Diary of 
Corporal Alonzo Miller, Company A.



1/1/1864
It was one of the coldest days I ever saw. It was 36 below zero. I went to Hastings. I froze my ear and three of my toes. For dinner turkey and plum pudding.

1/2/1864
I remained home except going to town three times in the course of the day, and rode doe hill four times. I cut wood for father. In the eve I spent with Mrs. Bailey.

1/3/1864
Attended Church all day, also was at the Sabbath School. I felt very nice and fully demonstrated my feelings. Still continues cold. Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Miller preached in the evening.

11/4/1864
Jap and I started for a walk in the country. He stopped at Levi Baileys. I went on to Smith's, then to Hamblens, back to Smith's. Jap came up there; then we walked home.

1/5/64
In the morning I spoke for Moses' team and net C; 4 from Griffens, F. A., T. G., Jap, W. C. - all went to Hastings. They all took tea at fathers and spent the eve. I went home with Miss Bingam, F. A., T. G. and W. C.

1/6/64
I remained home. Went around town twice in the course of the day time. Evening I spent home. Pay was there.

1/7/64
I loafed around town in the forepart of the day. In the afternoon I cut wood for father. In the eve I got the mail and remained home and read.

1/8/64
Father and I took Colen's horse and our guns; went up to Mr. Smith's and rabbiting. He shot a quail. I shot two rabbits. I went to Hamblenn's, then we came home. Eve I went to G. T. Bailey's.

1/9/64
I remained around town, took our me a pair of boots for $7.00. In the evening with S. H., T. P. B., S. T. G., ladies O. B., Miss House, S. Bakers and S. E. Miller to Mr. Hanblen's.

1/10/64
In the morning I went to the Me. Church and to Sabbath School. I am now teacher of two classes. In the eve went to the Vespers and to the Union Prayer Meeting.

1/11/64
I remained in town all day. Got my boots, paid $7.00 for them, and pitched off one load of hay for Griffen.

1/12/64
Griffen and I started for the Island at half past six for hay. We got two loads. In the eve I went to town.

1/13/64
In the morn I pitched off on load of hay and went six miles after another for father. I pitched toe top on three times and we turned ever within a rod of the barn.

1/14/64
I went to mill and got on bag of flower. Jap came home with me. In the afternoon Jap and I went with Townsend and got a load of hay for McCray. In the eve we went to Mr. Diebesbe's.

1/15/64
I remained around town of Prescott. Did nothing but got read to go to the war. In the eve Clarey Bailey was to our house. I went home for her.

1/16/64
In the morning Jap and I went to Hastings and Candlers, then home again. At 3 o'clock we went into the country to see Levi. I went to Smiths, H. Pieble, E. Hamblen, S. Hamblen - all came there. We had a nice time - candy pull.

1/17/64
I came home from Smiths. Went to Church. Mr. Hamilton preached. I got some Hiatt medicine done no use.. I went to Griffen, then to Mary Garners, then to Church with her and home again. Mr. Hmilton preached to us soldiers.

1/18/64
We started for Dixie - 25 of us. We went down on the River Redwing. We stopped at Diamond Bluff for dinner, then on the Redwing. Stayed all night. Before 4 PM I went to Mr. House and took tea and got some medicine.

1/19/64
I left Redwing and went to Lake City. Got dinner at the American House, then to Wabashan little after 4 0'clock PM, and stopped at the Weston House. We got kept for 75c a piece.

1/20/64
I left Wabasha AM, and took dinner at Minneske, form there to Winona and stopped at half past 4 PM for the night. The fare is 75c at the Banderhouse. We stopped at the Farmers Exchange for dinner 25c.

1/21/64
I left Winona in the morn and took dinner at Richmond for 25c. From there to LaCrosse a little after 2 o'clock. We are kept for 75c. I got three sheets of music 75c, crackers and cheese 75c.

1/22/64
We left LaCrosse at 9 o'clock AM, and got aboard the cars and rode to Minnesota Junction. There we changed cars and went to Milton Junction. There we changed cars and went to Madison and found the Colonel.

1/23/64
In the morn we around town and to Camp Randall. There we were examined, then taken to the barracks. We didn't do anything until night, the supper, sour bread, beans, pieces of pork. We washed out dishes. We got our blankets.

1/24/64
I went up to the mess house and after some difficulty we got our own meal, then we passed general examination. Jap and all passed. We went to town. We went into the hospital, to the Engine House, saw 12 engines. Then we went up to the Camp. I wrote a letter to Smith.

1/25/64
I got my breakfast without any difficulty. I was detailed to get rations. There were quite a number left Camp. I was mustered in the United States (Army) and was detailed to watch the fire.

1/26/64
In the morning I went all ever the Camp; got a board and fixed our berth. Got our dinner after 3 o'clock. I signed 8 papers which they (call) the payroll. In the eve I went and stole some straw.

1/27/64
In the morning I went around Camp, then I was put in charge and had to draw for 99 men. I was appointed Sergeant of the Squad No. 3 by the Lieutenant and put on the fire guard, two hors a piece.

1/28/64
In the morn I acted Sergeant. I detailed men to cut wood and went with 7. Got the rations, and Jap got me a cap for $1.86 with 'A' 12th Wis.

1/29/64
Capt. gave me his squad and I detailed some of his men to get rations. At supper I called the roll for my squad and his. Some of the 4th Cavalry left our barracks. I got a top bunk.

1/30/64
I was not on duty at all. I wrote a letter to Esther Hamblen. We had to move into another barracks. I slept on a bench by the stove. All well. It was a mix. I got my clothes.

1/31/64
In the morning I swept out the shanty and we voted in J. Tayler to cook, then we mopped the floor. It snowed all day. Jap and I sleep on the floor or in our bunk on the boards. In the eve I went to Prayer Meeting.

2/l/64
In the morning I fixed my clothes, sewed on buttons and fixed the button holes. Read some. Went to the he sutlers got some beer and apples. We got our dinner at half past three PM in the eve I stayed in the barracks.

2/2/64
I remained in Camp all day and helped fetch some food across the street. Cut some food, brought it in the office and lots in the office.

2/3/64
I went up town and got me a cap for $12.60 with letters. The government paid me $73. I sent a check home to father. I sat for my picture to be taken. I got Capt's picture, some buttons 75c.

2/4/64
I remained in camp laid around. Did nothing. Read some. Chopped some wood. Maxon's men came in Camp 11 of them. The men paid me all that they owed.

2/5/64
I remained in camp all day writing a letter to Clary Bailey. I stayed in the office all the time and had half a pie honey and bread boiled rice.

2/6/64
I went up town. I went in the State Bank, then to the Post Office. I went and got my picture and pass, and stood for to be taken, 4 -for a dollar, then I went with Otis to the dentist. I went around town.

2/7/64
In the morning I dressed for inspection orders. Paraded, then I got a cup of milk and had some bread and milk. For supper I had rice, meat, bread and I had coffee. In the eve, I was with others, took a pass and went to church, the text I Corinthians, 13 Chapt., 13 Verse.

2/8/64
I set in the office a letter to Jerry and sent Jap and my picture. Made a bench for the Orderly Sergeant.

2/9/64
I went up town with a squad of men. I got my photographs, 6 in all $1.25. Then Charley Miller, Jo Severone, L. D. Davis, G. Miles, T. Carr and myself had our pictures taken, $3.00.

2/10/64
I remained in camp and drilled for the first time to march In the PM we drilled to march. In the eve I went around Camp.

2/11/64
In the morning Jap and I went up town. I got a box and put our clothes in the box cost 25c. The freight was $2.50. Then I got a shave and hair cut 30c. With my hair cut I sat three times for my picture to be taken. I received a letter from Esther.

2/12/64
In the morning I drilled on marching, then I took French - went up town; went in the Capitol there I had my picture taken with the rest.

2/13/64
I went through with the morning drill. I took a friend's pass and went up town, had some money changed and went all ever town. Got a house wife $1.00, some letter paper, and a quire 30c. I wrote a letter to Esther and receive a letter from home.

2/14/64
In the morning we drilled and were inspected, then I commence writing to father. I had for dinner milk toast. in the eve Jap and I went others in town to Church Galtberry preached.

2/15/64
The guard house burned up. In the morning I went through with a battery on drill. Then I went up and got my coat fixed. and visited in the Historical Room. In the eve I got knapsack, haversack, and canteen.

2/16/64
In the morning I got our orders and I had a chicken, crackers and cheese. About 2 o'clock we started for the depot. We changed cars at Jonesville and stayed at Chicago all night.

2/18, 19 and 20/1864
In the morning I walked through the cars. There were 2 engines, and 14 cars. The country mostly woods. I got in Cairo about 9 o'clock. We got our dinner at the Soldiers' Home. We started there until nine o'clock, than went down to the boat, then we made our bed of corn on the floor. I rested very well. I got my breakfast of hardtack and raw ham dinner the same. Supper I made of coffee in the new coffee pot. We started from Cairo at half past 4 o'clock PM. Made my bed of corn. They brought in some hogs to sleep with me. I got up, got my breakfast. I went on the shore of Tennessee, cut a tree down and played there some time. I went upon deck. I got some cotton and saw Ft. Pillow and saw lots of Southerners. C. E. Hilllman (name of boat).

2/21/64
I was at Memphis. I went on land and went around the city and in the Park, saw the squirrels, got some cake and beer, went and got some rations and got on the boat Westmoreland. We started at 5 o'clock PM. I slept by the Pilot House. I fought fire in the night.

2/22/64
In the morning I was still going down the river. We got our breakfast. I saw the gun boats going up the river. I went in one [Black Slang] camp. In the eve the toads peeped and the bats flew around. I sleep in the wash room - I didn't sleep very well.

2/23/64
I was sailing down the river and I washed clothes and got a peach blossom while the boat was getting good. Got to Vicksburg at half past 4 PM. It is a rolling place. We started for camp 8 miles. We got there about 11 o'clock. We had a tent. We slept on the ground.

2/24/64
…I heard the drums beat to get up. We got our breakfast at the darky tent and went and got some water to drink. After dinner I went and washed me almost all ever and took dinner with J,-P. Supper was fried hardtack.

2/25/64
I pitch quarters and went and got some grass to make beds of. After dinner I wrote a letter to Sarah, two sheets. Got my supper of fried hardtack. In the eve I heard the brass band play and got some water.

2/26/64
I went and got two pails of water and a letter to Smith, one sheets and a half and laid around in the tents. Read some. In the eve I stayed with Smith.

2/27/64
I got up to roll call and went for breakfast, than I went and drilled. Cap drilled us. Then I washed my drawers. At noon we had a roll call and at eve we drilled. Smith got me a bottle of medicine - 50c.

2/28/64
I was around to roll call, then to meeting. The text be found in the 8th Chapter of John, 31 verse. I laid around camp and followed Jap to the hospital.

2/29/64
I got ready to go on picket and went some two miles. The number was 7. I went on from 7 o'clock till 9. I sleep nicely. We stayed in a cotton mill. We had a good fire all night. It rained all night.

3/1/64
In the morning I went on guard from 7 till 8. At 10 o'clock AM. We all were relieved. Went to camp, then went to see Jap. He was better. I played wicket bill, pitched quarters and stayed with Smith.

3/2/64
I tended to Jap and Farnsworth in the hospital. Chopped some food. Helped get dinner, drilled, played ball, got some water to drink and some of the boys came in. Algreen came in - he looks hard.

3/3/64
I read some of Jap's letters and stayed with him for a while. Drilled to march, got dinner and wrote one letter to Griffin and laid around camp, tended Jap and the rest of the sick boys.

3/4/64
I fixed up a bunk. The old Regiment came here in camp. We had to give up our tents. I was put on fatigue duty to watch cattle 24 hrs. I did not sleep any. I got a letter from Jerry.

3/5/64
I was on duty from 6 to 8 o'clock. I came in camp and got my breakfast, then went back and read. I went to see Jap. He was very sick. I sleep on the ground.

