KK] Received a letter form parents and Jacob Heipp, and answered to parents.

8/13/1863
[KK] I picked up clothing and wrote a letter to Jacob Heipp.

8/14/1863
[KK] General inspection and received a letter form parents.

8/15/1863
[KK] Received marching orders and made out the discipline list.

8/16/1863 Sunday
[KK] Wrote a letter to parents. Inspection and guard the rail road near Warrenton Junction.

8/17/1863
[KK] Still on rail road guard.

8/18/1863
[KK] Morning, relieved and went to a fresh camp and built tents. Evening, went back to old camp.

8/19/1863
[KK] Did not move.
[AM] Letter #61

8/20/1863
[KK] Received a letter from Peter Dellenbech and answered.

8/21/1863
[KK] Received a letter from parents, Charles Hafemann and William Abel.

8/22/1863
[KK] Wrote letter to Charles Hafemann and William Able and received on form Abram Baer.

8/23/1863 Sunday
[KK] Wrote a letter to parents and Abram Baer, and received a letter form parents.
[FW] Letter #88

8/24/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to the West Bend Turners and I started muster and payroll.

8/25/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to parents. Went to Cattlet Station - two miles. Went to new camp and made tents.

8/26/1863
[KK] Received a letter from Jacob Wagner and Eugene Hook.

8/27/1863
[KK] Finished muster and payroll
[FS] On the 27th we moved in the vicinity of Cattlett Station.

8/28/1863
[KK] Made out the descriptive list.

8/29/1863
[KK] Wrote letters to Jacob Wagner and Eugene Hook.

8/30/1863
[KK] Received a letter from parents, also answered.
[AM] Letter #62

8/31/1863
[KK] Muster. Letter from Jacob Heipp and a newspaper form Charles Hafemann.

9/1/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to Jacob Hiepp and Charles Hafemann and received a photo of parents and brother, also Captain Fuerstenberg came back.
[FW] Letter #89

9/2/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to parents. Inspection and review for General Howard.
[FW] Letter #90

9/3/1863
[KK] Target shooting. Wrote a letter to John Reisse and received one from John Meier.

9/4/1863
[KK] Signed payroll. Sent a letter and W. P. to John Meier. Received a letter from parents.

9/5/1863
[KK] Wrote to parents
[FW] Letter #91

9/6/1863 Sunday
[KK] Received a letter from Charles Hafemann.

9/7/1863
[KK] We were paid.
[FS] On the 7th we moved our camp in the vicinity of Warrentown Junction and our assignment was to guard the railroads.
[ED] Letter #15

9/8/1863
[KK] Received a letter from William Abel on Monday. Made out the return list of clothing pieces.

9/9/1863
[KK] Received a letter form Charles Hafemann and the Turner Organization. Sent Thirty dollars to parents.

9/10/1863
[KK] Got my commission as orderly and made out the descriptive list. The camp again was changed. Wrote a letter to parents, Turner's and William Abel.

9/11/1863
[KK] Received a letter from parents and John Meier, and made out the monthly return of clothing.
[FW] Letter #92
[CW] Letter #13

9/12/1863
[KK] Made out the descriptive list. Sent newspaper to parents.

9/13/1863 Sunday
[KK] Received a letter from Jacob Heipp and Jacob Ritger, and also answered Jacob Ritger.

9/14/1863
[KK] Wrote to parents and Jacob Heipp.

9/15/1863
[KK] Received bandage (or cloth wrap) from parents. Picked up clothing. Target shooting.

9/16/1863
[KK] Noon, went to Rappahannock Station (right)- fourteen miles. Arrived at 10:00 in the evening.
[FS] On the 16th we moved toward Rappahanock Station. While there we worked in the fort called Jacobs.

9/17/1863
[KK] Went over the river. Built tents on the hills which was surrounded by rifle pits. Also received a letter from my parents and Abram Baer, and answered Abram Baer.
[FW] Letter #93

9/18/1863
[KK] One from Company F (Alois Koetzedinger of Manitowoc) drowned in the Rappahannock. Stormy. Wrote to parents.

9/19/1863
[KK] Received a letter from parents and John Meier.

9/20/1863 Sunday
[KK] Inspection.
[FW] Letter #94

9/21/1863
[KK] Target shooting. Cold night.

9/22/1863
[KK] Wrote to John Meier, Carl Wilket and Herman Zeipp.
[FW] Letter #95

9/23/1863
[KK] Changed camp again to Fort Diggs on the river. Built tents and got a letter from parents and answered it.
[FS] On the 23rd we undertook an expedition to the Army of the Cumberland. The same evening we left our camp and marched the whole night and ...

9/24/1863
[KK] Received marching orders. Evening, 10:30 through the whole night.
[FS] ... on the 24th we arrived at Manasas Junction where we boarded the train; the Ohio Central and Baltimore Railroad. In Belair we changed into another train, then again in Indianapolis. From Jeffersonville, Ind. we went by steamboat on the Ohio River to Louisville and from there by railroad to Nashville.

9/25/1863
[KK] Morning, to Warrenton Junction to Manassas - twenty-six miles, where we arrived in the afternoon at 5:00. Evening, we went into railroad cars and left at 9:00 p.m. Night at 12:00 we arrived in Alexandria.

9/26/1863
[KK] Morning at 2:00 at Washington, D.C. After 2:00 p.m. Harper's Ferry, (right) VA, which is almost all burnt down. Evening at 6:00, in Martinsburg where we received coffee and bread.

9/27/1863 Sunday
[KK] Morning at 8:00 in New Creek, Maryland, where we received morning sun. We passed through the day, we passed several tunnels, some quite long.
[AM] Letter #63

9/28/1863
[KK] Morning at 4:00 a.m. we went over the Ohio River at Belaire, Ohio. Afternoon, Zanesville, evening in Columbus.

9/29/1863
[KK] Forenoon, 10:00 a.m. in Indianapolis, Indiana.

9/30/1863
[KK] Morning in Jeffersonville, then we went on a boat to Louisville, KY.
[FW] Letter #96
[FW] Letter #97

10/1/1863
[KK] We went through several tunnels. Noon, in Nashville, TN (right).

10/2/1863
[KK] In Stevensville, AL. Forenoon, at 10:00 in Bridgeport, where we moved into the camp of Fort Deist near the Tenopa River. Along the road everything was destroyed.
[FS] On the 2nd we arrived at Bridgeport and pitched a camp.
[CW] Letter #14

10/3/1863
[KK] Didn't do much. Lay still and rested. In all of Bridgeport, not a house was to be seen.

10/4/1863 Sunday
[KK] Inspection. Wrote letter to parents.
[FS] On the 4th the guerrillas burned a bridge in the rear. That cut off our entire food supply.

10/5/1863
[KK] Everything quiet.

10/6/1863
[KK] Bought golden quilt from Henry Allen. Drill.

10/7/1863
[KK] Rainy weather.
[FW] Letter #98

10/8/1863
[KK] Drill. Warm weather.
[FS] On the 8th another band attacked the railroad and blocked the tunnel near Murfreesboro.
[FW] Letter #99

10/9/1863
[KK] Drill. Regimental inspection. Evening at 11:00 we received our marching orders and left right away.
[FS] On the 9th order was given to pursue the guerrillas. Our brigade boarded the train and drove up to the tunnel. Here we searched the surroundings but found nothing. We cleared the tunnel so that trains could pass it and returned to our camp.

10/10/1863
[KK] On the railroad. Through Stevenson to Cumberland Inlet. Tunneled where the rebels threw stones through the air holes. We had to remove stones and we guarded the tunnel that day, because the old guard left unauthorized. Evening, rode back after we were relieved.

[KK] 10/11 Sunday
Morning at 3:00 we were back at camp. I commanded the company because the lieutenant was sick.
[FW] Letter #100

10/12/1863
[KK] Our company was on forward guard.

10/13/1863
[KK] Strong rain weather the whole day.

10/14/1863
[KK] Strong rain weather and our camp was on patrol.
[FS] On the 14th we made an exploratory military survey of the enemy territory on the other side of the Tennessee River. We captured 4 bushwhacks, 3 rifles and 2 saddled horses. Late at night we returned to our camp.

10/15/1863
[KK] Rain weather requisitions were given out.
[FW] Letter #101

10/16/1863
[KK] Rainy weather. Wrote letter to parents. Made out monthly return.
[FW] Letter #102

10/17/1863
[KK] Rainy weather. Our company was on (?verting).
[CW] Letter #15

10/18/1863 Sunday
[KK] General inspection. Rain weather. Descriptive list on deserter William Salter.
[FW] Letter #103

10/19/1863
[KK] The company was on picket.
[FS] On the 19th we changed the camp.

10/20/1863
[KK] Built tents. Received company box.

10/21/1863
[KK] Stormy rain weather. Made out descriptive list.

10/22/1863
[KK] Rain weather. Made out quarterly return of ordnance return.
[AM] Letter #64 {End of Adam Muenzenberger's Letters}

10/23/1863
[KK] Morning at 5, we went on patrol, Shellmound, Ga. - ten miles. It was raining cats and dogs. We had to help rebuild the rail road bridge which was burned by the rebels. Also, we had to get a locomotive and several cars from the coal mine where the rebels tried to burn there. Also, I saw the famous Niggerjack Cave as well as the salt mines. Night, I and company was on forward guard.

10/24/1863
[KK] After 5, we arrived back at our camp. Rained some what.

10/25/1863 Sunday
[KK] Fixed tents. Made out the Descriptive list and received marching orders.
[FW] Letter #104

10/26/1863
[KK] The marching orders were postponed to the 27th. Made out muster and pay roll. Regimental inspection and got clothing.

10/27/1863
[KK] Morning, we marched sixteen miles. Evening at 6 we rested. This road went along the rail road. It was mountainous and bad.
[FS] On the 27th we left the camp and proceeded to Chattanooga.

10/28/1863 (Battle at Wauhatchie)
[KK] Marched fourteen miles to Lookout Valley. Afternoon at 3:00, we had a small skirmish. Our regiment was with the wagon train. Night at 1:00, the battle started. We immediately went forward. Stayed in the ravine and marched back and forth until the morning.
[FS] On the 28th we arrived at the mountain Lookout which was occupied by the rebels. Approximately at 2 o'clock in the afternoon our vanguard ran into the rebel outpost and heavy gunfight began. The rebels retreated to the mountain. When 5 passing the mountain the artillery opened heavy bombardment from the top of the mountain but no one was injured. We stopped at Lookout Valley. At 11 o'clock at night the rebels sneaked out and attacked the 12th corps. Our corps quickly formed battle lines and rushed to the rescue of the 12th corps. The rebels were defeated and chased into the mountains. Our regiment had 2 casualties. We remained in battle line until the 6th of November. The enemy bombarded us every day but did not cause any casualties.

10/29/1863
[KK] Morning at 6:00, we marched on along Lookout Mountain and received our position on the right wing. On the way there, we were bombarded down from Lookout Mountain, from which two men from Company E. were badly wounded. We built file pits and positioned ourselves behind them.

10/30/1863
[KK] Cold rainy weather

10/31/1863
[KK] Evening, we changed our position. It was very quiet.
[FW] Letter #105

11/1/1863
[KK] First, didn't do anything. As soon as anything moved, the rebels sent several bombs down. Still we were mustered.
[FW] Letter #106

11/2/1863
[KK] Again forward and we built rifle pits. Received three letters form parents, two from John Meier, and one from Jacob Heipp and from Christain Frenz.

11/3/1863
[KK] Got a letter from parents, and Carl Wilket, and built rifle pits.
[FW] Letter #107

11/4/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to my parents, Jacob Heipp, Carl Wilket, John Meier, Christian Frenz, and built rifle pits.
[AM]Letter #58
[AM]Letter #59

11/5/1863
[KK] Changed position closer to Lookout Mountain. Rain weather. Made out monthly returns and received rations.

11/6/1863
[KK] Our train had arrived.

11/7/1863
[KK] Finished the payroll. Made out requisition for clothing. Report that Joseph Schuh shot himself through the hand.

11/8/1863 Sunday
[KK] Wrote a letter to parents. Cold weather.
[FW] Letter #108
[ED] Letter #16

11/9/1863
[KK] Received clothing and built rifle pits. Cold.