3/6/64
I was put in a new squad to eat. I got rations for 5 day. Jap is a little better. I got ready for inspection - that blew away. In eve I helped fix a place to sleep. I sleep with Barrett.

3/7/64
In the morning we had orders to have all our things ready to march by 5 o'clock. The Rebs were close upon us. That all died away by noon. I made two bags fixed my knapsack. They give all a ration of wine.

3/8/64
I got a letter from father and wrote one to him and one to Jerry. Jap is a little better, I think. I have laid around camp, done nothings. I went up to the storehouse got, treated to apples.

3/9/64
In the morning we drilled to march. It rained real hard. The boys left the shebang and stuck to it and keep the blankets dry. I got a blouse, then I built up a fire, dried my things and sleep on the ground.

3/10/64
It rained some. We drilled to march. It cleared off. I went around the camps and back. I was to roll call, got our dinner and I pitched quarters and got beat.

3/ll/64
I got my breakfast and drilled to march. I wrote a letter to George. In the afternoon we drilled with guns then I got my sugar for 5 days and pitched quarters and got beat.

3/12/64
In the morning after breakfast we drilled with guns. Libba drilled us. I went to see Jap. He was gaining. In the PM the Lieut. drilled us, and pitched quarters and beat me, then we were called up to headquarters, and the veterans had orders to leave.

3/13/64
In the morning we were all up and got ready to leave, then waited till 3 o'clock. The old vets started for home. Pearce gave me 2 blankets. I got a real good tent with heat, and Lester and Copp had a good time cooking.

3/14/64
I eat my breakfast, Sam, Carley and Barrett cook, then I played ball most of the time. I washed my socks, Jap wrote a letter. I mailed it.

3/15/64
I played ball, then its ordered on picket with Lester. We took rations for 24 hours. It was on the road to Black River. In the eve I shot at a black squirrel. The gun kicked me. I was in the day time and . . . .2 o'clock.

3/16/64
I was on picket. We had our dinner brought to us. Was relieved by 10 o'clock. Was on 36 hours. I got my sugar. I bought 50c worth of letter stamps and one quire of paper 35c.

3/17/64
I got a letter from E. H. This morning was cold and frosty. I went to see Jap. He came outdoors for the first (time). I went and got some moss to make a pillow took a nap, read some, pitched quartets.

3/18/64
After the morning duties I wrote a letter to Esther Hamblen, then I mended my coat and socks. In the eve To I went to church - 16 joined the Church.

3/19/64
I got my gun cartridge box and the rest of the fixings, and wrote a letter to Mr. Flarty and, drilled with guns. In the eve went to church. There were 17 joined the Church which made 312 that had joined. It commenced raining just as I got in.

3/20/64
In the morning it was lowery. I went in the hospital. Jap is getting better. Then I lie in the tent and read and sleep. I went out to carry the pickets some dinner, and back. I lay down in my tent for I was not well.

3/21/64
I rained and was a lowery day. I was sick and it was cold. I visited the hospital. Jap and the rest seemed to gain health. I got an orange for 5c. I went to bed at sundown. It snowed it snowed all night and rained.

3/22/64
In the morning it cleared off. I went and got some sweet gum and traded some coffee for some pies, 12 in all, Then I fired my gun at a mark twice. I came the nearest. Jap came out of the hospital and sleeps with me.

3/23/64
In the morning I went on picket. I bought some sweet milk. I had milk in my coffee and a piece of sweet cake which was a treat. I had to stand in the night from 3 to 5 in morn.

3/24/64
I was on picket. I went and got some water to make coffee. I had butter for breakfast. We were relieved. I came to camp, fixed my tent. It rained. I got a new rubber blanket, got two pies, and had a good nights rest.

3/25/64
In the morning I went to Black River, or the Depot. I had a nice ride in a mule wagon. It is no place at all. I got my sugar and other rations for 5 days. I got two pies.

3/26/64
I got my breakfast and drilled some with our guns, then read. There were 19 men come for Co. A. We nearly a company here. In the afternoon we drilled with guns. I read some and got two pies. I went and got some water.

3/27/64
In the morning we had inspection of our guns, then I went to a speaking meeting and saw the Cavalry, on dress parade. In the afternoon I lay in my tent reading, etc.

3/28/64
I drilled with guns and took my gun to pieces and cleaned it. In the afternoon we had a battalion drill and almost a regimental on the eve I remained in camp playing.

3/29/64
I went out on picket. I had some wenches' milk to put in my coffee. I roasted some pork on a stick. My number is 9. I come on 4 PM - 5, stood one hour.

3/30/64
I was on picket 4-5 A.M. Stood one hour and was relieved at 9 o'clock AM. Went to camp, drilled with guns. In the PM had a battalion drill with the whole regiment.

3/31/64
In the morning I drilled with my gun. I was orderly. Then I washed sores clothes. In the PM, it was lowery. I read some and wrote a letter to mother. It rained real hard and there was a rainbow.

4/1/64
In the morning I drilled with my gun. At noon the orders to leave, so we packed up our knapsack and struck and was moving to Vicksburg. I guarded on wagon on the road. We got in on the steamboat 8 o'clock.

4/2/64
I left Vicksburg 10 o'clock A.M. on the boat named John I. Roe. We stopped to food about noon. The boa did not stop any more. I sleep by the smoke pipe.

4/3/64
The fire burned a hole in rubber blanket. I ate a pie - coconut. We passed two gunboats. Some boys got molasses for sugar. In the eve it rained. I began to look up a place to sleep on the boxes.

4/4/64
I did not sleep very well. It was so cold. It was a disagreeable day. We keep coming up the river. At night I made up my bed on the upper deck.

4/5/64
I slept well. In the morning we stopped at Pelena. Got some hardtack. I wrote one letter to E.H. and one to Clary Bailey. I made up my bed on the upper deck.

4/6/64
I sleep well. We got to Memphis at twelve in the night. I mailed my letters, bought one pound of butter for 25c and of dried beef, and look around the city. We left 10 o'clock.

4/7/64
We left Memphis 10 o'clock. We stopped to good. I got a mock orange in Arkansas. There were two boats passed us. I saw one place sheep, horses, cows, fields fenced in. I was put on guard to watch the sugar. It rained. I sleep in the cabin.

4/8/64
In the morning we passed Hickman, 40 miles from Cairo. We stopped at Columbus which is 20 miles from Cairo. We got to Cairo at 12. Unloaded, went to camp and I wrote a letter to father. A little way from Ohio River, did not get to camp until dark.

4/9/64
I sleep grand. In the morning we had to set our tent. I got some cornstalks to make a bed of. It rained here, it is a muddy hole. I am not very well.

4/10/64
It is a lowery morning. Jap and I went to the Ohio River and washed. I am very near sick too. I sleep most of the time. I eat a little toasted bread and butter.

4/11/64
I went to the city, of Cairo. Got Jap's watch fixed and left mine. I bought 5 pounds of dried apples, 2 pounds of figs, and I got lumber to build a berty. Guarding mule train. I went on at 11 and off by 1. The Regiment left camp about 10 o'clock PM.

4/12/64
They have not got back yet. I made our bunk. It is lonesome. In the PM I went to town, got my watch, paid $2 for cleaning it, and remained until night. Got some figs, 6 for a dime, 3 apples 5c.

4/13/64
I remained in camp, read some and passed away the time the best I could, and got some shavings to make a bed, then I went to the river down town when two steam boats, filled with soldiers, went in camp with us.

4/14/64
In the forenoon I came off guard, stewed some dried apples, got my dinner then Jap and I went to town, remained there some time. I bought one lemon

10c. In the eve did nothing.

4/15/64
Sergeant Libba came back for the boy's blankets. The boys were in fighting order. We got all we could for them, then I went and did my washing, and washed myself. Got some wood for baking beans.

4/16/64
I remained in camp. Jap shaved me. I was called on for fatigue duty, but did not go. It was .... I played three games of ball, stewed some apples. In the eve went to Ohio, filled three canteens with water.

4/17/64
I got ready for Church. Jap and I went to the Me. Church. It rained. We came to camp. Rube Gwynn was thee when I came. Rec,d a letter from Smith. In the eve got some more.

4/18/64
I went down town in the forenoon. Got some turpentine and a teapot. In the afternoon mended one, and wrote a letter to Smith and Bailey. I was on guard at night from 11 to 3.

4/19/64
In the morning Jap and I event and washed ourselves all ever, and washed our clothes. In the PM I stewed some apples and went and got some water for supper,

4/20/64
After the morning work I went out with Wakes hunting. We went up the railroad 5 miles, then we struck out for the Miss. River. We drove up a drove off hogs, wild. We did not get any. I got a tusk 4 inches on a straight line and 6 around and some flowers.

4/21/64
To see how white folks live I walked 13 miles. I went out with Wakes and Bersley. We went the same place. I shot a loon and one gray squirrel. The others shot one hog. I got turned around. I came out alright. It rained. I got a letter from home dated 13th of March.

4/22/64
In the morning I made some batter cakes, baked them, they went good for the first time. It rained all day. At noon I made some meat cakes. They were good. I wrote a letter home. I went and got our bread baked by a woman. I went on guard at night - wagons. It rained.

4/23/64
I come off guard, got breakfast, stewed some apples, rubbed up my gun went, got our bread. It was the very best of bread. It rained. Weed and I went to the woman to cook for us, we made a bargain. We draw rations. It rained. I got a letter from home - March.

4/24/64
It rained. I went to Church. We had a good sermon given us. It rained. I stayed in my tent almost all day and read some, fried some meat for dinner, and made tea for supper, and went to bed. I got a letter from E. H.

4/25/64
It was clear. I got breakfast, and was put on guard the horses. Wrote a letter to E. Famblen. In the eve I went to town, got some writing paper 30c a quire, a hank of thread 10c turpentine 10c, and other medicine 25c.

4/26/64
We drilled with guns, then I went to cooking some pork and beans, stewed some apples, got supper, got my hair cut short and went to the Ohio River. Got some water. The Veterans of the 11th N. Jersey they were the best looking of any I have seen.

4/27/64
I wrote a letter to father, also sent my evercoat home to him. We are in suspense for we are to be ready to go at ten minutes warning. I got a sheath for wood knife 500. Got aboard of the boat Pocho 8 PM. I got two papers from home.

4/28/64
We lay at Cairo. I slept in the cabin on the floor. They were so thick we could not lay straight. We left Cairo at noon, went up the Ohio to Paducah where we stayed all night. I sold sugar. I slept in the cabin.

4/29/64
In the morning we went up the Tennessee, six boats all together and two tun boats. We were ordered to put on our guns, called up on deck. Stood around and in the eve also, in the rain. I did not get wet. Stopped in the river all night.

4/30/64
We started in the morning. We went up the river. Passed quite nice farms. It rained some and at 5 o'clock PM. We stopped at Clifton and stayed all night. I sleep in cabin.

5/1/64
We were waked up at 4 o'clock AM. We left the boat at 8 o'clock, two miles, where we halted to remain until further orders. It is not much of a place. I went to work and made a tent of our rubber blanket.

5/2/64
In the morning I went to the spring, washed, got some water, wrote a letter to Sarah. In the afternoon we had a battalion drill. We went to town to drill. I got some blackberry root, made some tea, drank it.

5/3/64
In the morning I was ordered on guard, to guard the camp. They inspected my gun and drilled me as a guard. I was on twice in the day time and twice at night. I sleep on the ground. Caught cold.

5/4/64
In the morning we were called together as guard and disia4ssed. I fixed some hardtack, fried it, put salt & sugar in it, coffee and sowbelly roasted on a stick. Drilled, read.

5/5/64
In the morning roll call, then breakfast. I went to wash, got some water, then I read most of the time. Fixed pants, drilled, got ready to march by six o'clock. We started. We marched until 10 o'clock at night.

5/6/64
In the morning we started at 6 o'clock to march l8 miles. We passed through some farming county. I saw corn, sweet potatoes, a number of orchards. We stopped by a mid stream of water at noon. After noon we marched 5 miles all night.