11/10/1863
[KK] Quiet. Weather somewhat warmer.

11/11/1863
[KK] Our brigade went someplace. (Note: he didn't say where)

11/12/1863
[KK] Morning at 3:00, we came back and marched forty miles. No opposition. I "arrested" a goose. Signed pay roll and made out the descriptive list. (Note: "arrested" meant captured and ate.)
[FS] On the 12th we went on a forage expedition.
{MS} Article #81

11/13/1863
[KK] Nothing happened. Weather warm.

11/14/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to parents. Rain.

11/15/1863 Sunday
[KK] Inspection. Monthly return of clothing. Made out the camp garrison equipage.

11/16/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to Abram Baer. Our company built fortifications.

11/17/1863
[KK] We were paid for September and October. Made out monthly return of clothing and camp garrison equipage.

11/18/1863
[KK] Letter from parents. Warm weather.
[FW] Letter #109

11/19/1863
[KK] Letter from parents. Built tents. Warm weather.

11/20/1863
[KK] Inspection. Subscription of Frank Leslies.
[FW] Letter #110

11/21/1863
[KK] Wrote a letter to Roberts in Philadelphia.

11/22/1863 Sunday
[KK] Inspection. I was named to recruit. Forenoon at 11:00, we went to Hillies Landing and at 12:00 noon, we went with a boat to Browns Ferry.
[FS] On the 22nd we left Lookout Valley and moved to Chattanooga where we spent the night.
[FW] Letter #111

11/23/1863 (Battle at Missionary Ridge)
[KK] We came back at noon. Evening at 6:30, went to Bridgeport Alabama, night at 10:00, Stevenson, Alabama.
[FS] On the 23rd the battle of Missionary Ridge began. At noon we formed battle lines at Missionary Ridge where the bulk of rebels had taken position.

11/24/1863
[KK] Morning at 3:00, left Stevenson. Evening at 9:00, in Nashville. Took lodging in the Cosswith House.
[FS] On the 24th we advanced several feet. The same day Mount Lookout was seized.

-- Karl Karsten went on recruiting leave November 11, 1863, to March 23, 1864.

11/25/1863
[FS] On the 25th the center of the rebels was defeated. At noon our corps moved to the left flank to aid Sherman. There the enemy had concentrated his forces. The enemy was defeated everywhere and ...
[ED] Letter #18

11/26/1863
[FS] ... on the 26th, put to rout. We pursued him for 2 days.

11/28/1863
[FW] Letter #112

11/29/1863
[FS] On the 29th we marched to Knoxville in order to reinforce Burnside against Longstreet.

12/1/1863
[FS] On our march we passed through the following towns: Cleveland, Charlestown, Athens, Sweetwater and Philadelphia.

12/3/1863
[FW] Letter #113

12/5/1863
[FS] On the 5th we reached Louisville. This was the destination of our campaign. Since Longstreet retreated and Burnside did not need our support any longer we moved back ...

12/8/1863
[ED] Letter #19

12/10/1863
[FW] Letter #114

12/13/1863
[FW] Letter #115

12/14/1863
[FW] Letter #116

12/15/1863
[FW] Letter #117

12/16/1863
[FS] ... to Lookout Valley where we arrived on the 16th. Here we spent the rest of the year 1863 peacefully.

12/17/1863
[FW] Letter #118

12/19/1863
[FW] Letter #119
[CW] Letter #17

12/25/1863
[FW] Letter #120

12/27/1863
[FW] Letter #121

1/1/1864
[FW] Letter #122

1/6/1864
[FW] Letter #123

1/11/1864
{MS} Article #82

1/13/1864
[ED] Letter #20

1/15/1864
[FW] Letter #124

1/17/1864
[FW] Letter #125
[CW] Letter #18

1/24/1864
[FW] Letter #126
[CW] Letter #19

1/25/1864
[FS]On the 25th our corps was ordered to defend the railroad between Bridgeport and Chattanooga. At that time our corps was again attached to the 2nd brigade which was stationed at Whiteside Station. The 3rd brigade was discharged.
[FW] Letter #127

1/28/1864
{MS} Article #83

1/30/1864
[FW] Letter #128

2/3/1864
[FW] Letter #129

2/8/1864
[FW] Letter #130

2/10/1864
[FW] Letter #131

-- Frederick Buerstatte Diary begins.

2/12/1864
[FB] Tonight I volunteered for duty with the 26th Regiment Wis. Infantry Volunteers for 3 years or duration of the war.

2/21/1864
[ED] Letter #21

3/6/1864
[FB] I received a physical examination by the doctor at Camp Randall and was declared fit.

3/7/1864
[ED] Letter #22

3/15/1864
[FB] We were mustered into the service of the U.S.

-- Karl Karsten returns to the 26th Wis.

3/23/1864
[KK] Took over my job again. Quite cool. Sent letter to parents and Martin Arno.

3/24/1864
[KK] Wrote letter to Carl Wilket and Jacob Heipp.

3/25/1864
[KK] Rain weather. Made out acquisition of clothing. Wrote letter to John Meier.

3/26/1864
[KK] Wrote letter to C. W.

3/27/1864 Easter Sunday
[KK] Inspection. Letter to G. Forberg. Warm weather.

3/28/1864
[KK] Nice weather. Sent to home a letter and newspaper with W. W. and Hostman. Made out monthly return at regiment. Strong rain storm.

3/29/1864
[KK] Nice weather.

3/30/1864
[KK] Letter to Weinand and Carl Schmidt. Cool weather.

3/31/1864
[KK] Made out quarterly return of deceased soldiers. Nice weather.

4/1/1864
[KK] Rainy, cool weather.

4/2/1864
[KK] Made monthly return of clothing and camp and garrison equipage.

4/3/1864 Sunday
[KK] Inspection and parade. Sent newspaper to my parents. Sunshine, nice day.

4/4/1864
[KK] Letter to Schneider. Rain.

4/5/1864
[KK] Nice day.

4/6/1864
[KK] Made out a list of condemned stores.

4/7/1864
[KK] Made out quarterly return of ordinance store. Ordinance store was condemned. Nice weather.

4/8/1864
[KK] Wrote to S. H. Got clothing. Rain weather.

4/9/1864
[KK] Sent a letter and newspaper to parents and got letter from parents. One brigade calvary and two batteries marched by.

4/10/1864
[KK] Cavalry and infantry regiment marched by. Nice weather.
[CW] Letter #20

4/11/1864
[KK] Warm weather. Camp was cleaned. Planted green trees.

4/12/1864
[KK] Made out inventory and final statement. Raining.

4/13/1864
[KK] Wrote a letter to the publisher of the Weltboten (a German newspaper). Warm weather.
[FS] On the 13th the 11th and 12th corps merged into the 20th corps under the command of General Hooker. Our regiment was attached to the 3rd division under the command of General Butterfield, to the 3rd brigade under the command of Colonel Wood.

4/14/1864
[KK] Made out monthly inspection return. Nice weather.

4/15/1864
[KK] Afternoon, general inspection. Nice cool weather.

4/16/1864
[KK] Sent newspaper to parents. Cool wind the whole day.

4/17/1864 Sunday
[KK] Quite cool. Inspection. W. W. back again. Rainy in the evening.
[ED] Letter #23

4/18/1864
[KK] Six regiments of infantry marched by. Made out inspection report. Rainy day.
[FB] We left Camp Randall and were sent to the regiment.

4/19/1864
[KK] Several infantry regiments marched by. Inspected by Colonel Woods, commander of our new brigade. Third brigade, third division, 20th A.C. Received letter from parents and John Meier and answered them.
[FW] Letter #133

4/20/1864
[KK]Made out list of absentees and descriptive list of deserters. Sunshine.
[FW] Letter #134

4/21/1864
[KK] Received letter from Martin Arns and answered. Cool weather. Rainy.

4/22/1864
[KK] Marching orders and serenade from the 82nd Illinois band. Nice warm weather.
[FS] On the 22nd we moved over to Lookout Valley where our division took up formation.

4/23/1864
[KK] In morning at six left with music from the 82nd Illinois band. Nice sunshine. Afternoon at 4:00 arrived at Lookout Valley and one mile at Brown Ferry and erected our tents.
[FW] Letter #135
[FB] We arrived at the regiment at Lookout Valley, Tennessee.

4/24/1864 Sunday
[KK] Rainy, continued making the camp. Dress parade. Built nice comfortable tents. Nice weather.

4/25/1864
[KK] Finished tents. Made list of all equipment that the company had. Nice weather. Winds strong.
[FW] Letter #136

4/26/1864
[KK] Drill. Cleaned camp. Warm weather.

4/27/1864
[KK] Received a letter from parents, C. W., and Weinand. Forenoon, battalion drill. Afternoon, brigade drill. Also received flag for regiment. Made out monthly return and received muster payrolls. Nice weather.
[FB] We finally received rifles.

4/28/1864
[KK] Warm weather. Worked on muster and payroll. Drill. Wrote letter to C. W. Afternoon between 2:00 to 4:00 maneuvers where everyone fired 30 rounds. Made out absentees, detached men and equipment for our company.

4/29/1864
[KK] Finished muster and payrolls. Report of absentees. Letter from George Schneider. Sent letter to parents, Theodore Weinand, and George Schneider. Also sent newspaper to parents.
[FW] Letter #137

4/30/1864
[KK] Rainy. Mustering and inspection. Sent newspaper to parents. Enter clothing into the books.

5/1/1864
[KK] Brigade inspection. Monthly return of clothing. Camp in garrison equipage as well as descriptive list. Received marching orders and clothing in the evening. Weather warm.
[FW] Letter #138
[CW] Letter #21 {Last letter of Charles Wicksburg, Death Certificate on 9/2/1864.

5/2/1864
[KK] Morning at 6:00, left for Gordons Mill, Georgia - twenty miles. I had new shoes that I had to cut in order to be able to walk in them. We went over Lookout Mountain and all battle fields from Chickamonga and Missionary Ridge. Weather warm.
[FB] We left on march from Lookout Valley this morning. We are now 15 miles from Georgia. We came to Missionary Ridge battlefield on the way. The roadside was full of graves and the cannonballs and rifle balls were buried in the trees.
[FS] On the 2nd the summer campaign began. This day we arrived in Gordensville, Georgia, and rested the entire next day.

5/3/1864
[KK] Made out new camp and made up nice tents. Evening, received marching orders and bullets. Close to Chickamonga Creek.
[FW] Letter #139

5/4/1864
[KK] Morning at 4:00 got up. Left at 6:00 and marched the whole day without rest to Taylor's Mountain - sixteen miles and camped close to Edward's Saw and Flour mill which was not used.
[FS] On the 4th we marched to Ringold.

5/5/1864
[KK] Nice weather all day. Cleaned street, built tents and dress parade.
[FB] Today in Georgia it is (?) day. We marched here yesterday. The Rebs are not far from here. Weather is beautiful and the air warm.
[FW] Letter #140

5/6/1864
[KK] Morning at 6:00 left for Lee's Farm - ten miles. Quite warm. Built tents. Dress parade. Received letter from Carl Schmidt.
[FS] We left this town again on the 6th.
[FW] Letter #141

5/7/1864 (March to Atlanta Begins)
[KK] Got up at 2:30. Marched off at 5:00 over Taylor Ridge to Wood's Valley - twenty miles. Very hot. Evening, whole regiment did guard duty.
[FB] The entire army is on the move. We marched farther south yesterday and today. The area is hilly. We see few men but often women and children.
[FS] On the 7th we reached Buzzard Roost where we had 2 skirmishes with the rebels on two following days.

5/8/1864 Sunday
[KK] Noon, again we went five miles and was positioned in the battle line on a small hill. Skirmishers were sent out and the shooting started at 3:00. At 5:00 orderly Stillerberg and (? unreadable text) were wounded. Strong heat all day. Evening, everything was quiet.
[FB] We marched to Tunnel Hill where the Rebs were. In the afternoon we had an encounter with the Rebs in which they were driven from their first position. We lost 2 dead and some wounded.