5/7/64
We started at six o'clock to march till noon. We passed two large orchards. The boys got tired, threw away their things. It was warm. We stopped at sundown. We made 18 miles.

5/8/64
We started at quarter pass five A.M., traveled till 3 P.M. Stopped, got dinner. We dress hogs for dinner, then on till 11 o'clock P.M. We made the distance of 28 miles. We stopped at Pulaski., a town.

5/9/64
We started at quarter past five AM., did not stop only to let the wagons get ahead. We were the rear guard. The road was very bad. We passed by the most farming. We stopped at dark - 15 miles.

5/10/64
It rained in the forenoon. We killed 4 cattle. We started to cross into Alabama. We marched a little while, then it commenced raining hard. We kept on, and from then on it was wet. 13 1/2 miles.

5/11/64
In the morning we marched to Athens. We place is .... the mud is plenty. With some nice buildings and yards, roses were in bloom. We went into Camp. I made a bunk, then I went up to write. Locked up the place. ever 1 1/2 miles.

5/12/64
In the morning we were called up at 4 o'clock AM and formed into line of battle. We stacked arms, then we had inspection. I got some medicine for Weed. 8 of us went out. I catch a heifer, we kill it, brought it in Camp.

5/13/64
In the morning we were ordered out in a party into line, stack arms, then I was put on picket. I was on from two till 4 PM. There was no one passed. I built a bough house to sleep in. I did not rest well. Coughed most of the time.

5/14/64
In the morning the sun shone on my face and waked me up. I am nearly deaf. I came off picket, washed my clothes, drilled and am all ready for another march.

5/15/64
I was nearly sick. I lay in my bunk almost all day. In the eve I began to feel better. I ate some supper, went to wash and was refreshed.

5/16/64
In the morning I drilled, then wrote a letter to father. I went and tore some boards off the roof, house fixed, my bunk fixed, and went to the creek and washed.

5/17/64
In the morning we drilled, and move our camp, built a shanty, then we were ordered into light marching order and two days rations in our haversacks, and marched 12 miles to a place called Decatur. We started at 4 o'clock PM. and stopped at 9 eve, it raining almost all the way.

5/18/64
In the morning after breakfast we started back to Athens. We came back slow. We got in camp 2 o'clock PM. I passed some large plantations. The darkies were to work, 70 of them in one field.

5/19/64
We were ordered to Huntsville which we started for at 6 o'clock went 20 miles in a nice valley beside a large stream of water. We had fresh beef for supper and I was little tired.

5/20/64
About sunrise we started and got in to Huntsville and camp by 9 I took a nap, then went to the city. It has been something of a city in its day, We are ordered to Chattanooga. The order was countermanded.

5/21/64
In the morning after breakfast I washed my clothes, then I commenced a letter and finished it - it was for E.H. I had codfish for dinner and in the eve I bathed myself.

5/22/64
In the morning I got ready for picket and went in DeSam,s place. I was corporal. I did not have to do anything until 12 at night, then I changed guards, the countersign 'Jack Hill'.

5/23/64
I tended to relief guards until 9 o'clock AM, then we all were relieved. The veterans came. We had to move camp. Got 5 letters, one picture of Mrs. Smith.

5/24/64
I wrote one letter, sent it home in my dress coat. Went in a new mess, It rained some and got ready to march some where. Got a check for my board money while home.

5/25/64
In the morning we got ready to march. I got me a hat. About 8 we started. We stopped often but we made 18 miles. We stopped about 5 PM, to a place called Madison Junction.

5/26/64
In the morning we started again. We passed through a town called Bardsville, and we passed the largest cornfield I ever saw. We got into Decatur about 4 PM. I heard some cannonading.

5/27/64
We remained in camp until 4 P.M. We crossed the Tennessee River on a pontoon bridge - it was a hundred 37 rods long. We passed through the Camp and were the rear guard. We marched until nearly 1 AM, then rested.

5/28/64
In the morning up ... again by sunrise ... breakfast. We kept on. Halted a little while for dinner. We passed a place called Summerville, there camped. We traveled 21 miles.

5/29/64
We stayed in camp, watched for the train that took us until 2 PM, we started and marched until 3 in the morning through woods. We got our blankets spread, ate once, then called up to go on through mud and dark.

5/30/64
In morning about 9 Am we had some Rebs as prisoners, 28 of them. Our Company the train guard. We took up some beef. We went ever the mountain into Burlington and camp. We got in 10 PM - 17 miles.

5/31/64
Today we are in the advance. We started at 7 AM. We went ever one mountain. There was some skirmishing. It was warm, good many give out. I got tired. We camped at 4 PM by a creek. I washed.

6/1/64
In the morning we started by seven AM. I got my and Weed's blankets carried on the wagon, It was ... We went ever the Sandy Mountain and by short trick. We go 10 miles.

6/2/64
In the morning I was up by 3 o'clock. I went out with a foraging party. Had a busy time, got my canteen filled with duck, pork, and got corn, coffee pot and many things, I could see it raining.

6/3/64
It rained. We started by 10 AM to travel till 8 PM through mud and rain. We camped in the woods. Went on picket and stood 1 hour, and was relieved from 2 weeks duty.

6/4/64
In the morning we started. We had to wade the river… it rained, we passed through Cedar Bluff. I got some Rebel letters.

6/5/64
In the morning we started. Our company was wagon guard. We picked our very through the wind and rain and camped in Rome at 4 o'clock

6/6/64
In the morning we started by seven for Kingston. The roads were rough and unleveled. We went through the place and camped about 5 PM. Jap camped near us and others, I got two letters, SM, and E.H.

6/7/64
Marched past Kingston to about 12 miles, only 12 miles..., a short march. Company A … marches past Cartersville., a quiet little place. I crossed the river Etowah on a pontoon bridge, the other having been destroyed by the Rebs.

6/8/64
Left Etowah at about 7 AM and marched to Acworth where we camped at 12 M. or thereabouts, helped Jap along, he having got tired out some.

6/9/64
In camp, drew rations. Jap wrote to Esther H. for me as my hand is lame today. Pretty warm.

6/10/64
I left Acworth about 2PM and marched 6 miles in front of the enemy. The Rebs fired all night. It rained real hard. We camped at Big Shanty …

6/11/64
I left Big Shanty by 8 AM, marched in front and went out a skirmishing. Went through woods and brush within 50 rods of the Rebs. They kept firing. I lay in the brush. It rained. I got a letter from E.H. @t night we were relieved, and retreated.

6/12/64
We built breast works. It rained almost all day, but we lay in camp behind the breastworks which we were building. I saw the Rebs to work. We advanced our skirmish line by digging pits.

6/13/64
In the morning it rained. We kept firing at the Rebs and Rebs at us, but did not open their batteries. It rained all day. The water ran under us ever us, and around us. We got some beef. We could see the Reb's works.

6/14/64
In the morning I was called early. Stack our guns, got breakfast. Wrote a letter to father, got some water, cleaned my gun, then we got dinner, then the company was ordered about 50 rods on. Build breastworks and then we moved our camp.

6/15/64
In the morning we finish building works. I help get rations. Our side tried to drive the Rebs. I went out with some of our boys. It was awful. We drove and they us. Quite a number got hurt. One hurt out of our Co. At night we went out and dug rifle pits all night.

6/16/64
The morning we were relieved. We went back to camp. I got my breakfast then I took a nap. Cleaned my gun, ate dinner, Fixed the coffee pot, took another nap. There was a continual firing on both sides. I sleep in Camp.

6/17/64
The alarm was given, all were up in the morning before light. We all went down to the pit in front of the Rebs where we lay all day and night. In the eve we had to work. They made a charge on our right. We fired, yelled, drove them two miles. Was on guard.

6/18/64
In the morning it rained. We got a float in the pit. We moved back to camp at noon. It rained all day. We drew a ration of whiskey. My partners were on duty. I sleep with Mckee. We were ordered to sleep on our gun.

6/19/64
I went on duty as guard in the rifle pits. The Rebs fell back. We pick up and follow the Rebs to the Mountain. We stop for night, behind their works. It rained by showers all day. We had a rough time without rations.

6/20/64
Then we camped near Kennesaw Mt. and stayed all day watching the rebs kept falling back. There was a heavy firing all the time. A 5 PM. our cannon shelled them for certain. It rained. I wrote to Sarah and got a letter from her with stamps.

6/21/64
I remained in camp near Kennesaw Mt. Wrote one letter to Jerry and tended to my rations. It rained all day. There was not much fighting in front of us but was at it strong on right and left.

6/22/64
In the morning after breakfast I clean my gun nice. The sun shone bright. They commence fighting. I wrote a letter to Mrs. Smith. The shells came, moved camp. We fixed our works in I went, got some spades. They built a fort and called it Maxson.

6/23/64
In the morning I was to work on the fort and move my tent ever to it. Got rations and pass. Ordered to have two days' rations ready to start at any time. We did not start.

6/24/64
In the morning I was up by 4 o'clock and lay around camp. I made a nice cake of hardtack for dinner and one for supper. Washed my self all ever, then my shirt, and went on picket. I helped dig a pit. Could see the Rebs.

6/25/64
In the morning I left the pit, got my breakfast and lay in the woods as a reserve. The bullets struck around me. At noon I went back to the fort. Fired several times. We were relieved at dark and went to camp. Got my supper.

6/26/64
I drew a pair of shoes. In the morning I cleaned my gun all in style, it took all fore part of the day. Got rations. In the eve we moved to the right, then back to or within one Regiment to where we were and dug a pit.

6/27/64
We were ordered to have water and hold our position till the last man was able. We made a charge on the Reb's whole line. Co. A. was ordered on picket to relieve another Reg. We went, stayed all night. I on guard 4 hours. I saw Rebs march in the morning.

6/28/64
In the morning part of the Co. remained on picket while the others rested. I was one that could rest. They kept fighting all the time. The Co. was relieved by 6 PM., then we went to Camp. In the night was called up to prepare for a move, for the Rebs were moving.

6/29/64
It was cloudy in the morning. I lay around Camp. We got beef, it was boiled. In the eve I went out, was detailed to go to the pit on guard. The Rebs charge on us in or before daylight. We were all up.

6/30/64
In the morning I was out to the Pit. We were called out to build breast-works and stayed there all day. Late drew rations for three days. We had a nice shower. 30 were detailed to go on picket.

7/1/64
I remained in camp, wrote a letter to father. I drew beef, I fried some for Weed and Weathers and carried it to them on picket. In the eve the Rebs showed a flag of truce for 23 to bury the dead. They made a charge but it amounts to nothing.

7/2/64
In the morning, before day, the Rebs made a charge in front of us on the picket. It amounted to nothing. We had orders so have everything packed to move. In the eve by 9 o'clock we started, stopped by 2 then we slept until daylight.

7/3/64
In the morning we started by 7. March all day. It was very warm. I sweat my clothes. There we had nothing to eat. In the eve we halted at half past 8 and camped.

7/4/64
In the morning we had one day's rations given us, one hardtack, small piece of pork, sugar, coffee. I bought 2 pieces of hardtack, 1 lb. of sugar, two rations hardtack for 30c. In the eve we move

7/5/64
In the morning we were formed a little line next to the skirmishers and charge on the Rebs. We drove them way from our breast-works and they fell back to a strong works. Co. A. went out on picket all night. We built pits a little ways from the Rebs.

7/6/64
In the morning we were relieved. Went to camp. I went, got my knapsacks, brought them to camp and lay there all day. I did not eat any supper. We drew rations for three days. We sleep all night.

7/7/64
In the morning I was in camp, tended to getting water, drew a ration of beef, had some for dinner. In the eve the Rebs commenced shelling us with 13 guns. It made us hunt our breastworks.

7/8/64
In the morning I went with darky Charles to the creek, washing a pair of pants, 1 shirt, 2 pairs of socks. Jap gave me his pants. In the t' dressed in clean clothes. I feel better.

7/9/64
In the morning after breakfast I went to bathe and built a shade. I remained in camp, drew rations, wrote a letter to Sarah. I got relieved from picket, the Co. went.