5/9/1864 (Battle at Buzzard Roost)
[KK] Morning at 7:00 we went out (? unreadable text) and the right and left wing we had a strong exchange of words. We were in the center. At 10:00 we advanced and pushed back the rebels advance guard. We went across the creek and landed at Buzzard Roost with charged bayonets. We laid close to the rebels and their batteries, so close that we could hear every command and we knew them. Noon, we were relieved by Company C. Lost one man. We stayed until 3:00 in skirmish reserve. Then we were ordered back to the regiment which was laying close to a church. Stayed there until 7:00. Then went back to our division where we slept well through the night. Evening, received a letter from parents and Jacob Heipp. We camped in Wood's Valley.
[FS] On the 9th we were relieved and moved back.
[FW] Letter #142
{MS} Article #84

5/10/1864
[KK] We moved the camp to a nice area with lawn where we could build good tents and we received the news that Grant beat Lee back ten miles and left their dead and wounded in our hands. (Karl is referring to Grant's victory at Spotsylvania, near Chancellorsville) Wrote letter to parents. Rainy evening. High strong thunderstorm.
[FS] 10th, we rested.

5/11/1864
[KK] Morning at 1:30 we were to get ready. Left at 5:00 for twelve miles, where we arrived at 1:00 p.m. Cool whole day. Afternoon, strong cannon to the left and General Hooker rode by us as we greeted him with hurrahs.
[FS] On the 11th we marched to Snake Creek Gap.
[FW] Letter #143
[FB] We marched in the direction of Rome. We drove the enemy before us and we heard General Grant had beaten the Rebs in Virginia. The soldiers hope to see the war come to an end this year. So do the enemy prisoners, some of whom look quite bewildered.

5/12/1864
[KK] We had cool weather the whole day. Forenoon, marched after we cleared the way - 3 miles. Received letter from John Bedlebeck. Had dress parade without music. Strong cannon thunder to the left.
[FS] On the 12th we marched a few more miles.

5/13/1864 (Battle at Tilton or Dalton)
[KK] Morning, advanced two miles and we were arranged in a battle line and we were used to protect a battery. Noon, again five miles on. Afternoon, the "dance" (battle) started which lasted until the evening at 8:00. First we laid on the outskirts of the woods but had to leave fairly soon to make the 14th Corps stronger (enhance) their artillery. After that, we had to go through very heavy underbrush in skirmish and battle. General Kilpatrick was wounded. Warm weather.
[FS] On the 13th we marched up to Resaca. There we formed battle lines and remained in this position until the next day. We had no encounter but our outposts had one dead and 8 wounded.

5/14/1864
[KK] Morning, daybreak shooting started. Company B had to go out as skirmishers where they had a quite a battle. Company B had one dead and three wounded. Company K at two wounded. Company B must have been shot through the clothing, from 10:00 to 12:00. Quite strong cannon thunder on the left as well as the whole afternoon. The rebels were pushed. Cool weather. Evening, started building rifle pits because we expected a strong push, but we were relieved at 12:00 midnight because we were always in the front of the battle.
[FB] Since yesterday and today a lively skirmish has been occurring in front of us. We are lying here in a battle line. The enemy is resisting heavily and we will soon get into the fire because our advance troops are already in it. The Adjutant had acquired a detachment from the Army of the Potomac with which General Grant had beaten the Rebs after a 4 day battle. He captured 30 cannons and an entire division. We hear loud gunfire to the left and in front of us and it seems the enemy is being driven back.
[FS] On the 14th we moved to the left flank and from here ...

5/15/1864 Pentecost Sunday (Battle at Resaca)
[KK] Morning at 6:00, went to the left wing where we arrived at 12:00. We were ordered out to storm forward. At 3:00 we took a gap and two hills by storm at Reseca and went on and took a fort with four cannons. But could not hold it because the back line of our people fired on us. Because of that we had to fall back. Our regiment lost 58 men. Our company had two wounded, Peter Stoffel in the foot and Albert Wolf in the foot and forearm. Both died from their wounds. We stormed three times and fell back and kept our wounded and the gap. At 6:00 we were relieved and ordered in the back line. Evening, back in reserve. Cool weather. Midnight, the rebels attacked, but were thrown back, which our four cannons helped. The rebels had to retreat so fast they left everything that could hurt them in the retreat.
[FB] Today is Pentecost day. The battle lasted yesterday into the night and this morning it continues again. We were relieved last night. Our entire division is on the march to try to surround the enemy. We marched until noon and set up a battle line and moved out. Our brigade attacked the enemy defenses but we were thrown back. We regrouped and attacked again. Our regiment moved ahead in good formation, but the other regiments broke up and we had to retreat again. We attacked again but did not succeed. We received reinforcements and took the defenses. This was a horrible fight. Dead and wounded lay everywhere. We were taken to the rear and spent a quiet night we are considerably disappointed since our regiment lost 70 men of 370 total.
[FS] ... on the 15th, stormed the trenches and artillery of the enemy. During this encounter I was wounded in the left leg. Approximately one hour after the injury I was brought to the divisional field hospital and from there ...

5/16/1864 Pentecost Monday
[KK] The rebels were routed by foot. Forenoon, at 9:00 we also left and we met on our way a lot of wounded. At noon, our cars were brought up for our wounded. We marched to Fields Mill where we arrived at 11:30 - fifteen miles. Where we were brought over on a small ferry, on the Coocavihatchie River where we stayed the rest of the night. Also, on the way we saw lots of munitions which the rebels could no take with them and could not destroy.
[FB] The enemy was beaten this morning. We have the last stragglers of the Rebs behind us. We captured more material and ammunition. The guns they left behind are all destroyed. The road is scattered full of dead, horses, pieces of clothing, weapons, cartridge containers, etc. These are the tracks of an army in flight.

5/17/1864
[KK] We had to stay there till 2:00 pm. because the whole train had to be taken by ferry. It was raining. Left at 2:00 until 10:00 in the evening, approximately fifteen miles. Somewhat cool.
[FB] Last night we marched until 1:00 o'clock. Our cavalry is following the enemy. We are finding while marching many dead and wounded left behind by the enemy.
[FW] Letter #144

5/18/1864
[KK] Morning at 6:30, we had to get up. Left at 5:00, we were the right flank and had to protect the wagon train - twenty miles. Rested one hour at noon. Afternoon at 5:00, skirmish fire in the front and pushed the enemy back till evening at 9:00 without loosing a man. It was quite hot the whole day. Some had to stay back because of the exhaustion. We built rifle pits for us.
[FB] in the evening we got to the enemy area and built breastworks overnight. Enemy cavalry is in front of us. We are extremely exhausted from the long march.

5/19/1864
[KK] Morning at 6:00 we went on and we started right away to skirmish. Received orders to go to the right because we had no contact with other troops. Noon, our brigade had been cut off from the rest and we came upon a strong Rebel Corps, so that we had to fall back to a farm house on a hill where our battery took up position and started firing right away. We built a breastwork from some negro housing that we tore down, but the enemy did not attack us. Noon, we received reenforcement and advanced front-wards at 2:30 and pushed back the enemy. Our company were skirmishers and had to ford a creek and follow them to Caprille until the evening at 9:00 when we were put in reserve because we were very tired because we marched twenty-two miles, in which eight miles were in line. Very hot the whole day.
[FB] At noon we engaged the enemy and the battle started. In spite of this, our regiment did not get into it. Good news from Virginia.

5/20/1864
[KK] Letter from parents and G. Vorberg. Rested and built tents and cleaned. Warm weather.
[FW] Letter #145
[FW] Letter #146

5/21/1864
[KK] Wrote to parents and G. Vorberg, Carl Schmidt, and Jacob Heipp. Drilled. Dress parade. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #147
[FB] Rest day.

5/22/1864 Sunday
[KK] Hot weather. Change camp. Built tents. Wrote to John Bedlebeck. Received marching orders. Inspection and dress parade.
[FW] Letter #148
[FW] Letter #149
[FB] One does not realize it, but today is Sunday. Tomorrow we march again. The heat is terrible and we are all almost "finished".

5/23/1864
[KK] Morning at 2:00, got up. Left at 5:00 - eighteen miles where we went over the Woosahachie River on linen pontoons, because the rebels burnt the bridge the night before. Very warm. The evening, our whole regiment went on forward guard where we "transported into the other world" chickens (eat).
[FB] Our company was assigned to train guard duty.

5/24/1864 (Battle at Burnt Hickory)
[KK] Morning at 7:00, went to Burnt Hickory - twenty miles. Evening, we built fortifications. Hot. Cannon fire to the right.

5/25/1864 (Battle at New Hope Church, Ga.)
[KK] Morning at 8:00, we left and went until 10:00. Then we found out we went the wrong way. We turned around. It took us till 1:30. We marched until 5:00 then we got into battle until 2:00 am when we were relieved. After we already made rifle pits with old wood and without tools. Then were relieved and put back in reserve. Our company of 22 men, lost five wounded two dead, and one missing. Dead are Corporal Robert Templeton and Private Emettson Smith Wounded are Corporal John Gunther, Private George Dellenbach, who died from his wounds, Cyrus Shafer, Charles Hafemann, and William Geri. Missing is Private Fritz Distler. It was quit warm all day. I commanded the camp because the Leuitenant was sick. Weather was quite warm the whole day. Evening, Strong rain.
[FS] ... on May 22nd, to the General Field Hospital in Resaca, Ward 7, Section 3.

5/26/1864
[KK] Didn't do anything but rested. All the fighting people were pulled together to rest. Got rations. Nice weather. I slept almost the whole day because I was tired. Made out the list of dead and wounded and received bullets.

5/27/1864 (Battle at Dallas, Ga.)
[KK] Morning, very strong cannon thunder along the whole line. Forenoon, very quite. Received pieces of clothing. At 12:00, left for the right wing. Between 3:00 and 5:00, strong cannon fire and musket fire to the left. Night, it was fairly quiet. Weather was warm.
[FB] We were relieved of train guard duty and at midnight returned to our regiment encamped at Burnt Hickory.
[FW] Letter #150

5/28/1864
[KK] Forenoon, we were bombarded, but without doing any damage, except for two guns. At 10:00 we went into the rifle pits to finish it. The rest of the day we did not do much except front guard. Musket fire in the front. Strong cannon fire to the right. Weather warm.
[FB] The Rebs greeted us with cannon fire this morning. We relieved the 1st Brigade which was positioned behind breastworks. The entire area is thickly wooded.
[FW] Letter #151

5/29/1864 Sunday
[KK] We kept quiet in the rifle pits. Hot weather. Evening at 10:00 the rebels made several attacks, every time it was repelled which lasted the whole right.

5/30/1864
[KK] Morning at 3:00, I had to go on picket as officer for which I was received at 10:00 pm. We had to be very careful because of the snipers. Hot weather.
[FB] The Rebs attacked last night but were driven off.
[FW] Letter #152

5/31/1864
[KK] Hot weather. No movement. Wrote letters to parents. Everything was quiet. Only a house was bombarded where the snipers were hid. There were also some cannon shots.
[FB] We were relieved last night and lay in reserve today.
[FW] Letter #153
{MS} Article #85

6/1/1864
[KK] Forenoon, we were quiet. I received a letter form C. W. and John Meier. At noon we were relieved by the 16th Corps which came from the right. We marched to the left wing which took till the evening at 7:00 where we camped on a mountain. Hot weather.

6/2/1864
[KK] Forenoon, we were quiet. Received my commission of Second Lieutenant of Company F. It rained the whole day, quite strongly. Afternoon, we marched on to the left. Also, several bombs were thrown towards us. Two dropped on our regiment without damage.
[FB] We marched on the right flank today. It rained a great deal. We are all wet through and through and there is an awful lot of mud! mud!

6/3/1864
[KK] First we were quite until the afternoon at 3:00, at which time we marched to flank the enemy. We made approximately six miles at 6:00 in the evening. We met with the enemy. We were positioned in a line, but everything remained quiet. It rained quite strongly. We were positioned on a wheat field.
[FW] Letter #154

6/4/1864
[KK] Laid there. It rained the whole day. Cannon thunder to the right of us. The enemy pulled back.
[FW] Letter #155

6/5/1864 Sunday
[KK] Remained quiet. Rainy. Everything was quite on the front.
[FB] Today is Sunday, a beautiful day at home, but here we must keep our thoughts together, otherwise one does not know it is Sunday. The weather is finally clearing up after a long period of rain. Rations are becoming scarce.

6/6/1864
[KK] The enemy has pulled back. We marched in the morning at 6:00. I had to go with Company G, and a part of Company H, and had to go out as flankers for some miles. Then we were positioned in the line of battle, then maneuvered from 10:00 am till 8:00 pm. At which time we took position in the woods and built rifle pits. We had to protect the left flank. Warm weather.

6/7/1864
[KK] Nothing happened. Received a letter form parents, Germany, and John Young. Wrote a letter to C. W. General Inspection. Weather warm with rain. All was quiet in the front.
[FB] Today we are encamped on a hill. We had to build breastworks deep into last night and are learning what the word hunger means.

6/8/1864
[KK] Warm weather. Wrote letter to parents and John Meier. Mustered in as Lieutenant.
[FB] Rest day.

6/9/1864
[KK] Didn't move. Hot weather. Wrote a letter to Henry Lembke and John Young. I also have been transferred to Company F and I went together with Steinmeyer in the mess. All was quiet on the front.

6/10/1864
[KK] Rainy weather. Fairly quiet on the front. Some cannon shots fell. Several troops marched by us to the left wing.

6/11/1864
[KK] Much rain with strong thunder showers. Some Cannons shots fell.
[FW] Letter #156
{MS} Article #86

6/12/1864 Sunday
[KK] Several shots fell. Rain.

6/13/1864
[KK] Rainy and cool. Received a letter from parents and Carl Wilket. The evening was quiet. Strong artillery fire.
{MS} Article #87

6/14/1864
[KK] Cool weather. Inspection. Wrote a letter parents, Carl Wilket, and Abram Baer. Strong artillery fire. Received a letter from parents.

6/15/1864
[KK] Receive a letter from John Bedlebeck. Afternoon at 2:00, we went forward and between 6:00 and 8:00 the rebels bombarded us without much damage. Two men from our regiment was wounded. We pushed the enemy back and maneuver till morning at 3:00 am. Fairly warm weather.
{MS} Article #88

6/16/1864
[KK] Forenoon, Built rifle pits. But in the afternoon we were put into the second battle line. Afternoon at 6:00, we were bombarded. In the evening, we went farther to the right into the rifle pits. There is where the rebel sharpshooters were and quite active. Continued to make our fortifications better. Warm weather. One from my company was tied to a tree because of courage.
[FB] We marched out at 2:00 o clock and met the Rebs at 6:00 o clock at Big Shanty. We laid for 2 hours through cannon and rifle fire on the ground and dared not get up. Two men were wounded from our regiment.

6/17/1864
[KK] Morning, rebels pushed back out of their strong fortification. Forenoon at 10:00, we followed them, which it was quite lively. We also captured a rebel flag. It rained.
[FB] Last night we had to lay ad night with rifles in our arms and then we built breastworks.
[FW] Letter #157

6/18/1864
[KK] We remained quiet. Strong artillery fire. Very strong rain intermitently.

6/19/1864 Sunday
[KK] Forenoon at 10 we went forward. At noon I had to skirmish with a half of Company F until morning at 3:00. The whole time I had to maneuver back and forth. Strong rain weather. Our losses in the regiment: 1 dead, 5 wounded. I received a glancing shot on the foot.
[FB] We advanced 2 miles. The Rebs left their defenses, strong defenses, which were built a long time ago.

6/20/1864
[KK] Morning at 3:00, I was back with the regiment. Got a letter from George Schneider and wrote to parents. Evening, was supposed to attack, but was called back. Rain weather.
[FB] We got into a skirmish yesterday in which we lost a lot of men.
[FW] Letter #158

6/21/1864
[KK] Morning at 3:00, I had to go to picket at 10:00 a.m. Our sharp shooters went forward. In the evening, took at mountain. In the evening at 8:00 I was relieved. Rainy.
[FW] Letter #159

6/22/1864
[KK] Forenoon at 9:00, we pushed forward. At noon we stormed over an open field and took a hill whereby our regiment suffered 5 dead, 30 wounded. Built rifle pits right away. Was relieved by the 14th Corps. Evening, marched to the right wing. Weather was warm.
[FB] Today was again another bloody day near Marietta. We had to attack the well-entrenched enemy at noon. We ran across a wide open field with shouts and into the next woods where we came upon the enemy outpost defenses and got to within 300 yards of their main defenses. Our regiment lost 45 dead and wounded.
[FW] Letter #160

6/23/1864
[KK] Marched further to the right. Received letter from Martin Arns and Jacob Heipp. Built rifle pit in the second battle line. Hot weather.
[FB] We were relieved last night and marched farther to the right where today we built breastworks in view of the enemy who provided us with cannonball music.
[FW] Letter #161

6/24/1864
[KK] Remained quiet. Hot weather.

6/25/1864
[KK] Wrote letter to George Schneider and John Biedlebach. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #162

6/26/1864 Sunday
[KK] Wrote to Jacob Heipp and Martin Arns. Hot weather.
[FS] On the 26th of June I was transferred to the General Field Hospital No. 2, Ward 19, in Chattanooga.

6/27/1864 (Battle at Kennesaw Mountian)
[KK] Morning at 2:00 went back into third battle line. Letter from parents and answered. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #163

6/28/1864
[KK] Some cannon fire to the left. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #164

6/29/1864
[KK] Evening in the first battle line. Night we had a little battle to the left. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #165

6/30/1864
[KK] We were quiet, with hot weather and rain. Received my discharge and mustering papers also a musket ball wen through our tent 1 1/2 feet from the bottom. We were lying down at the time.
[FW] Letter #166

7/1/1864
[KK] One from Company H was wounded. Hot.
[FW] Letter #167

7/2/1864
[KK] I got a letter from Gottlieb Metzner and from my parents. Wrote letter to parents. One from Company K was wounded. Hot weather.

7/3/1864 Sunday
[KK] Morning, the enemy left his fortification. Until 6:00 maneuvered the whole day until evening at 7:00. Made a lot of prisoners without great losses. Marched 15 miles but it was if it were 3 miles straight. Our division made 500 prisoners. Very hot weather. Recieved letter from Abram Baer.
[FB] While we were on the march, the Rebs gave up their forward defenses and retreated with us at their heels.
[FW] Letter #168

7/4/1864
[KK] Our regiment and the 73rd [Ohio] regiment at to go on reconnoisence, but didn't find any rebels. Afternoon, we went to the right and built fortifications because our division general expected an attack, but it was our own people which I was afraid of.
[FB] Today we stood watch and returned at noon. All day long a terrible cannonade has been going on in front and to the left of us. Toward evening we marched about 3 miles and built breast-works.
[FW] Letter #169

7/5/1864
[KK] Forenoon at 9:30, we marched until evening 9:00, 12 miles though. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #170

7/6/1864
[KK] Left at 2:00 in the afternoon until the evening at 7:00. Some light cannon fire. We could see the tower of Atlanta.
[FB] Today we are positioned on a hall about 2 miles from the Chattahoochie River. The Rebs are in retreat. We marched here yesterday in the greatest heat in which many of our men collapsed from exhaustion.
[FW] Letter #171

7/7/1864
[KK] Remained quiet. Hot weather. Letter from Gottleib Metzner and Abram Baer.
[FW] Letter #172

7/8/1864
[KK] Remained quiet. Hot weather. Wrote letter to (?) Vorberg. Our major was commissioned as colonel and Captain Lockner got commissioned as major.

7/9/1864
[KK] Remained quiet. I made out muster and payrolls. Hot weather.
[FB] We established our camp here. Weather is beautiful.
[FW] Letter #173

7/10/1864 Sunday
[KK] Remained quiet. Received a letter from parents and answered. Visited the regiment. Hot weather.
[FS] On the 10th of July I was transferred to Nashville, Tennessee, hospital No. 14, ward No. 2.
[FW] Letter #174

7/11/1864
[KK] Received letter from Peter Immell and answered. Hot weather.

7/12/1864
[KK] Hot weather. Repositioned the camp. Afternoon at 5:00 got put on picket near Chacke River. We shot (?)

7/13/1864
[KK] (?) Hot weather.

7/14/1864
[KK] Hot weather. Evening (?)

7/15/1864
[KK] Hot weather. Letter from C.W. and answered. Received marching orders. Went (?)

7/16/1864
[KK] Inspection. Warm weather.
{WP} Article #23
[FB] We stood general inspection today.

7/17/1864 Sunday
[KK] Inspection. Received letter from parents and Jacob Heipp. Afternoon at 4:00 marched until evening 7:00. Evening we went over the Charic (?) with pontoons. We made several miles. Hot weather.
[FB] Today is Sunday. We had to clean up the camp after which we received orders to march.

7/18/1864
[KK] Morning at 10:00 left maneuver until evening at 6:00 through dense bushes, 10 miles. We were in the first battle line, saw no enemy.
[FB] Yesterday evening we crossed the river on pontoons and marched back and forth in the woods.

7/19/1864
[FB] We rested today.
[FW] Letter #175

7/20/1864
- (Karl Karsten's account of the Battle of Peach Tree Creek is temporarly missing.)
[FB] Today we are engaged in a terrible battle with the Rebs at Peach Tree Creek. At 2:00 o'clock PM. our brigade which was at the left flank of the corps, joined the 4th Corps in battle line. The enemy attacked at which time we advanced. Our regiment was as always m the forward battle line. We advanced over a small hill and into a valley in which a small creek flowed. Then the Rebs came toward us down the hill in front of us. Now the firing really began. The gunfire exceeded anything I had ever heard before. We loaded and fired as fast as possible. The Rebs came to within 10 paces of us, at which time our musket balls became too thick for them. They turned to the right and retreated up the hill with us behind them. This was a sight which I had never seen before and hope never to see again. The entire field was scattered with dead, wounded and dying. The wounded moaned so much that I could hardly watch. However, we had no time and had to advance up the hill. There stood a fence behind which we petitioned ourselves. The Rebs tried to advance again but did not succeed, because a battery was placed on the hill behind us which greeted the enemy terribly with cannonballs. After 4 hours of firing, we were finally relieved and went to the second battle line. The firing lasted into the night. At night I helped carry more wounded from the field. We also captured a flag from the 33rd Mississippi Regiment.

7/21/1864
[FB] This morning our regiment, after a sleepless night, had to bury the dead Rebs which laid before our regiment. They were all from the 33rd Mississippi Regiment. Our regiment lost 9 dead and 36 wounded. We buried over 50 Rebs, among them Colonel Drake and most of the officers of the 33rd Miss. Regiment. Now we had to clean our guns.
[FW] Letter #176

7/22/1864
[FB] Today we marched toward Atlanta and built breastworks. Toward evening the Rebs greeted us with cannon fire. Four cannons are positioned between our regiment. One can see the towers of Atlanta.

7/23/1864
[FB] We changed our position again We marched further to the right near the First Division and lay behind "Dulgars Battery". Now the bombardment of Atlanta has begun. Heavy defenses rise before us.
[FW] Letter #177

7/23/1864 (Battle of Atlanta Begins)
[KK] Our regiment had to build fortification. Hot weather, cold night.

7/24/1864 Sunday
[KK] Wrote a letter to G. Vorberg. Hot weather. Evening at 7:00 I had to go on picket and immediately on outpost where the right of the rebels greeted us with artillery fire. From our side we pretended to make an attack but there was no shots fired.
[FW] Letter #178

7/25/1864
[KK] Morning at 6:00 in reserve. There was an artillery duel the whole day. Evening at 8:00 relieved. One wounded. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #179

7/26/1864
[KK] Received letter from my parents and answered. Hot weather. Evening (?)

7/27/1864
[KK] Rainy weather. Evening, one 20 pound bomb went into our fortification. Wounded "? 31"

7/28/1864
[KK] Hot weather. Got a letter from Abram Baer, John Bedelbech and George Schneider. Afternoon, advanced "2 lines unreadable"
{MS} Article #89

7/29/1864
[KK] Forenoon, at 10:00 marched 2_ "4 lines unreadable", approximately 9 miles. I commanded Company H.
[FB] A bloody battle occurred yesterday to our right and in front of us at the 15th Corps.

7/30/1864
[KK] Afternoon at 3:00 advanced to the right. We were there to protect the right flank. Evening, built fortifications. Answered letter to John Bedelbech, George Schneider, and Abram Baer. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #180

7/31/1864 Sunday
[KK] Reconnaissance, hot rainy weather.
[FW] Letter #181

8/1/1864
[KK] Hot, rainy weather. Newspaper sent to my parents.