7/10/64
In the morning I made a cake for breakfast. Went after water, remain in camp. The Rebs fell back across the river. Co. A. went on skirmishing in the eve they came back. Got deaf by cannon.

7/11/64
In the morning after breakfast I went and bathed in Nickajack River (creek). About noon we were ordered to leave. We moved 2 miles south on the line where we camp. I got a letter from Sarah.

7/12/64
In the morning after breakfast I went and washed. Got some fresh water. Lay in bunk and read almost all day. Drew 4 days rations some beans, vegetables and potatoes.

7/13/64
I had beans for breakfast. I went and washed, got fresh water for our coffee, cleaned my gun, had vegetables for dinner. Two o'clock PM we moved on the line two miles, camped.

7/14/64
In the morning we had orders to be ready to march in minutes' warnings. I wrote a letter to E.H. and stayed in camp. In the eve I went on picket. I was at the picket.

7/15/64
I was relieved from picket by 3 AM. I go to ...........

7/16/64
In the morning we were ordered to be up by 3 o'clock and ready to start at 4 o'clock. We did march 17 miles to Marietta, got there about 7 PM. We camp at Marietta, drew three days rations.

7/17/64
In the morning I was up by three and started, passed through the village marched like sixty, passed through Roswell. We stopped after passing through. Got supper, then went ever the Chatachoochee. We camped about 9 PM, marched 16 miles.

7/18/64
In the morning we started about 7 o'clock, marched with the rear of the regiment in front. We stopped about one hour to time. Le drew rations all night. I bought one pound of sugar.

7/19/64
We started by 6 o'clock AM. I was sick all day, did not eat anything. We moved steadily, rested often, lay still 2 hours at noon. I had some apple sauce for supper.

7/20/64
We stayed in camp until 11 o'clock then we marched through a village called Decatur, our men took today, destroyed the railroad. We went on in front into battle line and Co. A. went skirmishing. Built pits.

7/21/64
In the morning was ordered into skirmish line and we made a charge, drove the Rebs away from their works. They were too strong. We fell back and built a line of pits of rails with a heavy loss, 20 K & W. We fell back after dark to rest.

7/22/64
In the morning I got breakfast, then we went back to the pits and remained. Got our rations partly divided. The Rebs made a charge on our rear, drove us and then we drove them, took a lot of Reb prisoners. We were fought on, on three sides. Killed the Rebs by hundreds.

7/23/64
We built breastworks all night and watched for the Rebs. They did not come. We killed any amount of them. I helped build breastworks all day. In the eve I was detailed to go on picket, dig a pit and work until 12 and stood until about 4, We went out fast.

7/24/64
After breakfast I took a nap and remain in camp. Wrote a letter to father. In the evening 5 of us were on alarm guard. I stood three hours. I was the first relieved.

7/25/64
I remained in camp, drew rations for three days, built our breastworks stronger, got ready twice for the Rebs. I got two letters from home, father sent me one dollar and a bottle of red pepper, also got a letter from E. Hamblen has detailed as camp guard.

7/26/64
In the morning fried some beef for breakfast, stayed in camp all day. Wrote a letter to E. Hamblen. In the evening we were ordered to get ready to leave. We left about midnight, went to the right, stopped to rest about daylight.

7/27/64
We started about 10 o'clock AM, marched all day to the extreme right. Today I saw … …and Andrew Bennett, and another man from … Co. A sent our skirmishing, remain all night. I did not.......

7/28/64
In the morning we were relieved to make coffee, then we were ordered on battle line and marched until noon, then the Rebs made a charge on our right. The 15th Corps. We ran to them and drove them. It was awful. We fought them until night … was too much for them.

7/29/64
We lay behind our works, drew rations at midnight. We had some sleep. In the morning about 7 o'clock we went back in our division to work and worked all day and sleep all night for the first in some time. I got a letter from Jap in the morning.

7/30/64
Vie were ordered to be ready to move by 8 o'clock AM. I went and got some beef. We moved about 10 AM a little way to the right. We stop in breast-works, a real good place. I sleep all alone. Weed left me. I live well on beef.

7/31/64
In the morning I got my breakfast, went to wash, then I wrote a letter to Sarah, got one sheet of paper and a stamp and drew three days rations. It rained in the PM real hard. We got some more beef.

8/1/64
In the morning I was waked up at 5 AM to get my breakfast for the order was to clear up camp which we did and built a new shebang and fix our breastworks. It rained some. I got a new mess mate, J. Preble.

8/2/64
In the morning we got breakfast, went and washed and then I went and washed my clothes and boiled them. Got back to camp just as it rained. I had two teeth pulled or partly pulled. Got two letters, one from home, the other from Jerry.

8/3/64
We still remain in camp. After the morning work I write two letters, one to Sarah, the other to Terry. Got my rations. I remained in camp. Just at night we were ordered to fall into our works harnessed for battle. That died away.

8/4/64
In the morning I got breakfast by 5 AM, then I sleep till noon, got dinner. We were ordered to pack up, ready to move at half past two PM. We remain harnessed until dark. I was one of the alarm guards.

8/5/64
It was all quiet in the morning, but we remain packed up. At night 9 of the Co. went to guard our lines which they did and commenced to build breast-works. 9 more went to relieve them at midnight.

8/6/64
In the morning about 5 AM I went ever to handle the spade. About 2 hours the Rebs made a small charge and our main line fell back. It all done in good style, then we went out by squads and build the breastworks in good style. I got rations for 3 days.

8/7/64
In the morning, we were order to pack up to move. We move to the right one Regiment, there we had to work, put up a shed in the eve. We set two rows of sharp sticks in fronts of our works.

8/8/64
I was on alarm guard. I got breakfast at 5 AM., then I remain in camp, had beans for dinner. It rained some. In the eve went on picket. I stood from 12 until 2 and was relieved.

8/9/64 and 8/10/64
In the morning we had some boiled beef fed to us. About 10 AM we went out to advance our picket post and built a pit of rails and dirt. We were relieved at dark and went back to camp, drew rations, got my supper and went to bed. My tooth aches. I lay in camp all day. The Rebs shells us. They killed two horses. In the eve we went got some water for the morning. Trade my bed, and went to sleep.

8/11/64
In the morning got breakfast and wrote a letter to E. Hamblen and one to father, sent a check of $10.00 Maxson gave me, it was the premium money. In the eve we moved to the front.

8/12/64
In the morning we moved to our right place in the line and built our bunk. I clean up camp, fix up things nicely. I got me a frier [sic], and in the eve I was on guard 3 hours first relief.

8/13/64
In the morning I got breakfast at 5 AM. Remained in camp, no detail to work. In the eve went on picket and shot ever 40 rounds, In the night was up half the time, got some water, got a letter from E. Hamblen.

8/14/64
I wake up, fired a few shots at the Rebs, got breakfast, got some water, wrote a letter, and today shot away 250 rounds of cartridges. The Rebs return some back. We were relieved by 6 PM., I got struck with a bullet.

8/15/64
In the morning I got breakfast, clean my gun, got my ration and cook same beans for supper, Weed ate with me today. I sent for or signed for me pound sugar, 1 potato, 1 of apples, 45 cents it all cost. I made a table to eat on and ate my supper on it.

8/16/64
I was sick all night. I eat some crackers, drink some coffee. Washed and went to bed and sleep almost all day. At 4 PM I got up, got something to eat. I got my potatoes and sugar. I went to see the fort that is built at the end of our Reg.

8/17/64
I remain in camp all day, laid around, did nothing. Got ready for picket about 6 o'clock PM. We went and I was on the last relief. We were waked up before midnight or, account of heavy firing on the right, but nothing serious happened.

8/18/64
In the morning I went to camp, got some water and cartridges, then we were ordered to keep up a heavy fire and about 10 AM to increase the fire. I shot 400 rounds. About 7 PM was relieved, drew rations.

8/l9/64
I got my breakfast, clean my gun up, swept in front of our shebang, finished my table, had my pants and shirt washed. We were ordered into the breastworks with our guns and harness on. He expected a charge. It rained.

8/20/64
Wind blew our shebang to pieces, tore our blankets. In the morning got breakfast, cleaned my grounds, washed me, went and took a nap and did not feel well. It rained some.

8/21/64
In the morning I had potatoes, & beef for breakfast, drew my rations for three days, then lay around camp and read the paper. In the eve was taken sick to my stomach. I was on guard.

8/22/64
In the morning I was sick. I did not eat anything till noon. I was dizzy headed. I remained in camp, was released from picket. About one o'clock AM went and got a box of cartridges, brought to camp.

8/23/64
I stayed in camp, did nothing, loafed around camp. It was lonesome. We drew some whiskey. I traded mine for coffee. Weed came in camp, brought a frying pan, so we are rigged.

8/24/64
In the morning I commenced a letter to Jap, drew rations for three days, had rice for dinner and finished my letter which was a long one. In the eve I got one letter from Jerry and two papers from home. I was alarm guard, first relief.

8/25/64
In the morning was up by 5 AM, got breakfast, remained in camp, read my papers, had beans for dinner. In the eve we were ordered to picket. We fell to the right.

8/26/64
In the morning we move to our position where we remain during the day, with orders to keep packed up. In the eve we move all night and move till most 7 AM.

8/27/64
We halted, got our breakfast, and were ready to go by 9 AM. We stopped near Sandtown and remained till 6 PM, then we move one mile and a half, and stopped for the night, 7 had all the sweet corn I wanted and beef.

8/28/64
In the morning Weed and I went and got some sweet potatoes, and started at 7 o'clock AM. We got one day's ration of hard bread. We got to the Montgomery Railroad at noon end at 12 went on picket. We got 4 days rations. I was on picket 4 hours.

8/29/64
In the morning I went on picket again about sunrise and remained till after 9, then I went and got an armful of green corn, had some succotash, I ate corn … all the afternoon. In the eve was relieved from picket, drew one day's rations.

8/30/64
In the morning the order came to be ready to march at 7 AM. We lay in wait for the whole army to pass. We started about 12, marched all the PM till 12 at night. We stopped in the woods. I sleep nicely.

8/31/64
In the morning we were up and started at 6 AM and marched 4 miles to the … We got dinner. We moved around a little to the right, built works and almost got them done. The Rebs charge. I got hit in the first fire, the pieces of my gun struck me in the face, the ball went through my hat brim.

9/l/64
In the morning I was detailed to work and a little before noon packed up. Our move surprised the Rebs and drove them. We move to the right. Had plenty of corn to roast. We camp in a corn field. We built works.

9/2/64
In the morning we were to have everything ready to move. We move about 9 to the front and went out skirmishing. We drove the Rebs Cavalry. I helped build 3 pits. I butchered a sheep, had all the mutton and sweet potatoes I wanted to eat. Stood on picket.

9/3/64
In the morning I had all fast. We were relieved; to the left. It rained.

9/4/64
In the morning I had all mutton and potatoes I wanted to eat for breakfast. We were relieved; then we went to camp, remain till noon, then move to the left. It rained. We fixed our works and remain all night.

9/5/64
In the morning I built fire, got my breakfast before sunrise, then remain in camp. In the eve we were ordered to move, marched till 11 at night, stopped 2 hours, then on after sunrise, through mud up to our knees on until 9 AM.

9/6/64
We then stopped, I took nap, got my (breakfast), and drew two days' rations. It rained. We remain here. I fixed me a bunk. In the eve I was alarm guard, stayed up till 11 at night, then I went to bed.

9/7/64
In the morning, after breakfast, got some water and dried my blankets. We started about 8 AM, march 7 miles and camped. I got some beef, remain all night. I built me a bunk. I sleep nicely.

9/8/64
In the morning I was up, got my breakfast, washed and was ready to march. We started about 9 AM and keep moving till 2 PM, I was nearly tired out. It was hard marching, we went up slow. We camp in the Rebs I works. We drew rations. Got a letter from home.

9/9/64
In the morning all I had to sat was hardtack and coffee, the rest played out, moved about 8 AM, marched just as fast as we could walk, till 10 AM, then we stopped, got dinner. I wrote a letter to Sarah. We move to our camp ground and went to work. We got beef.