8/2/1864
[KK] Evening at 6:00 we marched back to (?) 6 miles. Hot, rainy weather.
[FW] Letter #182

8/3/1864
[KK] Monday at 5:00 left (? unreadable)
[FW] Letter #183

8/4/1864
[KK] (? unreadable)
[FW] Letter #184

8/5/1864
[KK] (? 2 lines unreadable). The sharp shooter tried to route us, without success. We were relieved at 9:00. Wrote letter to Henry Lembky. Our position in the fortification was a bit better. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #185

8/6/1864
[KK] Warm, rainy weather. Wrote letter to parents. The rebels again tried to route our forward post, without success.
[FW] Letter #186

8/7/1864 Sunday
[KK] Inspection, rain weather.

8/8/1864
[KK] Rain weather. Wrote letter to Gottlieb Metzner. Our skirmish line went back where one from Company A was killed (Reinhlod Nemitz). Got a letter from parents.

8/9/1864
[KK] Rainy weather. One Company E was heavily wounded. Afternoon, our batteries were shooting constantly.
[FW] Letter #187

8/10/1864
[KK] Morning at 1:00 on (?) Vertiage. Relieved at 8:00. Wrote letter to parents. Rainy weather. Evening, again went to our new fortification.
[FW] Letter #188

8/11/1864
[KK] Hot weather. Strong artillery fire on both sides.

8/12/1864
[KK] Warm weather. Forenoon, on Vertiage with 24 men. Evening at 9:00 (?) received letter from G. Vorberg.
[FW] Letter #189

8/13/1864
[KK] Noon, advanced into the fortification. Afternoon, we made them better. Hot weather. Got (?) from my parents. (?) with company.

8/14/1864
[KK] Wrote letter to G. Vorberg. One from Company I was wounded.

8/15/1864
[KK] General inspection. Letter from Peter Immel. Hot weather.

8/16/1864
[KK] Wrote letter to Peter Immel. Very hot weather. One ball went through my tent.
[FW] Letter #190

8/17/1864
[KK] Letter to parents. Hot weather. Fairly quiet.
[FW] Letter #191
{MS} Article #90

8/18/1864
[KK] Hot weather. Cannon fire in the morning, then everything was quiet.

8/19/1864
[KK] Hot weather. Strong musket fire to the right. Rebels wanted to attack but they had thought better of it. Evening at 6:00 we went back.

8/20/1864
[KK] Rainy weather. Got a letter from parents. Relieved in the evening. (?)
[FW] Letter #192

8/21/1864
[KK] (? 2 lines unreadable)
[FB] Today is Sunday. One almost doesn't realize it because the bombardment continues without letup. We received a little whiskey today. The Rebs bothered us very much. They lobbed 64-pounders at us.

8/22/1864
[KK] Forenoon, (? 2 words unreadable) Got letter from Jacob Heipp, Peter Phillips. Wrote Jacob Heipp. Weather (?)

8/23/1864
[KK] Warm weather. Letter to Peter Phillips. Everything was quiet.

8/24/1864
[KK] Letter to parents. Our adjutant came back with several things from Bridgeport.
[FW] Letter #193

8/25/1864
[KK] Hot weather. Evening at 8:00, marched. Left our fortification. Had to go to the Chatthochie River and had to protect the ferry.

8/26/1864
[KK] Morning at 4:00 we arrived at Turner's Ferry. Built fortification on our right wing. Our regiment went back and forth on the river. Then we built tents. Received letter from parents and Martin Arno. Hot weather. Nights (?)
[FW] Letter #194

8/27/1864
[KK] Our brigade took a position to the front, 2 miles by both wings on the river. Afternoon, rebels pushed our forward guard of the right wing (? 2 words unreadable) with several bombs. (? 3 lines unreadable)
{WP} Article #24
[FB] Last night we quietly left our breastworks and retreated to the Chattahoochie River where we bunt breastworks today.

8/28/1864 Sunday
[KK] Inspection. (? 2 words unreadable). Forward guard.
[FB] Today is Sunday. Yesterday the Rebel cavalry attacked our outposts and took several prisoners. Our Corps is stationed at the river as bridge guard.
[FW] Letter #195

8/29/1864
[KK] (? words unreadable) Hot weather. Evening, relieved. Nothing new.
[FW] Letter #196

8/30/1864
[KK] Wrote letter to parents. (2 words unreadable) All three men were taken prisoners by the rebels. Very hot weather.

8/31/1864
[KK] General inspection and mustering. Reconnaissance party went out which immediately met with the enemy and back. Losses (?) Warm weather.
[FW] Letter #197

9/1/1864
[KK] Hot weather. Everything fairly quiet. Evening a pastor of a Christian commission gave us a talk.

9/2/1864 (Union Army Enters Atlanta)
[KK] Forenoon, our reconnaissance party of our division took Atlanta. Afternoon, more troops were sent in. Evening, several batteries went in. Got letter from Albert Wolfe. Wrote to parents. Weather warm.
[FB] This morning we left our quarters at the river at 5:00 o'clock and filed through wood and field over hill and dale toward Atlanta. We came to the city at 10:00 o'clock. The city immediately surrendered. We drove 30 Reb cavalry before us through the city. Several stores were broken into and tobacco was taken from them. Many Germans live here.
[FW] Letter #198
{MP} Article #5
{MS} Article #91

9/3/1864
[KK] Rainy weather. The rebels had a locomotion and 40 cars and ammunitions (? unreadable). Atlanta (?) and by much tobacco.

9/4/1864
[KK] Forenoon, marched to Atlanta. In the whole town houses were destroyed or damaged. Afternoon, went to the right. Evening, went into the rebels fortification. I had to go on forward guard. The line (?) had no communications with the right. Hot weather.
[FW] Letter #199

9/5/1864
[KK] Morning, took up that connection "communication on both wings." Forward guard was advanced. Two women were sent to the provost marshall to be watched. I was relieved in the evening at 6:00. Rainy weather. Letter from John Beddlebech.
[FW] Letter #200

9/6/1864
[KK] Rainy weather and cleaned the camp.
[FB] We have established summer encampment on the south side of Atlanta.

9/7/1864
[KK] Rainy weather. Letter from John Beddlebech.

9/8/1864
[KK] General order from General Sherman was read that our campaign to Atlanta (?) Gave his thanks. We were supposed to get a month rest before we start our winter campaign. (?) weather. (?) dropped back.
[FB] The Army finally returned with 6000 prisoners.

9/9/1864
[KK] All unreadable except something about General Hooker.

9/10/1864
[KK] (? unreadable)... his thanks for our (?)
[FW] Letter #201
{MS} Article #92

9/11/1864
[KK] Received tobacco. Got letter from (?) Again relieved from forward guard.
[FB] Today is Sunday. The bells in the city are ringing but one cannot go to church no matter how hard one tries because one must "stay home" and clean rifles.

9/12/1864
[KK] (?) inhabitants. Wrote to Peter Phillip.
[FW] Letter #202

9/13/1864
[KK] Warm weather. Wrote to parents. Evening forward guard.

9/14/1864
[KK] Forward guard. Letter to parents and Will Frisbie. Evening was relieved. Warm weather.

9/15/1864
[KK] Wrote to George Schneider and Will Frisbie. Forenoon, Company (? unreadable)

9/16/1864
[KK] (?) inspection. Discipline list. Hot weather.

9/17/1864
[KK] Wrote letter to Wilkie. Drilled. Warm weather. Letter from parents.

9/18/1864
[KK] Mustering, rainy weather. Letter to parents. Inspection.

9/19/1864
[KK] Rainy weather. Letter to (?) Signed payroll. (?) Got letter to Krueger.
[FB] We signed our pay lists.

9/20/1864
[KK] Forenoon. Battalion drill. Rainy weather. Visit from Karl Meinhert (?) company.

9/21/1864
[KK] Rainy weather. I looked at Atlanta. Tent camp (?) inhabitants of Atlanta in the southern line (?)

9/22/1864
[KK] Rainy weather. Letter to Vorberg.
[FW] Letter #203

9/23/1864
[KK] Rainy night and day.

9/24/1864
[KK] Made application to pass to Nashville. Cool weather. Night very cold.

9/25/1864 Sunday
[KK] Inspection. Wrote to parents. Cool weather.

9/26/1864
[KK] Afternoon, division review by General Slocum. Warm weather.
[FB] Today our division stood review before Major General Slocum. Our regiment was highly praised.

9/27/1864
[KK] Battalion drill. Cool weather.
[FW] Letter #204

9/28/1864
[KK] Battalion drill. Hot weather. Received command from Company K.

9/29/1864
[KK] Battalion drill. Dreary weather.

9/30/1864
[KK] Battalion drill. Evening, on forward guard. Night rain.

10/1/1864
[KK] Evening on forward guard. Rain during the day (?) relieved.
[FB] Our tie with the North was again cut by the Reb General Wheeler with his cavalry.

10/2/1864 Sunday
[KK] Cool weather. Letter to parents.
[FW] Letter #205

10/3/1864
[KK] Cool, rainy weather. Went to Atlanta. Bought things, back (?)

10/4/1864
[KK] Afternoon, I was officer of the day. Cool.

10/5/1864
[KK] Forenoon, I was officer of the day. Afternoon, the paymaster started to pay out at our regiment. Also, I received furlough for 10 days to Nashville. Warm weather.
[FB] Hood's Army is to our rear and our whole army including our Corps chased him. We were paid today.
[FW] Letter #206

10/6/1864
[KK] Warm weather and was paid out.

10/7/1864
[KK] On (?) verting with 135 men. Worked on the fort. Warm weather. Received marching orders. Night strong wind storm.

10/8/1864
[KK] Morning at 6:00. We marched to the Hottahochie River where we took position to protect the railroads on the southern side of the river on a hill next to a battery. Cool and strong rain. Stormed the whole day.
[FB] Our regiment marched away from Atlanta to the river to a position at the railroad bridge.

10/9/1864 Sunday
[KK] Camp cleaning. Cold weather.
[FW] Letter #207

10/10/1864
[KK] Because of high orders we have to do (?) in the morning (2 lines unreadable)

10/11/1864
[KK] (?) Company K orderly (?) Atlanta, as to (?)

10/12/1864
[KK] Horses from Atlanta marched by here.

10/13/1864
[KK] Cool weather. Nothing new happened.
[FW] Letter #208

10/14/1864
[KK] Cool weather. A number of oxen came by her towards Atlanta. Evening, we got mail. Got a letter and things from my parents. Got a letter from C.W., John Beddelbech and Peter Phillipson.
[FW] Letter #209

10/15/1864
[KK] Two corps were (?) because of (?). A regular infantry came from Atlanta (?). Wrote letter to parents. Warm weather.

10/16/1864 Sunday
[KK] Orders. General inspection. Was ordered but not held. Letter to John Beddlebech.
[FW] Letter #210

10/17/1864
[KK] Wrote letter to (?)

10/18/1864
[KK] Afternoon I was officer of the day. (?) rebels (?) miles from here - (?) pontoons. Warm weather.

10/19
[KK] Morning at 7:00. Company (?) with Hooker. Took 40 wagons on foraging expedition. 30 miles (?). Evenings at 7:00. Stopped after several chicken, geese, pigs, sheep had their last hour. Cool weather.
[FB] This morning we took 3 days ration and patrolled and foraged toward Roswell.

10/20/1864
[KK] Loaded up wagons and marched back nineteen miles. Two miles before Marrettia. The guerillas burned a rail road between Wyning Station and the river (?) The guerillas shot as us, but nothing happened. The guerillas attacked a train of oxen which was repelled with losses. Cool weather.

10/21/1864
[KK] Morning at 6:00 we went on through Maretta. Noon, arrived back at the camp, four miles back. Cool weather.
[FB] We returned today at noon. Yesterday we camped 1 mile on this side of Roswell overnight. Yesterday the wagons were loaded with corn. At noon we marched toward Marietta and today we marched 16 mites in 6 hours.
[FW] Letter #211

10/22/1864
[KK] Cool weather. Noon, (? lines unreadable). Evening, letters from parents, Vorberg, and George Schnieder.

10/23/1864 Sunday
[KK] Inspection. Cool weather with strong wind. Wrote letter to Peter Phillipson.
[FW] Letter #212

10/24/1864
[KK] Weather cool. Nothing important happened.

10/25/1864
[KK] Morning at 8:00. Left by railroad to Nashville. Evening in Resaca, Georgia. From there I went with a dispatch train to Tilton.
{MS} Article #93

10/26/1864
[KK] Morning. I had to go on foot for five miles to Dalton because the track wasn't finished yet. Left Dalton at 9:00. Got to Chattanooga at noon. Evening, at Stevenson. Warm weather.

10/27/1864
[KK] 8:00 in the morning in Nashville. Cleaned myself. Went to visit Winkler and bought uniform and sent all my money through Adam Express. Warm weather.

10/28/1864
[KK] Had my furlough extended. After 2:00 left for Louisville. Cool weather.

-- Soon after he went home, Karl Karsten resigns from the service. His entries concerning the 26th Wisconsin ends here.

11/1/1864
[FW] Letter #213

11/3/1864
[FW] Letter #214

11/4/1864
[FW] Letter #215

11/6/1864
[FW] Letter #216

11/8/1864
[FW] Letter #217

11/9/1864
[FB] Today we heard loud cannon and musket fire near Atlanta.
[FW] Letter #218

11/10/1864
[FB] We heard that yesterday 2 Reb infantry regiments and 1 Reb cavalry regiment were seen near the city but retreated quickly.

11/11/1864
{MP} Article #6

11/12/1864
[FS] On November 12, I traveled by boat to New Albany, Indiana.

11/14/1864
[FB] This morning we burned our camp and marched to Atlanta to our brigade. We received more whiskey last night.
[FW] Letter #219

11/15/1864
[FB] This morning the entire Army of the HAC. 15 A.C. 19 A.C. and the 20th Army Corps was on the move toward Atlanta.

11/19/1864
[FB] Tonight we are about 45 miles from Atlanta. We began to live from that which we found on the plantations such as potatoes pigs chickens sheep and cornmeal.

11/20/1864
[FB] Today is Sunday but just the same we are marching in rainy weather and mud. We came through the little town of Madison.

11/21/1864
[FB] Rain and mud.

11/22/1864
[FB] Rain and mud.

11/23/1864
[FB] It cleared up today. We had strong winds. During last 3 days of marching through rain and mud, we crowded ourselves quite close together. We passed through Milledgeville which was the governor s residence. He fled 3 days ago; it is the capital city of Georgia.
[FW] Letter #220

11/25/1864
{MP} Article #7

11/26/1864
[FB] Tonight we came upon Andersonville.
[FW] Letter #221
{WP} Article #25

11/27/1864
[FB] This morning we had inspection of rifles cartridges and cartridge cases. We moved on at 10:00 o clock.
[FW] Letter #222

11/29/1864
[FB] Today we marched through the considerably larger town of Louisville.

11/30/1864
[FB] We had a well-deserved rest day today.

12/1/1864
[FW] Letter #223

12/3/1864
[FS] On the 3rd of December I was sent to Springfield, Illinois.
[FW] Letter #224

12/4/1864
[FB] Today is Sunday but we had to march anyhow. The entire area around Andersonville is swampy and roads are bad.
[FW] Letter #225

12/7/1864
[FB] We marched among ruins and mud. It is still 25 miles to Savannah.

12/9/1864
[FB] We hear cannon fire to our left in front of us near the 14th Army Corps.

12/10/1864
[FB] Before us and near us we hear cannon fire near the 14th Corps and 17 A.C. The 14th is to our left and 17 A.C. is to our right and in front of us. We were formed into a battle line at noon.

12/11/1864
[FB] The bombing continues without stopping near us. Our rations are now short and one discovers what hunger feels like.

12/12/1864
[FB] All the trains which we encountered from Atlanta to Savannah were destroyed.

12/13/1864
[FS] On the 13th my lower leg healed.
[FW] Letter #226

12/14/1864
[FB] The bombing still continues vigorously. This morning the 2nd Div. of the 15th Army Corps attacked Fort McAllister and captured it on the first advance. They captured 26 cannons and 1500 men which was the entire complement of the fort. Our food line should now be open again. We now have too little to live on and too many dying. We have only a small amount of rice and an ounce of meat per day.
[FW] Letter #227

12/15/1864
[FW] Letter #228

12/17/1864
[FB] Another food supply arrived which made us very happy.
[FW] Letter #229

12/18/1864
[FB] One hears that a 15 ton food supply for this army is on the way which should arive in about 2 days.

12/19/1864
[FB] We received 1/2 rations again.
[FW] Letter #230

12/21/1864
[FB] This morning the order came to advance. The Rebs have left and we had to pack in 5 minutes and march toward Savannah, where we set up quarters 1 mile west of the city. We now have as much rice as we want. The Rebs have fled to South Carolina. We captured much rice, cannons and munitions which the enemy left behind. We also captured many prisoners.

12/22/1864
[FW] Letter #231

12/24/1864
[FB] We cleaned our quarters. Each person planted a Christmas tree in front of his tent.

12/25/1864
[FB] Christmas morning inspection. We received a 1/2 unit crackers, rice and meat.
[FW] Letter #232

12/26/1864
[FB] We received orders to march tomorrow across the Savannah River.
[FW] Letter #233

12/27/1864
[FB] The march orders were rescinded. Good news from Tennessee. General Hood's army is completely demoralized.

12/30/1864
[FB] Today the entire 20th Army Corps was reviewed by General Sherman in Savannah in beautiful weather. We received orders to march tonight.
[FS] On the 30th we were inspected.
[FW] Letter #234

12/31/1864
[FB] We marched in the rain 2 miles east of the city. It was cold and returned to our old quarters for the first time since November 14th. We received sugar and full cracker rations. Cold wind.
[FW] Letter #235

-- George Jones begins his diary here.

1/1/1865
[GJ] In camp near Savannah, Ga. Once more after so long an interval of neglect, I commence journalizing the events of my life and for at least the rest or my time as a soldier, I promise not to neglect my little pocket Diary. New Years Day has passed and has brought with it no item of particular interest. For a time so far South as tho, the weather is decidedly cold and disagreeable. We are laying under marching orders and probably will cross the River in a few days.
[FB] Beautiful weather. We have orders to keep ourselves in readiness to march at a moment's notice.

1/2/1865
[GJ] Marched at 7 A. M. and after waiting at the dock in the city until noon, when we went on board of a small transport ( The Planter) and had a pleasant boat ride among the point of Green Island. In about an hour landed on the shores of North Carolina, the birthplace of Secession. While the Planter returned for the rest of the Brigade, we improved the time in cooking and eating a dinner office and coffee. About 3 O'clock the rest of the Brigade arrived and we took up our plantation, we came to a pine forest and after proceeding in, a little ways, we came to the camp of the ( I think) 4th. Infantry which had preceded us in invading the air lands of S. G. two days before. It was already dark- we - arms on the side of the road. We made ourselves happy over the cup of rice and coffee
[FB] We marched off and at Savannah we were taken by steamboat across the river to South Carolina.

1/3/1865
[GJ] There was a reconnoitering party of 50 men went from the regt. today. They had not gone much over a mile from camp, when they met the enemies pickets. Then our boys drove for nearly a mile, when they supported by their reserve, hits their ground. As soon as Co. Winkler heard the firing, he went out to support the previous detail with 20 men. On arriving at the "Field of action" he immediately sent out a flanking party. The 'Johnnies' soon "smell a mice" and "skedaddled". as it was getting late, our boys, pursued but a little way and then returned to camp with nobody hurt. Near our camp are two fine houses which have lately been deserted by the chivalrous owners. The natural growth of the trees here are chiefly red piny, interposed with here and there a live oak, palmetto or cedar - but the hand of art has embroidered many more beautiful shrubs among which the Magnolia ranks as king. It is indeed a many more beautiful shrubs among which the Magnolia ranks as king. It is indeed a combination of branches with its dark green leaves so thick it is velvety in such profusion as to almost hide from the misgiving grew the larger blossoms of dark red that rival the rose in display of - and all thru the winter.
[FB] We reconnoitered and had a small skirmish with the Rebs about 4 miles from the river and drove them into the river.

1/4/1865
[GJ] This morning we "backed" up and marched about a mile further in a northeasterly direction, and camped in a large open field on "Hardees Plantation". Saw in the vicinity several old earthworks built I believe in 1861 at the time our fleet was threatening Ft. Pulaski. This plantaion does not look as if it had been under cultivation for the past two years. The owner I believe is Co. Hardee who was captured at the battle near Atlanta on the 22th of July last.
[FB] We marched 2 miles and pitched camp. The area here is low and swampy.

1/5/1865
[GJ] The Colonel and Major went out reconnoitered today in command of an attachment of 150 men from the regiment. They went out to the scene of the skirmish on the 3rd. Not meeting with any resistance went on some four or five miles further and not seeing any enemy, they returned to camp and reported the REBELS all gone. Orders were given the boys today to build comfortable quarters as we should probably remain here several weeks, I do not place much confidence in the latter part at best.
[FB] We searched but found no enemy.
[FW] Letter #236

1/6/1865
[GJ] A dull rainy day, with no news whatever stirring except it be vague rumors of the bombardment of Ft. Fisher by Admiral Porter. Wrote a letter home and sent it by this afternoon mail.
[FB] It is raining and we received bad rations and bad water.

1/7/1865
[GJ] Cleared off last night and this morning cleared and cold, with a stiff northwest breeze, reminding me of - in my cold Northern home. The day passed idly by without and item of interest occurring. It seems an age since I last heard form my dear Parents.
[FW] Letter #238

1/8/1865
[GJ] A dispatch in the "Cavannah Republican" this morning, stating that Putler had returned to Fortress Monroe with his expeditionary fleet "all safe" and that Porter was still thundering at the walls of Ft. Fisher. Commenced building a new house this afternoon. The sky was overcast for the greater part of the day with light fleecy clouds and the wind changed from N.W. to N. E. which foretells rain.

1/9/1865
[GJ] Finished and moved into my house today and consequently am now ready for marching orders. A camp rumor in circulation that General Butksford is on his way to his department to take command of the 20th corps. I trust it may prove time. Several light showers of rain fell this morning and this evening it is very dark and dreary.

1/10/1865
[GJ] Heavy showers today, accompanied with thunder. Still no mail and no news. Wrote a letter to R.----
[FB] Rainy weather and bad roads.

1/11/1865
[GJ] Passed the greater part of the day reading " The Grinnell Arche Expedition". Cloudy but no rain.
[FW] Letter #239

1/12/1865
[GJ] Cleared off last night and this morning the sun rose clear and beautiful if air unclouded sky. Rather cool this morning but at noon the shade was eagerly sought for. Played several games of chess this evening with Fred and is all except the last came off "Second Best"

1/13/1865
[GJ] A beautiful Clear day without a cloud in the horizon. Received a letter from home dated Dec. 27th. What a relief to hear once more that those who are near and dear to me are still well and happy.
[FW] Letter #240

1/14/1865
[GJ] There was Company drill this afternoon, the first in a long long time, Rev, John Keilien, our new Chaplain arrived this evening and for the present is to - with Charley. He is in belief, and Evangelical Lutheran, and speaks but very little English.
[FB] I am a little sick. Borrowed $2.00 from A. Ludwig.

1/15/1865
[GJ] Chaplain Keilien delivered an interesting sermon to the Regt. from the text found in 2 Corr. 5th Chapter, 19th to 21st verses inclusive, This is the first time service has been held in the 26th since being in the field.
[FB] Sunday. Beautiful weather. We had church services this morning at 11:30 A.M. The text was 2nd Corinthians, Chapter 5, verses 19-21. We received "hundred-year old" flour which was alive with worms.

1/16/1865
[GJ] A dull cloudy day. Played several games of chess and wrote a letter home. Rec'd orders this P.M. to march at 8 0'clock A. I. tomorrow, but the order has since been revoked as far as concerns the 26th Wis. and the 136th N. Y. as these 2 Regts. are to remain as train guard.