9/10/64
In the morning we had beef for breakfast and were put to work on breast works and clearing up camp, then we made our bunks. I went and washed all ever and my socks. I went ever to the commissary and back. I bought 1 pound of flour, 18 cents,

9/11/64
In the morning I clean my gun and went to inspection of guns, then on picket. I went on the advance post; remain till night, then went back to the reserve and had a good night's sleep,

9/12/64
In the morning got breakfast, then I got a letter from E.H. and was relieved. Went back to camp and got a package of paper from home. Washed my clothes, cleanest gun and bathed it in the sun.

9/13/64
In the morning I move my shebang and built a shade ever it; got the fryer handle put on 25c, clean camp, built works.

9/14/64
After breakfast I commenced writing and wrote to father, one to Jerry, one to E.H. and drew rations for 5 days. Had pancakes for supper. They were good. Got in some water.

9/15/64
After breakfast went and washed, and wrote a letter to Albert Smith, then remained in camp. In the PM dress parade. In the eve roll call, just before going to bed.

9/16/64
In the morning roll call, got breakfast, then I drew one shirt and a haversack, remain in camp. Had vegetables for dinner, they were first rate and I save some for morning. Drill.

9/17/64
I was up at 5 AM, got breakfast, stowed some apples, drilled with guns, had pancakes for dinner, then I wrote a letter to Jap. I bought some dried apples. In the eve we had a battalion drill.

9/18/64
It rained almost all day. I stewed some apples, then I lay in my bunk and read quite a good deal. We had a roll call twice in the eve.

9/19/64
In the morning after breakfast I stewed some apples, had a drill in marching and with guns, then I wrote a letter to Sarah, drew rations for 5 days. Weed came back. I had Irish potatoes for supper. Inspection and dress parade in the eve.

9/20/64
In the morning went to the guard mount, then on picket. I was No, 2, stood two hours, remain there all day. Something like 75 wagons loaded with citizens and their goods leaving Atlanta for the country. It rained. I had mush for supper.

9/21/64
In the morning we were relieved about 9 AM and went to camp. Got some whiskey, I commenced cleaning my gun. It rained. I gave it up. In the eve draw a new pair of pants $3.60.

9/22/64
In the morning I had some pancakes for breakfast, then I clean my gun in good shape and stewed some apples. Had rice soup for dinner. It rained. Mended my pants, then made some batter for pancakes which we had for supper.

9/23/64
This morning had minute Pudding for breakfast, fixed my haversack and stewed some apples, then I was detailed to work, I went, got two loads of rails and got some wire and sharpened them for the chevaus de fris. Got a letter from Sarah. For supper had sauerkraut, Irish potato cakes, and pancakes.

9/24/64
In the morning it rained. Had fried potatoes and onions, beef for breakfast, then I stewed some apples. Took a nap in the PM and signed the payroll. Drew rations for 5 days.

9/25/64
This morning is the coldest we have had. I was glad to get by the fire. Had inspection of arms, then I went to preaching. Remain in camp. In the FM got a letter from Jap and went to prayer meeting.

9/26/64
In the morning we drill. I washed my clothes, stewed some apples and signed for more clothes. Remain in camp. In the eve had dress parade.

9/27/64
In the morning after breakfast I event to the Commissary and got some groceries, stewed some apples, remained in camp. We had dress parade. In the eve I went to Prayer Meeting.

9/28/64
This morning I was up to roll call as usual. It rained some. I remained in camp. We drilled with guns and march. I got a letter from Jap with $2 in - Lester owed me. In the eve I spent with McKee.

9/29/64
In the morning I got ready for picket, went to guard mount, then to the picket post and was No. 4. Stood from 4 to 6 PM by a log house. I sleep on a stick of timber and sleep nicely under a tree.

9/30/64
In the morning I was on picket from too till four, then after breakfast I help load some timbers, then I went on and stood until we were relieved, that was half past 9 AM we went to camp.

10/l/64
In the morning had white fish for breakfast. I bought two for 25c a piece, and wrote one letter to Jap and one to Sarah, drew one shirt, one socks, one shells, one drawers, one knapsack and one half of a small tent.

10/2/64
In the morning hardtack and beef, stewed together, then inspection of arms, then I went to preaching In the PM stayed in camp. I had some cake, a little piece of bread for my supper.

10/3/64
I remained in camp. We had a drill, then we were ordered to pack up tents for to move. I bought a blouse of R. Garland for $3 and am to pay him pay-day, We got everything ready.

10/4/64
In the morning we moved about 5 AM. We crossed the Charrahocee River, then followed the railroad tracks. We marched 10 miles on the track. They went in behind the Rebs works and camp. Marched 20 miles. Good many tired out.

10/5/64
In the morning move about 7 AM. Left the track, went to the left. We stopped 11 AM, then move in behind Reb's works, there we stayed all night. I got some chestnuts green.

10/6/64
In the morning it rained. We stayed in camp until about 9 AM, then went an picket. Had chestnuts, peanuts, sugar cane, grapes, parched corn. I got off the … then I dug some sweet potatoes. We had to move our post.

10/7/64
In the morning I had sweet potatoes for breakfast, then I got and camp and remained there in marching order. Did not move. We got ready.

10/8/64
This day is my birthday, The order was to march at daylight, It was cold and windy. I put on drawers and a shirt, I remain in camp, drew some rations.

10/9/64
This morning the orders were to march at 7 AM. It remained cold. We started, passed some homes that were fired through Marietta, then on by Big Shanty about one mile and camped, distance 10 miles.

10/10/64
In the morning went to work on the railroad tracks, brought on ties. I sprained my shoulder there … went to camp at sunset, and started about PM.

10/11/64
In the eve marched all night, halted 5 AM, started at 8 AM, passed through Acworth and through Altoona Pass then cross the Etowah River. Marched 14 miles, halted 6 PM. I eat my cracker, coffee, and laid down.

10/12/64
In the morning started 6 AM. I eat my cracker, coffee. March 8 miles to Kingston, then on within 5 miles of Rome where we stopped for the night. 7 PM stopped drew rations, got two letters, one from Sarah and E. Hamblen.

10/13/64
In the morning we were ready to move 6 AM but did not move. I had plenty to eat, drew rations. We were ordered to move about sundown. We started a little past 7 PM, marched all night through a stony road.

10/14/64
We stopped every little while. We halted little past 8 AM, got breakfast, then on as train guard Adairsville. There we our Regiment camped with the train.

10/15/64
In the morning we start, march 8 miles to Calhoun, We halted for dinner, then on to Resaca where we get about 9 PM, and stayed all night. I dd first rate. It rained some.

10/16/64
In the morning started 6 AM. The regiment was divided as train guard. We halted at the mouth of Snake Gap for dinner, then on until 12 at night where we found the rest of the regiment.

10/17/64
In the morning we move 1 miles to our division, then we rested. I wrote a letter to Sarah. We again move at 7 FM through Devil Gap and camp in the woods about 12 at night - distance 4 miles.

10/l8/64
In the morning we started at 8 AM. We were ahead of our division. We halted for dinner, then on until 6 PM by the Chatooga River, distance 20 miles.

10/19/64
In the morning I had all the sweet potatoes I wanted. We started at 6 AM, passed a town called Summerville and on through another called Alpine, then on and camped in the woods. Got plenty of syrup and mush. Distance 20 miles.

10/20/64
In the morning started at 9 AM. Went on slowly, halted by the way. I was pretty well used up. We passed through some nice farming country. We camped by sundown, distance 12 miles.

10/21/64
In the morning we started about 10 AM. Passed through a town called Cassville and by two Army Corps and went into camp, distance 4 miles. I gathered some beans and corn, went and washed. I got letter from Sarah.

10/22/64
This morning I got up with the sun. Had beans and beef for breakfast, and remain in camp. The … veterans started for home. I clean up some, had beans for dinner and for supper mush.

10/23/64
In the morning I laid in camp and remained all day. Front and washed, lay around camp and rested. Went, got some rails to build a fire to sleep by.

10/24/64
In the morning got my breakfast. Went got some tallow and beef, washed. Weed cut my hair then I remained in camp until eve, then I went 2 miles, got some corn.

10/25/64
This morning I went, got some boards, built a house, clean up camp. Went and helped get a load of rails, then got my supper which was fried beef and corn meal.

10/26/64
In the morning I was up and started for foraging at six o'clock. Six wagons went 6 miles after corn. I got a squash. We got back by noon, then I grated some corn. We were ordered to be ready to move.

10/27/64
In the morning we started at 6 AM, march across the Chattahocee River, then on through Cedar Bluff, team, kept on through mud in the dark. We got in camp at 10 PM. I got some sweet potatoes.

10/28/64
No entry

10/29/64
No entry

10/30/64
In the morning started about 10 AM slowly. Stopped I hour and quarter, rested 20 minutes and camp in a place called Cave Springs, about 7 PM, close by a river.

10/31/64
In the morning I event and got some sweet potatoes, Wrote a latter to Sarah, got a letter from Jerry, got tire papers from home and got some veal - had some Par supper. Cleveland ate dinner (with me).

11/1/64
In the morning we started 6 AM. We had a good road and we passed through some nice farm land, and camp in a town called Cedartown. Got in about 2 PM, distance 14 miles.

11/2/64
In the morning we started 8 AM. The roads were good and made good time and got in camp at 2 FM at a place called Van Wert. Had plenty to eat. It rained, distance 13 miles.

11/3/64
In the morning we started about 10 AM. It rained, the roads were bad. Crossed ever a mountain and got in camp about 8 PM. Camped in a town called Dallas, 16 miles.

11/4/64
In the morning we started 7 AM. I was detailed on picket, but did not serve. Camped by Lost Mountain, 2 PM, distance 12 miles.

11/5/64
In the morning we started 8 AM, march steady past the Kennesaw Mt. on the right and camp near the Neal Dow Station, about 2 PM, distance 14 miles.

11/6/64
In the morning I went and washed, and remained in camp. The Regiment went foraging. Wrote a letter to Jerry. I got one letter from Sarah.

11/7/64
In the morning after breakfast wrote one letter to Sarah and one to Smith. Cleveland gave me some envelopes, I lot him have a brush broom. The boys came back with a calf. I butchered it.

11/8/64
In the morning we cook, wash one pair pants, shirt, socks, drawers, and voted for Old Abe, drew rations for 4 days. Had plenty of meat to eat.

11/9/64
In the morning wash dishes, mended my clothes, draw a pair of shoes and sign for more clothes. We were ordered to pack up, but did not move. It rained.

11/10/64
In the morning we were ordered to fall in to get our pay and did draw mine. The boys paid me some. I got a …, socks and hat.

11/11/64
In the morning I walk around camp, and remained in. Did nothing but sign the clothing roll.

11/12/64
In the morning I draw rations and drill, then pack up and loft camp. Commenced tearing up the railroad at Marietta, then return back to camp, distance there and back 19 miles.

11/13/64
In the morning we started about 10 AM, march steady, cross the Chatahocee River, then on about a mile from the city of Atlanta and camp, distance 18 miles, My feet were awful sore.

11/14/64
In the morning after breakfast, got some wood and remained in camp all clay. Drill with guns twice. The army got together today for a march at night, we got rations for three days.

11/15/64
In the morning we started about 8 AM, march steady. Co. A was rear guard. We found good many drunk. The roads were rough. Distance 12 miles, had plenty of syrup.

11/16/64
In the morning we started about 9 AM. I was one of the pickets and went in advance. We halted at 8 PM, close by a creek. Our picket post was on the road. Troops keep passing all night, distance 18 miles. Passed through soma nice land.

11/17/64
In the morning we started about 8 AM, passed through a town called McDonald then on. We passed by some big farms, camp at 10 PM, distance 16 miles.

11/18/64
In the morning we started about 8 AM, passed through a place called Jackson, then on. Stopped before we got to … River, until after sunset, then cross on pontoon bridge. Distance 12 miles.