1/17/1865
[GJ] Our Division marched toward Hardeville today, and the first division moved out from Savannah and occupies the vacated camps of our division this evening. Had a good meal of raw oysters today, the first in a long long time. We march tomorrow at 8 A.M.
[FB] We again received orders to be ready to march.
[FW] Letter #241

1/18/1865
[GJ] Marched this morning at 8 1/2 O'clock. No item of interest occurred during the day. We passed 2 or 3 deserted homes and a few small clearings but for most of the way the road led through a heavy pine forest. Reached the little village of Hardeeville about 1 O'clock P. M. and camped on the left of the Brigade having made about ten miles.
[FB] We marched about 5 miles to Hardeeville.

1/19/1865
[GJ]A very disagreeable and rainy day. Beat Capt. Grinmeyer at 2 games of chess.
[FB] Rest day - rainy weather, general inspection.

1/20/1865
[GJ] Still continues to rain. The roads in this flat country are already almost impassible, and the present campaign is at a "standstill". Hardeeville is a small country village of about a dozen wood houses, everywhere surrounded by a pine forest. Formerly there was a depot of the Sav. & Charleston R. R. Line. The Rebs have taken away all the rails and burned the ties here, probably they will use the iron to rebuild the Ga. road. The "Yanks" have torn the depot down to build themselves a house of.
[FB] Rainy weather.

1/21/1865
[GJ] Rain, Rain, rain and nothing but rain.
[FB] Rainy weather.
[FW] Letter #242

1/22/1865
[GJ] Though there were a few stars visible on retiring last night yet the first sound that greeted my ears on awakening this morning was the dismal "patter of the rain" on the roof. Rained all day. The roads now are a perfect - sea of water.
[FS] On the 22nd of January, 1865, I left Camp Butler in Springfield and left for Madison, Wisconsin.
[FB] We went foraging today about 8 miles from camp. We brought back some sweet potatoes and pork. No enemy was seen. Bad roads.

1/23/1865
[GJ] Am happy to chronicle the fact of enjoying a fine clear day. From the north consequently quite cold.

1/24/1865
[GJ] Had dress parade this evening. Rec'd a letter from R.- dated Nov. 22nd mailed answer. A Reconnoitering party mounted on mules went out on the Robertsville road to under the command of Major Lacknor.
[FW] Letter #243

1/25/1865
[GJ] The reconnoitering party returned this evening having been near Robertsville.
They met a small party of Rebel, but they gave no serious resistance, Maj. Lacknor reports a brigade of Rebel cavalry to be camped near Robertsville.
[FB] It got so cold today and h inch ice freezes every night.

1/26/1865
[GJ] A fine clear day, Dress Parade this evening. If this fine weather continues we will probably march in a few days.
[FW] Letter #244

1/27/1865
[GJ] Passed the day in reading Lasso. It now has a double interest for me-besides its own mitmisic worth as a gem of literature, it was a favorite & a gift of my nearest and dearest friend of former years- Edward Tremlese who now rests in the cold grave. I never read a line of his pages without thinking of him. I can hardly realize the awful truth that I never again shall see him on earth.

1/28/1865
[GJ] A clear cold day. Water was frozen in all the little ponds last night, as thick as a silver dollar. Re'cd a kind and interesting letter from my old friend G - U. The loss of so many companions and friends within the last year, makes those that are left, doubly dear to me and a letter of friendship as received with gratitude. l have just received orders to march at 7 A. M. tomorrow.
[FB] We received march orders.

1/29/1865
[GJ] Reveille at 1/2 past four this morning and at 7 O'clock we started again on our Northward march. Traveled vary fast & without any interruptions, the cavalry through which we passed was for the greater part of the way, a wilderness of pine. I saw one occupied house today. Camped before dark in a large corn field. I am tired & weary as we marched bout 20 miles today without a dinner halt. Just rec'd orders to march in the morning at 7 O'clock.
[FB] We marched about 8 miles in 6 hours.

1/30/1865
[GJ] Just as the sun was peeping above the horizon our bugler sounded the "forward" and we were again on the move,. The air was cool and bracing and we marched without a moments halt until we reached Corps Leo Otis at Robertsville, some seven miles from our starting point. Camped a little to the N. E . side of the village. The country through which we passed was mostly under cultivation, but the inhabitants have all fled, leaving their houses and in many cases their furniture to the mercy of the 'Yanks"
[FB] we marched to Robinsonville.

1/31/1865
[GJ] Moved through Robertsville this morning and camped in a large corn field about three miles from Sisters Ferry. Robertsville is a little larger than Hardersville, with a fine church and splendid shade trees. The "Chivalry" have nearly all left. The chief productions of the surrounding country for the past year appears to have been corn and cotton.
[FB] Rest day.
[FW] Letter #245

2/1/1865
[FB] Marched.

2/3/1865
[FB] We live again off cornmeal, pork and sweet potatoes.

2/8/1865
[FB] It has cleared up after a two day rain. We destroyed the Augusta Charleston train.

2/9/1865
[FB] Destroyed another train.

2/10/1865
[FB] Destroyed another train 33 miles from Augusta. We marched through Williston.
[FW] Letter #246

2/11/1865
[FB] We waded the Big Salkehatchie River in water over our knees. We marched to Columbia.

2/12/1865
[FB] We crossed the South Edisto River.

2/15/1865
[FW] Letter #247

2/16/1865
[FB] We came to within 4 miles of Columbia.

2/17/1865
[FB] We marched in another direction .

2/18/1865
[FB] We crossed the Saluda River.

2/19/1865
[FB] We crossed the Broad River.

2/20/1865
[FW] Letter #248

2/21/1865
[FB] We came to the town of Winsboro in which a train was destroyed.

2/22/1865
[FB] Tonight we crossed the Wateree River on pontoons.

3/2/1865
[FW] Letter #249

3/4/1865
[FB] This morning we marched through Chesterfield.

3/5/1865
[FB] Rest day, but I had to forage over the border into North Carolina. There I put on my first pair of civilian pants and wore a stove-pipe hat.
[FW] Letter #250

3/6/1865
[FB] Today we marched south again. At night we marched through the town of Cheraw and crossed the Great Pedee River at 3:00 o'clock.

3/12/1865
[FB] We marched 20 miles and came to within 2 1/2 miles of Fayetteville.

3/13/1865
[FB] Rest day. We had church services again.
[FW] Letter #251

3/14/1865
[FB] We crossed the Cape Fear River.

3/16/1865
[FB] We had a battle near Averrettsboro. We drove the Rebs from 2 breastworks and chased them for 2 1/2 miles before us until nightfall hindered our chase. Our regiment lost 1 Captain, 1 Lieutenant, 7 men and 8 men wounded.

3/17/1865
[FB] The Rebs escaped and we followed until noon.

3/18/1865
[FB] We returned to the battlefield and turned east. We waded the South River in water over our hips.

3/19/1865
[FB] We had a battle at Bentonville. We waded in water over our knees. The fight became "hot" and our regiment lost 2 dead and 5 wounded.

3/21/1865
[FW] Letter #252

3/22/1865
[FB] We marched to Goldsboro.

3/23/1865
[FB] Tonight we crossed the Neuse River on pontoons and came to within 5 miles of Goldsboro.

3/24/1865
[FB] We marched in parade through Goldsboro.
[FS] On March 24, I was discharged from the service of The United States by reason Surgeon Certificate of Disability
[FW] Letter #253

3/25/1865
[FB] We erected our quarters about 3 miles north of Goldsboro to stay here for a time.

3/28/1865
[FW] Letter #254

4/1/1865
[FB] This morning we marched 27 miles southeast to Kingston as train guard.

4/2/1865
[FB] We came to Kingston at noon today.

4/3/1865
[FB] Tonight we were quartered in a wagon shop. Kingston is a small town on the Neuse River.
[FW] Letter #255

4/4/1865
[FB] This morning we marched at 6:00 A.M. back to Goldsboro into the afternoon at 3:00 o'clock. We marched 20 miles without rest.

4/5/1865
[FB] We got to camp at 10:00 o'clock.

4/6/1865
[FB] Our division stood review today before Major General Howard who is our new Corps Commander.

4/8/1865
[FB] We had general inspection before General Cogswell. He is a brave General.

4/9/1865
[FB] Received march orders and held church services at night.

4/10/1865
[FB] We marched in rain to Raleigh.

4/11/1865
[FB] We marched hard and many collapsed from exhaustion.

4/12/1865
[FB] This morning we marched through the small town of Smithfield. There we received the news that Petersburg and Richmond were captured. It is very warm and the woods is quite green, green, green.

4/13/1865
[FB] We came to Raleigh, which is the capital of North Carolina.

4/15/1865
{WP} Article #29

4/21/1865
[FB] Our Corps war, reviewed by Major General W. T. Sherman.

4/24/1865
[FB] We received march orders to march to the front

4/25/1865
[FB] Matched.

4/26/1865
[FB] Rest day.

4/27/1865
[FB] We lay still.

4/28/1865
[FB] We marched again to Raleigh.

4/29/1865
[FB] We lay still outside Raleigh. General Johnston probably has surrendered his army.
[FW] Letter #256

4/30/1865
[FB] We marched north with 20 cartridges per man.
[FW] Letter #257

5/1/1865
[FB] This morning we crossed the Neuse River and at night crossed the Tarr River.
[FW] Letter #258 (Letter dated 4/31/1865)

5/3/1865
[FB] This morning we marched through Williamsboro. In the afternoon we crossed the Roanoke River on pontoons and crossed the border at the same time.

5/4/1865
[FB] We crossed the Meeherren River. The days are very warm. We have yet to go 76 miles to Richmond.
[FW] Letter #259

5/5/1865
[GJ] Left Camp at 5 O'clock this morning, Marched steadily until about noon when after crossing the Northeway River, stopped an hour for dinner. Marched about a mile further. The extreme heat made the horses give out on the road. So we went into camp having marched 19 miles. The country through which we passed not much cultivated timber, mostly red and white oak. Saw one field of wheat just heading out.

5/6/1865
[GJ] Marched this morning at 5 O'clock, there was just rain enough last night to lay the dust and for a couple of hours it was cool and pleasant. We struck the south side railroad at Black and White Station. The old 6th Corps are at present scattered along the line of this road. Marched about 14 miles and camped a little after noon in a pleasant pine grove.

5/7/1865
[GJ] Left camp at 4 1/2 O'Clock, Traveled on by roads through the woods nearly all day. Crossed the Appomattox on a pontoon bridge about two mile below Bivels' Bridge. The north bank of the river at the crossing is very low and flat for a distance of nearly 1/2 mile back and bears evidence of having bean overflown with the spring freshet. Camped near Cloven Hill a little after noon having made about 18 miles.
[FB] We crossed the Appommattox River on pontoons.
[FW] Letter #260

5/8/1865
[GJ] Was on the move at about 5 O'Clock this morning. Passed through the little village of Clover Hill which seems to have been chiefly important for it's coal mines. There is a railroad connecting this place with the Richmond and Petersburg railroad. Marched about 17 miles and comped in a pine woods about 7 miles from Richmond. The supply were went to Manchester to load supples to last us to Alexandria. This may be the end of out on to Richmond movement having mad 170 miles in 9 years.
[FB] We came to within 9 miles of Richmond.

5/9/1865
[GJ] Moved camp a mile or two nearer town today. Rode to Manchester this afternoon and bought a stock of goods for our mess. Lutherans areas thick as in a box brisket. Rained quite hard last night and as a consequence the layer roads are very muddy. We have orders to march tomorrow. We are to pass through Richmond in review by General Halleck. Had a splendid supper and among other treats fried Irish potatoes. General Sherman arrived this afternoon.
[FB] We came 3 miles closer to the city.
[FW] Letter #261

5/10/1865
[GJ] Our orders for marching were countermanded this morning at daylight and we remained in camp all day. It seems that General Sherman scouts the idea of having his army reviewed boy General Halleck and we are to simply march in Company column through Richmond without giving General Halleck the honor of reviewing us.
[FB] May Rest day.