11/19/64
In the morning we started by 7 All, march steadily and pass through a town called Monticello, a pretty place, then on the land was good. We camp at 4 PM, distance 16 miles. It rained in the night.

11/20/64
In the morning we started about 8 AM, march slowly, the roads were bad. It rained. At dark we march all night, camp about 4 AM. The wagons got stuck in the mud, distance 20 miles.

11/21/64
In the morning it rained. We started about 1 PM, marched slowly. The roads were very bad. We halted at 10 PM to help the teams up the hill. It was very cold. I lay away from the camp. Distance 11 miles.

11/22/64
In the morning we were started up about 7 AM, It snowed. We marched steadily. We camp near Gordon Station. It was very cold. Distance 12 miles.

11/23/64
In the morning we started…

11/24/64
…, and camp at station #13, distance 9 miles.

11/25/64
In the morning we started about 9 AM, march slowly to the river Oconee and camp. The Rebs were on the other side … Distance 8 miles.

REFERANCE: O.R., Atlas Plate 69, Drawings #5, shows route of the Army of the Tennessee, and the towns mentioned in diary.

11/26/64
In the morning we lay in camp till noon … we move to the river, cross on pontoons, and move 2 miles and camp. I got some pork.

11/27/64
In the morning … Tearing up the railroad at Oconee Station, and stopped at… Then we went to camp, distance 12 miles.

11/28/64
In the morning we started at 6 AM, march steadily. We passed through the … on roads a part of the way. We camp at half past 6 PM, distance 20 miles….

11/29/64
In the morning we started at 7 AM, march through some nice country and quite a number of mud holes, and in the eve went through one. I camp half past 7 PM, distance 16 miles.

11/30/64
In the morning we started at 7 AM. Co. A stood picket. No cross the Oconee River by a weeding station, went to camp. My post was among the horses. I had a good time. Distance 12 miles.

12/l/64
In the morning we lay around till noon. We were train guard. Marched slowly, some mud holes. Got in camp at 3 PM. We had pancakes for supper. Distance 7 miles.

12/2/64
In the morning we start at 6 AM. Went to Holcomb Station and burned it, and the track to Millen Junction, 11 miles, and went in camp a mile from the place. Distance 13 miles.

12/3/64
In the morning we started at 7 AM. We went and burned the Station, then on to Scaroborough and camp at half past 2 PM. I was quite lame. Distance 8 miles.

12/4/64
In the morning we started at 6 AM. Went three miles to the railroad burned it. 10 miles, then went to camp, got there at dark, distance 16 miles.

12/5/64
In the morning we start about 10 AM, march slowly. I was quite lame. We cross a river. The Rebs had built breastworks. We camp at half past 5 PM, distance 12 miles.

12/6/64
This morning was … but remained in camp and rested. Had inspection of guns.

12/7/64
In the morning we start about 9 AM, move slowly. It rained in the eve. We march … We camp at 11 PM, distance 14 miles.

12/8/64
In the morning we start about 7 AM, move on quite fast. It was some swampy. Passed through Mar … Station, than on slowly to camp at half past 3 PM, distance 12 miles.

12/9/64
In the morning we start about 11 AM, passed by some Rebs' works and there were some guns fired at us. We went 10 miles, We were rear guard.

12/10/64
In the morning I was detailed for picket, start about 7 AM, march 6 miles. The Rebs stopped us. I went out skirmishing through a swamp and stopped at night by a canal.

12/11/64
In the morning we were relieved and want to the regiment and remained in camp till 6 PM, then we move out to the right 3 miles. 14th Corps took up place. Our man shall the Rebs.

12/12/64
In the morning we started about 7 AM, moved to the right through the swamp. We camp at 7 PM in front of the Rebs. Built works. Distance 15 miles.

12/13/64
In the morning we were up as usual, but did not move. We put our camp in order. Went, got some boards and live on rice. Fort McAllister.

12/14/64
In the morning we were in camp on the right of Savannah. We live on rice. In the dd eve I pounded out a pound of rice.

12/15/64
I remained in camp. Boiled rice for breakfast. I made a rice cake for dinner. I took a walk to see the rice plantation. It was flooded with (water). It was quite a sight.

12/16/64
I got up as usual. Weed had breakfast I lay around camp, fixed my clothes and fixed another cake for supper. It was good. I event on picket, and was on the reserves.

12/17/64
In the morning I was up, my breakfast was fetched to me. I lay around there all day. The Rebs commenced shelling us about sundown. We went to camp after dark.

12/18/64
I was up in the morn as usual, washed, had inspection of guns, wrote a letter to Sarah, signed for more clothes, and ground some corn meal.

12/19/64
In the morning I was up as usual, I saw 300 or more darkies going for the boats, I had a sick team. We got some hardtack and a little coffee. I send two dollars for a new book.

12/20/64
In the morning was up as usual, lay around camp, wrote a letter to Esther. In the eve went on picket. I was on duty three hours, guarded a 60 pounder.

12/21/64
In the morning we had to cross the swamp, took the Rebs' works, then on into Savannah. Marched through to the levee and back. We got syrup, chickens, ducks, goose, pork, rice, … and camp in the city.

12/22/64
In the morning I had duck and chicken for breakfast. I remained in camp, had spare ribs for dinner, and goose for supper. It was good.

12/23/64
In the morning I was up as usual, boiled rice for breakfast, remained in camp. Looked the grave yard ever. In the eve had some oysters in the shell.

12/24/64
In the morning we were ordered to drill 4 hours today. We did drill. Had oysters for dinner. I got one letter from home, one from Smith and one from Jerry, I wrote one letter to E.H,

12/25/64
In the morning after breakfast I wrote a letter to Jerry and mailed it, than I scoured my gun, had inspection. I lay around camp and pass Christmas.

12/26/64
In the morning got a pass to go to city for afternoon. I drill with guns. After dinner Weed and I got to town. I bought a Johnny cake, paid 75c for it. It was a large city.

12/27/64
I clean up. I wrote a letter to Sarah and cleaned my gun and drill some in the PM. We march to town and back.

12/28/64
I remained in camp. It rained. It was general inspection, but it was put off. In the eve I went on picket to guard a cannon.

12/29/64
It was real cold. I kept on my blanket. I was relieved at 6 PM. Went to camp.

12/30/64
I got out of rations and bought 1 quart of rice, paid 25c. We had three hardtack given us. It was cold.

12/31/64
In the morning was mustered, then it rained, so we remained in our tent. It grew cold and windy.

1/l/65
I was in Savannah in the morning. It being cold I remained in camp. Had for dinner beef, coffee, crackers; for supper Johnny cake. Had dross parade.

1/2/65
I had baked beans for breakfast, and drill. Got some whiskey, fried pork, coffee, crackers for dinner. Had a battalion drill and dross parade.

1/3/65
I did nothing. Had some Shad Fish, pancakes for dinner. Draw rations and had dress parade and had to bake all our flour up. I got one pair of drawers and one canteen and pup tent.

1/4/65
In the morning I got my shirt in the wash when the word came to fall in. We went through city, camp near Thunderbolt, distance 5 miles. I saw a dead crocodile.

1/5/65
About 10 AM we march to the river, there got on board a steamer Spaulding. Went on the ocean around to Beaufort. Got there about dark. I was a guard on the boat. We camp 2 miles from town, distance 50 miles.

1/6/65
I remained in camp. It rained some. We move at 1 PM one mile and camp on the edge of the salt wator.

1/7/65
In the morning I went, got a board. In the afternoon Weed and I went to the saw mill and got some more to fix our tent. We got some onions, pickles and potatoes from the Sanitary (Commission).

11/8/65
The Regiment went to town to unload boats. I went all ever town and to the beach. Got all the oysters I could eat and shelled some for supper and I drew one loaf of broad, the first for 10 months. We stayed all night.

1/9/65
I got breakfast in town, had one pie, then went back to camp. Pulled up our tent. It rained. I got a loaf of soft broad.

1/10/65
It rained. We fell for inspection but dismissed. We drew 5 days rations of everything. I wrote to father.

1/11/65
We had inspection of guns, clothes, tents. I wrote to Smith. I was on detail to clean up camp. We got some more Sanitary.

1/12/65
This morning we drill and T. George comes to sea us. He brought me one pair of gloves and one socks from home.

1/13/65
I clean my gun and around the tent for the General Leggett to look at, and a little past 3 PM took the shall road, march 6 miles, camp at 7 PM.

1/14/65
In the morning started at 7 AM, cross the pontoon bridge and skirmish all the way to the station. There the Rebs open artillery. 6 of Co. A were wounded. I lay close between the corn rows and shook with cold.

1/15/65
The Rebs left. We march by the station called Pocotaligo, then our regiment went out scouting to the river Salkahatchie where we found the Rebs. We turn back near the station and camp.

1/16/65
I was detailed to clean up camp and I fixed our tent. Drew rations, in the eve built breastworks.

1/17/6,9
I remained in camp. I was real lazy. In the eve had dress parade.

1/18/65
I remained in camp - did nothing. It rained.

1/19/65
I remained in camp and road, It rained.

1/20/65
In the morning remain in camp till 10 AM, then the regiment went out scouting to the river Salkahatchie and drive the Rebs across. I was on skirmish.

1/21/65
It rained. Cleaned my guns and tried to make myself comfortable.

1/22/65
In the morning had inspection by Captain, than remained in camp.

1/23/65
In the morning the regiment went out foraging. Went 7 miles. Got corn, rice. We got some beans, We got back by 3 PM.

1/24/65
In the morning was detailed. Went to Corps Headquarters, than back, and there again and back. George Miles brought me this book from home. The Company was building works. I went and helped.

1/25/65
In the morning I boiled my clothes, sent my last year's diary home. Draw one pair of shoes, one blouse, then lay around camp.

1/26/65
In the morning we were up and started in light marching order. We went 8 miles to skirmish with the Rebs. I was on skirmish line and saw some, while the 1st division tried to cross the river.

1/27/65
It being very cold I remained in camp, cleaned my gun, fixed my shoes, brought some wood, than lay around anyway to keep warm.

1/28/65
In the morning had beans and coffee, for breakfast. It was real cold. Coffee and beans for dinner. Drew 3 days' rations. Had codfish for supper.

1/29/65
This morning it was very cold. We had inspection by Captain Reynolds. I got my toilet with everything in it. Had dress parade in the eve.

1/30/65
In the morning it was pack up. We started about 9 AM, move slowly toward the river and camp at half past 2 PM, distance 5 miles.

1/31/65
I remained in camp. Drew one day's rations. There were quite a number of conscripts come in our Corps. I draw one pair of Col. pants $4.15. I got a letter from Jerry.

2/l/65
In the morning we started about 9 AM, March steadily. The Rebs move ahead of us. The roads were middling, distance 14 miles.

2/2/65
This morning we started little after 6 AM. Went a little way, than halted till 9 AM, than on. 12th Reg. Has train guard. We passed through a large mudhole, then pass through some nice farming country - distance 15 miles, camp 8 PM.

2/3/65
We started about 8 AM and move slowly. I got some smoke shoulder, one chicken. We came up to the 1st Division. They were fighting the Rebs. It rained. We camped at 3 PM, distance 8 miles.

2/4/65
I remained in camp, clean up camp. The company organizes in 4 masses. I was in mess #1. Clean my gun. It was quite warm.

2/5/65
We started about 9 AM, passed through a swamp where the 1st Division made a charge. It looked hard. We camp at 11 AM, distance 5 miles.

2/6/65
In the morning we start at 7 AM, march steadily. We were ahead of everything. We went through Lemon Swamp, Co. A was on picket, It was by a house. We had 4 chickens, 3 geese for supper; and 3 geese for breakfast; distance 10 miles.

2/7/65
We were ordered to pack up and move in two hours. We stayed all day in camp. It rained. In the eve I want on picket.

2/8/65
In the morning we started about 8 AM, pass through the swamp. The roads were all corduroy. They were very bad. We camp 3 PM, distance 8 miles.

2/9/65
We started at 10 AM, move through the swamp and then pass through some nice land. We camp at 5 PM. About 10 in the eve we move again, distance 12 miles.

2/10/65
We remain in camp until 1 PM, then we move across the south branch of the Edisto River. Move 5 miles, camp, built works, had plenty to eat.

2/11/65
We started about 7 AM, march fast 12 miles, halted at one for the Rebs were in our front. We camp a little ways from the river.

2/12/65
He remained in camp until 10 AM, then moved to the right, cross the north fork of Edisto River, waded the swamp up to our knees and took Orangeburg. 12th Regiment was first in town. Had a nice dinner.

2/13/65
We left town about noon. Had to put out fire to save some house. March along the railroad 14 miles - our men burned the road.

2/14/6,5
I was detailed for picket. We went to Louisville Station, burned it and the railroad, then marched 12 miles in the country. It rained all night. I remain on picket.

2/15/65
Today the 12th Regiment is in the rear of the Division and we are train guard. March by jerks until 11 PM to the left of Columbia, distance 14 miles.

2/16/65
We started about 9 AM, move real slaw. One place we waded in water up to our knees, quite a distance. Camp a little ways from the river. Distance 6 miles, about 5 miles from town.

2/17/65
We remain in. camp until noon, cross the two rivers on pontoon bridges and camp a little out of the city. The boys went and foraged lots of things, everything you can think of.

2/18/65
We started about 8 AM march through main street. The buildings were all burned, then we went 9 miles and burned the track of the Richmond railroad. Then we came back 8 miles and camped.

2/19/65
We started about 8 AM in light marching order to the railroad and burned the track all day, then return to camp about dark.

2/20/65
We ware ordered to pack up. I was detailed as picket, move about 11 M. March slowly, went out on picket, stood on vidette two hours, distance 10 miles.

2/21/65
We were relieved from picket, went along slowly and caught up to the Regiment on the railroad and burned the track, then on to camp, distance 12 miles.

2/22/65
We started about 8 AM, marsh fast. We were head and train guard, passed through a town called Winnsborough; then on it was quite warm, distance 16 miles.

2/23/65
We started about 8 AM, march fast about 6 miles to a river. It rained. We remain packed up all night. It was very bad traveling.

2/24/65
In the morning started early. It still keeps raining. We cross the Wateree on the pontoons, then on through a town called Liberty Hill. It rained. It was …, distance 10 miles.

2/25/65
In the morning it rained, We, the 12th Reg., went back two miles after the pontoon train and help it through 10 miles. It camped at dark we with it, 5 miles from the Division.

2/26/65
In the morning we start by sunrise, march 10 miles and catch up with the Division about 2 PM. There we remain and went into camp by the Little Lynch Crook.

2/27/65
In the morning we started before day, cross the river, and march beside the train. We camp about 3 PM near the Big Lynch River, distance 12 miles.

2/28/65
In the morning we started at 7 AM, cross the Big Lynch Creek, march on nearly tire miles of corduroy road, then on 15 miles. Camp at dark and built breastworks.

3/1/65
I remained in camp. It was a lowery day. I lay around.

3/2/65
In the morning was detailed for picket. I was on this reserve, and remain all day. It still kept lowery.

3/3/65
In the morning we pack up and move about 8 AM, drove the Rebs from their works, passed on and camp within 2 miles of Cheraw, distance 12 miles.

3/4/65
I remain in camp until 8 in the eve, then march through town, cross the Largo PeeDee River, then on through the mud three miles - the whole distance 4 miles.

3/5/65
I remained in camp until nearly noon, move 8 miles to a great deal better place to camp, and plenty of forage. Had plenty to eat. I bake two sweet cakes.

3/6/65
We started about 9 AM, march steadily through a town Bennettville. It was a rich country. Distance 8 miles.

3/7/65
In the morning we started quite early, steadily 8 miles, camp at noon, a rich country. We were inspected in heavy marching order.

3/8/65
I was detailed as picket, march through Gun Swamp, cross the little PeeDee River. It rained. Pass through a town called Floral Cottage, distance 16 miles.

3/9/65
In the morning went to the Regiment, march through swamp which we evaded up to our knees all the PM. I was stopped to guard a wagon that broke its wheel. Stayed all night, distance 12 miles.

3/10/65
In the morning started, waded a swamp and caught up to the Regiment. It rained. We waded all day distance 15 miles. Struck a plank road, 15 miles from town.

3/11/65
We remained in camp until noon, then move out and on across Rockfish Crook and camp within 2 miles of the city, distance 7 miles.

3/12/65
In the morning I wish my clothes, wrote a letter to Sarah, and lay around camp.

3/13/65
We left camp at …, march to the river and cross it after dark. There were some boats in the river, Fire camp 11 PM, distance 5 miles.

3/14/65
We remained in camp until 2 PM, move two miles, camp at sunset. I dressed a cow.

3/15/65
We started about 9 AM, move slowly. It rained. The roads were bad. We had to put rails in the road. Camp about 8 PM, distance 10 miles.

3/16/65
In the morning we started 11 AM, went back 3 miles to help the train up. It rained, we on crossed Black River, march all night. The roads were bad, distance ahead 8 miles.

3/17/65
We stopped an hour, got something to eat, then on by 7 AM, march steadily, camp about 10 PM, distance 20 miles.

3/18/65
We started at 9 AM, march quite fast till noon, then stopped some time, then passed through three miles of swamp and camp about 6 PM, distance 12 miles, Drew rations, hard tack 1 day.

3/19/6.5
We started about 8 AM, march steadily. It was some swamp, camp about 1 PM, distance 10 miles.

3/20/65
We were called up at 12 in the night, got breakfast, left camp at 5 AM, march quite fast, waded swamp. We come up to 15th Corps. They were fighting. We were sent on the right of the line, built works, distance 20 miles,

3/21/65
We remained in camp until noon, then we were ordered to advance. We had to double quick some, We built two lines of works in a little while. There was some hard fighting.

3/22/65
In tire morning the Rebs had fallen back. We remain in camp. I clean my gun. It was a pleasant day.

3/23/65
In the morning we left the battlefield about 8 AM, march toward Goldsborough. We went 20 miles, passed 24th and 25th Corps.

3/24/65
We started about 10 AM, cross Neuse River, pass through Goldsborough, then on 4 miles, Schofield's troops were in town. Distance 6 miles.

3/25/65
I remain in camp until 4 PM, then move camp half a mile.

REFERENCE. OFFICIAL RECORDS, ATLAS PLATE NO. 79, DRAWING NO. 3 SHOWS LOCATION OF THE RIVERS AND TOWN SPOKEN OF ABOVE.

3/26/65
We commenced cleaning up camp. The order came to stop. I got two letters, one from father, one from Sarah. I sent one letter to Sarah, some script and a book, and got one pair of shoes.

3/27/65
I got my shoe tapped and commence a letter to father. The order came to move, and moved 4 miles south of the city and camp. Farnsworth is visiting us and some more of the boys.

3/28/65
After breakfast I wrote to father, sent some script and one letter to Jerry. We clean camp. I got one pants, one shirt, one drawers, one socks.

3/29/65
It rained. I stayed in my tent, rest, (sent) a map home and fixed my clothes.

3/30/65
I remained in camp, did nothing, washed all ever; the wind blowed [sic] hard.

3/31/65
I remained in camp and lay around. Got one pair of socks and drew rations of everything.

4/1/65
In the forepart of the day we were inspected in heavy marching order. Afternoon I played ball.

4/2/65
This morning I got ready for picket and went to the guard mount, from there to the post, stood 5 hours in 24 and had three towers at it.

4/3/65
In the morning about 10 AM was relieved so went to camp and remained around camp. Fixed my cloths.

4/4/65
In the forepart of the day I wrote a long letter to Mr. Smith and got one from Ellen. Put my wool blanket in a box to send home.

4/5/65
This morning I wrote a letter to Sarah and father concerning the box. We drew rations and had a skirmish drill. It was the first I had been in.

4/6/65
In the morning after roll call I went and helped got load of rails and got 5 pounds of flour, 6c a pound. Jap came back to the Company. I played ball in the owning.

4/7/65
I remained in camp - did nothing.

4/8/65
In the forepart of the morning we had general review by Leggett, then the Company got new guns. I got a letter from Sarah, mailed 22nd March. Drew 5 days rations.

4/9/65
In the morning the order came to get ready to march tomorrow at 6 AM. I wrote a letter to Henry Miller. We had inspection.

4/10/65
In the morning we started at 6 AM, passed through town, move slowly, the forepart of the day. The after part we passed through a swamp. Camp half past 7 distance 15 miles.

4/11/65
This morning we started at 7 AM, march very crooked. Camp about half past 4 PM, distance 12 miles.

4/12/65
In the morning I was detailed as picket. Went up to headquarters, stayed there until 1 PM. The news came to us that Lee had surrendered his entire army. We move 2 miles, then we put on our post.

4/13/65
In the morning we were relieved. March on. Our Corps was in the rear of the 15th. We march till near night, then our Corps took their place. Camp 5 miles of Noose River, distance 16 miles.

4/14/65
In the morning we started at 7 AM, cross the Noose River, then on to Raleigh, pass through, camp 4 miles west of the city. It is quite a place. It was warm. Distance 21 miles.

4/15/65
This morning it rained. We started at 7 AM, move one mile. The news came to us if we would lay still Johnston would surrender. We went in camp.

4/16/65
I remained in camp. An engine went to the front and came back in the evening. We drew one days rations to last two.

4/17/65
I remained in camp - did nothing. The news came to us that Old Abe was dead and Sherman with the Corps Commanders went to see Johnston.

4/18/65
I remained in camp - did nothing. I got a letter from home. It rained in the eve.

4/19/65
In the morning I wrote a letter to Sarah, then we moved to another camp, still nicer one. Rig up in style, to wait until war is over.

4/20/65
In the morning I got two journals from home. Bought a paper and baked a corn cake for supper. I went ever to the train in the eve.

4/21/65
This morning I bought a paper and sent 3 home. I had a very bad headache.

4/22/65
In the morning remain in camp. In the afternoon I was on fatigue duty around headquarters building. Shade for the horses.

4/23/65
In the morning make … by the Colonel, in the afternoon a general review by Gen … which carries a little marching.

4/24/65
In the morning we march to town and around town and were we wed by Grant, Sherman and other officers. The streets were crowded. I got up at 12 in the night and got rations.

4/25/65
In the morning the order was to pack up and move. We started at 7 AM, march steadily along the railroad and camp a little past 12 in the woods, distance 10 miles.

4/26/65
I remained in camp all day, lay in the shade. Sherman went to see Johnston and made some agreement. In the eve the boys fired off their pistols.

4/27/65
In the morning we pack up, started back to Raleigh to our old camp, got there about noon, drew rations. I read a book, Wild Western Scenes.

4/28/65
In the morning I wrote a letter to mother, bought some songs, sent to Sarah then I read my book, drew rations. Bought some soda, 15c, and ground our coffee.

4/29/65
We left camp about 9 AM, move on slowly. We had the road to march in. We cross the Weldon Railroad, the distance we march 12 miles.

4/30/65
Today is the first day we have laid ever because it was Sunday. I sleep almost all day.

5/l/65
We left camp about half past 6 AM, cross the railroad track 4 times during the day. Pass through a town called Forestville; a train of cars pass toward Raleigh. We camp half past 5 PM, distance 20 miles.

5/2/65
In the morning I left camp for river about half past 5 AM. I was detailed on picket. We cross the railroad track 4 times, camp at Manson Junction, distance 24 miles. Camp about half past 4 PM.

5/3/65
In the morning we were relieved. Went to camp or Company started quarter past 6 AM, pass through Ridgeway Station. March steady, camp a little after 1 PM, distance 19 miles.

5/4/65
In the morning I was up as usual, but did not move. The order came at 4 PM to pack up, then it was countermanded.

5/5/65
In the morning we left camp at half past 4 cross the Roanoke River, then on cross the Warren River, then on. Got on a separate road, distance 26 miles. We came in Virginia.