5/11/1865
[GJ] Started on our Alexandria march at about 11 O'clock this morning the 14th Corps having the advance. General. Devlin's division of the 24th Corps was paraded on the principal street in Manchester reaching nearly the whole length of the town and received us with " present Arms ", bands playing, and their hearty cheers. Marched through the heart of Richmond, passing by "Castle Thunder" "Libby Prison" the Capitol, City Hall. The equestrian bronze statue of Washington in the Capitol Square is the finest one ever saw. Camped at Nish, 3 miles from town
[FB] We marched on parade through the City of Manchester. A brigade of the 3rd Division of the 24th Army Corps was lined up on the main street and it greeted US with thundering hurrahs and drums. Then we crossed the James River. We marched past Libby prison down the main street of Richmond. We then camped overnight 3 miles north of the city and it rained heavily. Manchester is a middle-size city on the south bank of the James River. Richmond is a large, beautiful city on the north bank of the James River. A part of the city consisted of mostly beautiful buildings which were burned down by the Rebs before their departure.

5/12/1865
[GJ] Marched this morning at 7:30 but bad roads occasioned by the heavy rain of last night we made but very slow progress. Crossed the north branch of the Chicahommy and Stoney river. Passed over the battle field of Shepherd Hill where Gen'l. E. B. Stuart received his mortal wound about a year ago.
[FB] We marched north about 9 miles and crossed the Chickahominy River.

5/13/1865
[GJ] Left Camp at 6 O'clock this morning. Crossed the Fredericksburg Railroad at Ashland, which is pretty little town of about a dozen houses. Crossed the South Anna on an old trestle bridge and the New Fond River on a bridge of rails. The original lumber of the country seems to have been had-wood, but in many places what once was tobacco fields, are now covered with a thick growth of ferns, some of them a foot in diameter. Camped at 5 O'clock P. M. having made about 19 miles.
[FB] We marched through McClellan's Swamp past Ashlin's Station. At noon we crossed the South Anna River.

5/14/1865
[GJ] Marched this morning at 6:30. Crossed the Little River and the North Anna - latter on a pontoon. Passed through a tolerable fertile country thickly inhabited. Crossed the IA. Central railroad at the noon and just at evening caught a glimpse of the Smoky Summits of the Blue Ridge. Camped at dusk, having marched 19 miles.
[FB] We crossed the North Anna River.

5/15/1865
[GJ] Left Camp at 6 0'clock this morning. Crossed the Mat. La. Po. & N .Y. Rivers ,Passed through Spotslvania C. H. which is a little town of some dozen houses now full of air holes and ventilation caused by Yankee Artillery about a year ago. Marched along Lee's former line about 2 Miles westwardly when we turned to the North, Passing through a part of the wilderness- the Fricksburg and Gordoneviller plant road about 5 P.M. and after marching westwardly some 2 miles- on the Chancellorsville battle field, near the remains of the Villa having marched nearly 20 miles.
[FB] We marched through the Spotsylvania Court House and across the Wilderness Battlefield where it really looked wild. The trees lay around in all directions there were the breastworks, and hands, foot and heads stuck out of the graves. Nothing but graves and breast-work. The area was scattered for miles with cannisters, knapsacks and various articles of war. Tonight we camp on the Chancellorsville Battlefield, which looks very similar. The area is named for a farmer whose name was Chancellor. Two old destroyed brick buildings still stand there as a mute reminder that a farm was there.

5/16/1865
[GJ] Took a ride over the ill-fated field when we (the 11th Corps) were so badly defeated 2 years ago. Every spot seemed as natural and familiar to me as the dear yard at home. Distinguished the graves of 1 or two 26th boys, but by far the greater part are buried here or there over the field without a board to mark their resting place. I overtook the column at U. S. Ford, crossed the river on a pontoon. Marched by the way of Hartswood Church to within about 9 miles of Caletts Station , having made 22 miles.
[FB] We crossed the Rappahannock River on pontoons.

5/17/1865
[GJ] Started at 5 O'clock this morning. Marched in a very - course, passing a little to the right of Weaverville and Caletts Station and camped at Bernardsville having marched about 18 miles. The country through which we passed today is mostly grass grown common, the Army having burned all of the fences. The sod however is very fertile and splendid that in many years this section will again blossom as the - under the system of free labor.
[FB] We crossed Cedar River on the way to Cattel Station.

5/18/1865
[GJ] Reveille at 2:30 this morning and marched at 4:30, we, being the leading division. The country through which we passed today with the exception of the first 4 or 5 miles is but little washed by the savages of war. The weather was very warm indeed and the marching very severe on the boys. Passed through Fairfax Station and camped about 4 P.M. 14 miles from Alexandria having marched in a very - about 19 miles.
[FB] Very warm. We had to march very hard with little to eat. Half the company collapsed from exhaustion.

5/19/1865
[GJ] Very heavy showers last night, but cloudy and cool today. Started early and after marching about 4 miles stuck the "poke" out. Here we soon ran into the 14th Corps. and had to wait for them to get out of the way after noon. Camped at 2:30 about 5 miles from Alexandria. Rode to town this afternoon in company with the Major. The city has changed but very little since I was here 18 months ago.
[FB] We have arrived near Alexandria. There are few woods here but beautiful fields.

5/20/1865
[GJ] Remained in camp all day, No new ---. The boys are all jubilant over the prospect of soon going home. Helped out the officer of the day, lay out-camp ----. Almost forgot to mention that Gov. Lewis paid Regt. a flying visit today.
[FB] Rest Day.
[FW] Letter #262

5/21/1865
[GJ] Rained nearly all day. Rode down town for a little while, no news stirring. Read a 1etter from the G. once more.
[FB] Rest Day.

5/22/1865
[GJ] Still raining and dismal. I fear the roads will be very muddy for the review tomorrow and next day, Received a good letter from home this evening and also one from R.
[FB] Rest day.

Tuesday. May 23. 1865
[GJ] A beautiful bright cool day, Occupied the time in reading newspapers. Should have been much pleased to have witnessed the review of the Glorious Old Army of the Potomac today, but must be content seeing Sherman's army reviewed tomorrow. We now have orders to move at 5 O'clock A.M. tomorrow, After the review we are to encamp on the other side of Washington. The knapsacks and equipment are to be transported in wagons.
[FB] Rest day.
[FW] Letter #263

5/24/1865
[GJ] Broke camps 5 A.M. this morning, Crossed the long bridge and said farewell to old Virginia. The review was the grandest one I ever witnessed in point of numbers, both of spectators and troops, but I have seen much better marching, than was executed by mass today. This probably to their being in ------ columns closed in mass which is a poor formation to exhibit good marching, nearly every horse was had displayed the glorious old Stars and Stripes. The people manifested in every way their appreciation of the Army.
[FB] We marched past Alexandria, across the Potomac River, past the Capital, and up Pennsylvania Avenue through Washington, the capital city of the U.S.A. We were reviewed by Lieutenant General U. S. Grant, Major General W. T. Sherman, and other Generals. Washington is a large, beautiful city. We are camped about 7 miles north of the city.

5/25/1865
[GJ] After the review yesterday we reached about 3 miles from town and encamped near at Ft. Lincoln in a dense forest. Rather rainy and dismal this morning. Helped the officer of the day layout camp, hope this will be the last camp of the 26th as we expect to muster out here. The daily papers give us more honor than we deserve in the accounts of yesterday review.
[FB] Rest day.

5/26/1865
[GJ] A dismal rainy day with no news stirring except it be the aspect of blank muster out rolls now an order that this army would be paid before 1eaving here.
[FB] Rainy weather. We received bad short rations. When we can't buy our rations, we must go hungry and our money is short.

5/27/1865
[GJ] Cleared off today and there is now a prospect of fair weather once more.
[FB] For the first time we received a little bread.

5/28/1865
[GJ] Most of the officers of the regt., in town today, Received a supply of blanks from the Adj. Genl. office.

5/29/1865
[GJ] Work is now crowding fast as the sooner we get our necessary papers completed the sooner we will go home.

5/30/1865
[GJ] Went to Washington today, Visited the Patent Office. Capitol, & Smithsonian Institute. Think I never spent a day of my life more beneficially. The architecture sculpture and painting exhibits in the Capitol is truly magnificent. The painting which most struck my fancy was the battle of Chasultyseck, and the sculptor of the dying Tecumseh could not be excelled in expression even by life itself. Space forbids a mention of the sights to be seen.

5/31/1865
[GJ] Was very busy all day helping make out the muster out rolls of the regiment. Have scarcely time to make a not in my journal without informing on the house of sleep, and it is now near midnite. Very warm and fine day.

6/1/1865
[GJ] Very busy all day.

6/2/1865
[GJ] Nothing to journalize but the dull routine of work at the muster papers.

6/3/1865
[GJ] A calm quiet Sabbath. This afternoon we in company with the other Wis. Regiments of the Army of Georgia turned out to receive ex-Gov. Randall, who is now Asst. P. M. General. We marched about 3 miles and drew up in square Gov. Randall was introduced by General Hobart the ex Gov. made rather a vague speech, not very interesting to the boys, we returned home concluding that considering the heat and clouds of dust which we had to endure, that we had paid rather dear for the whistle.
{WP} Article #30

6/5/1865
[GJ] Went to Washington today. I drew my pay as an enlisted man on my "final statement." Very warm indeed.

6/6/1865
[GJ] Quite cool today. The Company officers have now got their rolls abut done and there is prospect of our getting home next week.

6/7/1865
[GJ] Saw Capt. Beecher this morning and he days it will be at least 5 days before he is ready to examine our rolls. There was an order in circulation today stating that all officers wishing to remain in the service should at once make application accordingly.
[FW] Letter #264

6/8/1865
[GJ] Too warm to work, so I idled away my time as best I could. Time seems to go very slowly now that I can almost count the days I am yet to remain in the service. {End of George Jone's Diary}

6/9/1865
[FB] We 64'ers left the 26th Regiment and were reassigned to the 3rd Wisconsin Regiment.

6/10/1865
[FB] We marched to the depot in Washington. I visited the Capital, which is the most beautiful building in the U.S. It is made completely of marble. A pool in the Capital contained goldfish 2-10 Inches long. Our present regiment is a lovely outfit. Today a dozen fights occurred. At night we left for the west.
[FW] Letter #265 {End of Fred Winkler's Letters.}

6/13/1865
[FB] In the morning we got off the train at Parkersburg. At noon we boarded a steamboat and went down the Ohio River.

6/16/1865
[FB] This morning we arrived at Louisville, Kentucky. We left the boat and marched about 5 miles southeast of the city where we set up camp.

6/17/1865
{MS} Article #94

6/18/1865
[FB] We stood inspection with-out rifles.

6/19/1865
[FB] We were to have exercises without rifles, but we ran off. We are no longer just recruits.
{MS} Article #95
{WD} Article #9

6/25/1865
{MS} Article #97

6/29/1865
[FB] We were paid off. I received after 8 months $128.00 regular pay and $40.00 bounty.

7/4/1865
[FB] Today we had a hot day. In the morning we stood review before Major General Williams on a large field. The sun was so hot and we had to stand there like idiots for 2 full hours. The young men dropped like moths unconscious. In the afternoon it cooled off and Major General W. T. Sherman assembled the leftovers of the once 20th Army Corps and said good-bye to us. He lauded our bravery in the field and gave a very moving speech. At the end we gave him 12 hurrahs and went back to camp.

7/20/1865
[FB] We officially left the service of the U.S.

7/21/1865
[FB] We left our quarters and marched through Louisville to New Albany where we boarded the train for home.

7/23/1865
[FB] In the morning we arrived at Chicago and rode to Madison, where we arrived at night. We received a good meal and marched to Camp Randall.

7/24/1865
[FB] We signed our pay vouchers and in the evening left on furlough for home by train.

7/25/1865
[FB] This morning we arrived in Milwaukee and at 8:00 A.M. boarded the steamer "Planet". We arrived at Manitowoc at night. I came home at 11:30P.M.

7/26/1865
[FB] I worked a little in the haymow but it did not work out too well.

8/1/1865
[FB] We went back to Milwaukee again where we had a little fun.

8/2/1865
[FB] We rode from Milwaukee to Madison.

8/3/1865
[FB] We were to be paid off but the date was postponed again to the 15th. We then put it into the hands of the city mayor who would send it to us. We left then.

8/4/1865
[FB] I stayed in Milwaukee.

8/5/1865
[FB] I came home again.

10/9/1865 [FB] I received my pay and took leave of the military. Now the soldier story is ended. I quite enjoyed it. {End of Frederick Buerstatte's Diary}