5/6/65
In the morning we left camp about 6 AM, struck the Petersburg road which was plank, 40 miles from the place we cross Nottaway River and camp, 23 miles from Petersburg, distance 22 miles.

5/7/65
We had a horn of whiskey, then we left about half past 5 AM, march as usual, one hour at a time, then rest, cross Hatchers Run, passed through some breastworks, camp about 2 PM, 5 miles from town, distance 18 miles.

5/8/65
In the morning we started about half past 5 AM, went through Petersburg. It was a nice place, stores were open and other shops. It was very warm, We passed through Sheridan's Camp and camp 6 miles from town about 1 PM, distance 12 miles. Crossed Appomottox River.

5/9/65
This morning we started about 5 AM, march on the Richmond Road. The country was wild, passed through some big works, pass by some of Potomac troops' camp before 11 AM, within 2 miles of town, distance 15 miles.

5/10/65
Today I remained in camp. The 15th Corps came in also Sheridan's Cavalry. They were a good looking (group) of men and some of the nicest horses I ever saw. It took all of day light.

5/11/65
This morning Jap and I boiled all of our clothes. I made an arrow. Remain in camp. Sleep some.

5/12/65
We started this morning at half past 5 AM, pass through Manchester, cross the James River. I see the Libby Prison, pass through the main street of Richmond, plenty of shops were open, and see some pretty girls. Camp at 5 PM, distance 8 miles.

5/13/65
We left camp about 5 AM, march slowly cross the Chickahominy, passed Hanover Court House, camp half past 10 AM, on the bank of the Pomunkey distance 13 miles.

5/14/65
This morning we got up at 2 AM and started 6 AM, crossed the river, then on the roads were bad. We went slowly, passed the Concord Church, there was meeting, camp at 5 PM, distance 16 miles.

5/15/65
It was 7 AM this morning before we started move slowly. The roads were bad. We cross a place called Knigh Mill then on. We camp on the bank of Pomunkey River, distance 13 miles.

5/16/65
In the morning we started at half past 7 AM, passed the Massaportax Church, then on across the Rappahannock River on pontoon bridges, passed through Fredericksburg, camped at half past 6 AM, distance 10 miles, 5 from town.

5/17/65
We left camp half past 4 AM, march slowly, pass the Division. It was Timbers'. It was very warm, quite a number had to lay down, 2 of our Reg. were sunstruck. Camped at 5 distance 16 miles.

5/18/65
This morning we started by 4 AM, march steadily. The road was shaded. We camp near the Bull Run place, waded a creek called Aqua Creek. We camp on the opposite side about 2 PM, distance 16 miles.

5/19/65
It rained during the night. In the morning we started 4 AM, march fast. Waded another creek and camp within 4 miles of Alexandria about 2 PM distance 14 miles. I got two letters and papers, one from Jerry.

5/20/65
I remained in camp. It rained some. I took a nap, had some soft bread for supper and was retailed to dig a sink. I got a letter from home.

5/21/65
I give myself a good washing. It rained so I wrote a letter home, then remained around camp.

5/22/65
I remained in camp. It rained some - did nothing. I drew a hat.

5/23/65
This morning we move camp, pass through Alexandria then on and camped on the bank of the Potomac River opposite Washington City, distance 7 miles.

5/24/65
In the morning we left camp, cross the Potomac River, the bridge was 1 mile and quarter long, passed by the capitol, then halted 2 hours. Then march by the Company by the Capitol and through the city. There was a great crowd of people on both sides. Then to camp, 6 miles from town.

5/25/65
In the morning fired camp, put tents in line. I wrote a letter to Jerry. In the afternoon the Governor Lewis made a speech to us also Col. Fairchilds A. G. Galoy and Senator Harris.

5/26/65
I remained in camp, did nothing. It rained all day.

5/27/65
I remained in camp. It rained forepart of the day. I got a letter from home and wrote one home. Went, ground the hatchet.

5/28/65
Today I remained in camp. Had inspection by Orderly Sergeant. Drew one loaf of soft bread with other rations.

5/29/65
I remained in camp - did the cooking. Got some writing paper from the Chaplain.

5/30/65
In the morning Jap and I boiled our clothes. I covered my canteen. I pass the guard twice. Went up to the Fort DeRussy, drew 5 days rations, 4 days of soft bread.

5/31/65
This morning I was detailed as camp guard. I on the first relief, two hours on, 24 off. I wrote a letter to father.

6/l/65
I was relieved at 8 AM, then I remained in camp until 2 PM, then I pass the guard, went pass Fort Kearney, and Fort Reno, there was a signal stand, and to Tenallytown two miles from camp.

REFERENCE: O.R., Atlas Plate 89, Drawing 1, shows the Forts DeRussy, Kearney & Reno mentioned above.

6/2/65
I remained in camp, got some Sanitary pickles and potatoes. I went a bathing and got a letter from Sarah.

6/3/65
In the morning I went to the city of Washington in the Capitol in the Patents House and other parts of the city. See the fish pond fountain then to Camp. Got some Sanitary, one-half lemon, onions, potatoes.

6/4/65
In the morning, I washed my socks and had inspection by Lt. Kelsey. Wrote a letter to Sarah. I went down to the river and bathe. It was very warm.

6/5/65
I remained in camp. I got one-half lemon, one-third of an orange, two-thirds of an onion, one pickle, two tablespoonfuls of tomatoes, some potatoes. They were given by the Sanitary.

6/6/65
I remained in camp - did nothing but read.

6/7/65
In the morning I was up at 2 AM and left camp by 5 AM. March to the city, took the & Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, left Washington by 10 AM, rode at the rate of a mile in 5 minutes. Cross Harpers Ferry about 7 PM, traveled all night.

6/8/65
In the morning about 7 AM Cumberland, Md. I got some coffee, distance 126 miles. We started about 9, then on to Grafton, there we got some more coffee, had some excellent news, laid still most of the night.

6/9/65
In the morning we were still a moving, passed through quite a number of tunnels, 23 on the route. We got off the train at Parkersburg, about half past one PM, whole distance 338 miles.

6/10/65
In the morning we were called up about 2 AM, move at 4 AM. Went on the boat called Cottage about 5 AM, sailed down the Ohio River, change boats about 10 AM, got on one called Norman and move on. It rained.

6/11/65
In the morning the first city we passed was Mayville, then on and stopped opposite Cincinnati about 11 AM. Remained there two hours, then move on. In the eve we had a boat race, our boat run by two. Distance on the boat 400 miles.

6/12/65
In the morning waked up in Louisville. We got there about 2 AM, got off at 5 AM, march through the place, then on 6 miles down the river and camp about quarter of a mile from the Ohio. Had potatoes for breakfast.

6/13/65
I remained in camp. Went and bathed. Drew 5 days rations.

6/14/65
This morning the order was to move at 9 but did not until noon, then passed through the city, camp up the river 2 miles. It is a pretty camp.

6/15/65
This morning I got my pants washed. Wrote a letter to Sarah, then I mended my pants.

6/16/65
In the morning I got a pass to town. Holle let me have $2. I run around town, went to where the 30th Regiment was, got my dinner, quite a number of boys that I knew. I got a letter from Sarah.

6/17/65
Today I remained in camp, got a letter from father, with $5. Drew some rations, fish, I went to town a bathing.

6/18/65
I remained in camp - did nothing. I wrote a letter to father.

6/19/65
I went to town, got me a knife, left my watch to be cleaned, then back to camp. In the PM I went to town a bathing. Some ladies treated me with bread & butter.

6/20/65
I remained in camp all day. I got a new knapsack and a canteen. In the eve went to town for my watch.

6/21/65
I went to town, got my watch. I see 40 horses driven before one carriage. Remained in town with Brown the fore part of the day. I got Smith, march 35 cents, then to camp and sent it home. I got my, watch cleaned.

6/22/65
I was detailed as camp guard, went to guard mount, then back to camp. I was on the second relief first time at half past 11 AM, 2 hours on, 4 off. Got one pair of suspenders for $1, and knife $l.60.

6/23/65
This morning went on guard at half past 5 AM. We were relieved by 10 AM, then I remained in camp until eve, then I went a bathing down town.

6/24/65
In the morning Farnsworth & I went to the creek and washed our clothes and in the eve I went to town a bathing.

6/25/65
I went to preaching. It rained. I remained in camp.

6/26/65

1 was sick all day. One of our company died.

6/27/65
I was sick. I got of the government $349.50. I paid all that I owed, sent home $285. By William A. Burnet. I got square with the company.

6/28/65
I was left in camp in charge of the, whole thing. I acted as Captain and Commissary Sergeant. I wrote one letter to father.

6/29/65
I bought one pair of boots for $7. Mr. Shely was in camp. We drew 5 days rations.

6/30/65
I remained in camp, got a letter from father.

7/l/65
I was detailed to sweep the street, then I got $1.00 to act on guard in Mr. Benton's place. I was on the first relief. In the eve he went.

7/2/65
I was sick all day. Had a fever. Remained in my tent.

7/3/65
I was better. Fixed a table and remained in camp until eve, then went to town with Farnsworth and went to the Louisville Theater. Got to camp half past 1 AM.

7/4/65
I went with the regiment and Brigade to Brigade Headquarters and heard a speech from Sherman. It was very warm in the eve went to town and went to floods Theater. It was splendid. I got 2 papers from home.

7/5/65
I remained in camp. It was so warm in the eve, went and, bathed and wrote a letter to Sarah.

7/6/65
In the AM was detailed as camp guard. Went to guard mount, then to our respective post. I was on the first relief, No. 4. It was very warm. One man was sunstruck while on guard mount.

7/7/65
In the morning I was on guard and was relieved by 9 AM. Went to camp. I got a letter from Sarah stating that my money had got home.

7/8/65
In the morning I wrote a letter to Jerry then remained in camp until noon, then went to town and went to the Louisville Theater. Got to camp a little past 11 PM.

7/9/65
I remained in camp, tended meeting. I petitioned to take my gun home.

7/10/65
In the morning I was detailed as provost guard. It was to a house. It was easy guard duty. At night we all went to sleep in the wagon house. Sleep all night.

7/11/65
This morning we were relieved by 9 AM. In the PM, I went to town, got 3 sheets of music $1, and some writing paper and back to camp before dark.

7/12/65
I wrote a letter to Sarah and sent her 3 sheets of music.

7/13/65
I lent to town this morning, got a picture Gen. Leggett, then back to camp and remained.

7/14/65
Today I washed my socks, got a letter from father and sit down and wrote one to him, also the 16th Wisc. left camp.

7/15/65
I remained in camp. I lent Hammer $5 until we got to Madison, also bought a poncho for $1.75.

7/16/65
It rained all the fore part of the day. I lay in my tent. In the PM it cleared off.

7/17/65
In the morning I sent my poncho home by Farnsworth. Went and washed all ever. Was mustered out of the United States Service, and got a letter from Sarah.

7/18/65
We left Louisville about 7 march through the city across the ferry to New Albany, then we took the cars about 7 PM. They where flat cars. It rained.

7/19/65
The first place we come to was Salem. It rained. We made very slow time. We reach Michigan City. There we change our route. We cross the Wabash River.

7/20/65
We were on our way to Chicago. We still keep on the flat cars. The ladies wave their handkerchiefs at us, all the way in. We took supper at the Soldiers' Rest.

7/21/65
In the morning took breakfast at the Soldiers' Rest and started for Madison, got there about 4 PM., took supper at the Railroad House, then went to the barracks, then uptown. I went around the city.

7/22/65
In the morning bought our breakfasts then signed the payroll, signed the pay to the State Treasurer then bought a suit of clothes $38.70 and started for home. Went to…. (Possibly LaCross or some town on the St. Croix).

7/23/65
Got aboard of a boat named Northern Light. In the morning took breakfast on the boat then bought a book. We had a splendid time and I remained on board of the boat all night.

7/24/65
In the morning I get in Prescott and home by 6 AM. Took breakfast at home. The people do not know me. It rained almost all day. I went to see Weed's Wife.


*** End of Corporal Alonzo Miller's Diary. ***

From the Wisconsin Historical Society, Call numbers: